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T.M. Waliczek and J.M. Zajicek

community. The purpose of this study was to integrate service-learning techniques into a university-level horticulture course and measure the impact of the course on students’ perceptions of community involvement, perceptions of social impact, and how well

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Mary Hockenberry Meyer and Phil Allen

This paper presents a decision case concerning the application of herbicides to turfgrass at a public university housing project. Some residents opposed pesticide use, even though the grounds were infested with weeds. The chair of the grounds committee had to decide whether or not to use herbicides given the resulting social implications. The case was written for use in turfgrass management or introductory horticulture classes and possibly for turf and landscape personnel taught through extension education. Students assume the role of a decisionmaker in the complicated issue of pesticide use.

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Angela M. O'Callaghan

An important element of the social horticulture program at the University of Nevada Cooperative Extension has been the creation of school gardens to enhance educational efforts for children in Las Vegas. Since 2002, a variety of methods has been employed to train teachers and administrators in using gardens, and this has resulted in establishment of successful gardening programs. Southern Nevada has experienced a 400% population increase in 25 years. Results of surveys of area stakeholders between 2000 and 2002, Clark County elementary school staff in 2001, and Clark County school principals in 2004, indicate a desire to incorporate gardens in schools, but concerns about establishing and maintaining them persist. Furthermore, apprehension about trying to garden under challenging climatic conditions characteristic of the Mojave Desert is expressed frequently, as is hesitation about using gardens to enhance the school curriculum in at-risk schools. When offered training in use of gardens, however, a majority of principals surveyed responded positively. They also expressed interest in tracking the educational and social impacts of gardens on students and faculty. This article reports on results of community stakeholder meetings and surveys of Clark County schools, as well as the methods that are being used to create a school gardens program in the most rapidly growing metropolis in the United States.

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Seong-Sil Kim, Sin-Ae Park, and Ki-Cheol Son

standard score from the positive nomination standard score (social preference score = positive nomination score − negative nomination score), and the social impact score is calculated by adding the positive and negative nomination scores (social impact

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more positively about how well they learned course material compared to current students. Males and students with higher grade point averages rated their feelings regarding social impact after the course more positively when compared to females and

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Jorge A. Zegbe and Jaime Mena-Covarrubias

pear production systems have an important social impact in lower local market competitiveness compared with other commodities ( Rincón-Valdez et al., 2004 ). However, the exported volumes in the last decade have alleviated, in part, the low economic

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Noa K. Lincoln, Theodore Radovich, Kahealani Acosta, Eli Isele, and Alyssa Cho

Agroecology of pre-contact Hawaiian dryland farming: The spatial extent, yield and social impact of Hawaiian breadfruit groves in Kona, Hawai’i J. Archeological Sci. 49 192 202 Lincoln, N.K. Ragone, D. Zerega, N. Roberts-Nkrumah, L.B. Merlin, M. Jones, A

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Amy Fulcher, Juang-Horng (JC) Chong, Sarah A. White, Joseph C. Neal, Jean L. Williams-Woodward, Craig R. Adkins, S. Kristine Braman, Matthew R. Chappell, Jeffrey F. Derr, Winston C. Dunwell, Steven D. Frank, Stanton A. Gill, Frank A. Hale, William E. Klingeman, Anthony V. LeBude, Karen Rane, and Alan S. Windham

client behavior or the economic, environmental, and/or social impact of client use of information provided by the app, as would be desirable for documenting impact. Developing in absentia. Can online or overseas app development firms be held accountable

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Michael A. Schnelle and Lyn A. Gettys

to what constitutes an invasive plant vary widely. Mooney and Cleland (2001) described invasive species as those that are introduced to a novel environment with negative ecological, economic, or social impacts. Similarly, Reichard and White (2001

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Sarah M. Bharath, Christian Cilas, and Pathmanathan Umaharan

Caribbean germplasm and prevent diversification of the value-added pepper product industry in the region with possible considerable economic and social impact. Jarret and Berke (2008) were the first to describe the morphological variation for fruit