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Ali Loker and Sam E. Wortman

Crop variety trials provide growers with valuable performance data to help inform variety choices for their farms ( Pellack and Karlen, 2017 ; Williams and Roberts, 2002 ). Variety trials can also inform breeding efforts ( Pellack and Karlen

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Timothy Coolong, Derek M. Law, John C. Snyder, Brent Rowell, and Mark A. Williams

, variety recommendations specifically for organic growers are lacking. Recently, partnerships such as the Northern Organic Vegetable Improvement Cooperative (NOVIC) have initiated variety trials for a number of organically grown vegetables including

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George E. Boyhan, Suzzanne Tate, Ryan McNeill, and Jeffrey McConnaughey

area; however, there continues to be a growing need for organic research that can help this agricultural sector. Variety evaluation is one area that can be helpful for organic producers. Several such studies have been conducted by researchers around the

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Mojdeh Bahar and Robert J. Griesbach

involved, and whether IP protection—and what type of protection—is appropriate. Unlike other scientific areas, in the United States there are three distinct mechanisms to protect plants themselves—namely, utility patents, plant patents, and plant variety

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George E. Boyhan, Suzanne O’Connell, Ryan McNeill, and Suzanne Stone

varieties, such as Sugar Baby, Crimson Sweet, and Moon & Stars ( Stone, 2017 ). The growth of organic production has resulted in the need for vegetable variety trials under organic conditions. There have been a number of trials evaluating vegetables under

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Chanjin Chung, Tracy A. Boyer, Marco Palma, and Monika Ghimire

produce new and improved turf varieties. In developing new turfgrass varieties, they consider the many challenges for turfgrass cultivation and appearance, which include attributes such as water requirements, salinity, shade, winter stress, and high

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Clinton C. Shock, Erik Feibert, Lynn Jensen, S. Krishna Mohan, and Lamont D. Saunders

mostly long-day varieties and are marketed starting in August from the field and continuing to April from storage ( Shock et al., 2000 ). The onion production area is within a radius of 30 miles of Ontario, Oregon, in the Snake River plain and along the

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Amara R. Dunn, Lindsay E. Wyatt, Michael Mazourek, Stephen Reiners, and Christine D. Smart

variety of factors, including the growing conditions in the region (e.g., climate and predominant soil type), major diseases affecting the region, the market for which peppers are grown (e.g., fresh vs. processing), and whether fruit will be harvested

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Triston Hooks, Genhua Niu, Joe Masabni, Youping Sun, and Girisha Ganjegunte

and saline groundwater. Pomegranate, which is one of the most salt-tolerant fruit trees, is an excellent candidate crop for the semi-arid region ( Sun et al., 2018 ). There are more than 500 varieties of pomegranate that have been named ( IPGRI, 2001

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R. Porat, B. Weiss, I. Zipori, and A. Dag

categorizations, it was reported that some varieties of plum ( Prunus salicina ), apple ( Malus × domestica ), and pear ( Pyrus serotina ), exhibit a “suppressed-climacteric phenotype,” i.e., they produce ethylene during the later stages of ripening, but at lower