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Matthew W. Fidelibus, Kimberley A. Cathline and Jacqueline K. Burns

hand-harvesting method and can reduce production cost ( Vasquez et al., 2007 ). However, the harvest machines, which were designed for juice and wine grapes, can cause sufficient mechanical damage to grapes to render them unsuitable for raisin

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Kevin Lombard, Bernd Maier, Franklin J. Thomas, Mick O’Neill, Samuel Allen and Rob Heyduck

crops, including wine grape, as a profitable specialty crop to propel a local agricultural/tourism economy. Current private grape acreage in the entire Four Corners region is ≈20 ha, but is supported by at least four boutique wineries with vineyards, and

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Ian-Huei Yau, Joan R. Davenport and Michelle M. Moyer

The IPNW has emerged as a premium European wine grape growing region with Washington State as the dominant producer. Washington is second only to California in wine grape production in the United States [ U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), 2011a

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Krista Shellie, Jacob Cragin and Marcelo Serpe

Wine grapes have high economic value because of their combined farm gate price, associated agribusiness revenue, and attraction to tourists. Retail wine in the United States has an estimated value of ≈$30 billion and the state of California accounts

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Krista Shellie and D. Michael Glenn

Deficit irrigation is a production tool used on wine grapes and other perennial fruit crops to manage vegetative and reproductive growth for enhancement of product quality or to increase water use efficiency. In white wine grapes, optimum balance

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Krista C. Shellie

grapes relative to other traditional agricultural products. Determination of suitability for cultivation of wine grapes based on cold events or disease prevalence is more easily accomplished than matching of cultivars to particular mesoclimates, yet

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Ana Centeno, Pilar Baeza and José Ramón Lissarrague

irrigation system, only a fraction of the estimated crop evapotranspiration (ET) is replenished. Stored soil water is assumed to provide the remaining fraction. Usually, spring rainfalls and soil water content satisfied wine grape needs until berry set (mid

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Hemant L. Gohil and Michelle M. Moyer

Wine quality is intrinsically tied to the quality of fruit provided for processing ( Jackson and Lombard, 1993 ). Quality parameters typically measured in wine grapes are concentration of soluble solids, which determines final sugar and alcohol

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James M. Meyers, Gavin L. Sacks and Justine E. Vanden Heuvel

monoterpenes [e.g., linalool (floral)] and carbon-13 norisoprenoids [especially 1,1,6-trimethyl-1,2-dihydronaphthalene (kerosene)]. These compound classes exist primarily as “bound,” nonodorous glycosides in wine grapes ( Lee et al., 2007 ; Marais et al., 1992

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Michelle M. Moyer, Jaqueline King and Gary Moulton

Pacific northwestern North America is the largest wine grape production region outside of California, with over 86,000 acres spread across Washington, Oregon, and British Columbia [ Bremmer and Bremmer, 2014 ; U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA