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Antonio M. De Ron, Jorge J. Magallanes, Óscar Martínez, Paula Rodiño, and Marta Santalla

We evaluated 33 edible-pod pea (Pisum sativum L.) lines selected from single plants within 11 snow pea landraces and three elite cultivars for their horticultural value in three field trials at Pontevedra and Lugo (northwestern Spain). Field performance was estimated according to six traits related to earliness and duration, while horticultural value was determined by five pod traits. The global pod quality was estimated by a taste panel. Lines showed significant differences in nine quantitative traits. Significant differences were found among means of five landraces and the lines selected within them for pod length, width and weight. Cluster and principal component analysis identified a main group of 16 lines derived mainly from landraces PSM-0112 and PSM-0227 that had desirable earliness and pod quality. Some of the lines, such as MB-0298, MB-0324, MB-0325, MB-0326, MB-0332, and MB-0334 are appropriate for vegetable production as edible pod snow pea varieties and for use in breeding programs. Moreover, the lines MB-0298, MB-0321, MB-0322, and MB-0324 showed stable earliness and MB-0330 and MB-0332 stable pod quality across the three environments evaluated.

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Yun Kong, Katherine Schiestel, David Llewellyn, and Youbin Zheng

selected crop species suitable for intercropping with tomatoes should have at least a small canopy, short overlapped growth period, and low demand for nutrients and water ( Cecilio Filho et al., 2011 ). Snow pea is a specialty vegetable that can be consumed

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Brian A. Kahn and Wendy A. Nelson

Trellised plants of `Oregon Sugar Pod II' and `Snowflake' snow peas (Pisum sativum var. macrocarpon Ser.) were grown in single and double rows on l-m centers at a constant population of 20 plants/m2 in 1988 and 1990. Plants of `Oregon Sugar Pod II' produced a greater number and weight of fresh pods than plants of `Snowflake' in both years. Plants grown in double rows (10 cm within-row spacing) produced a greater number and weight of fresh pods than plants grown in single rows (5 cm within-row spacing) in 1988, but not in 1990. Vine dry weights were greater from plants grown in double rows than from plants grown in single rows in both years. Double rows seemed more promising for home gardeners than for commercial growers because of the increased branching and more widely scattered pod distribution on plants grown in double rows compared with plants grown in single rows.

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Rhuanito S. Ferrarezi, Stuart A. Weiss, Thomas C. Geiger, and K. Paul Beamer

). Snow pea (thin walls) has flat pods that are harvested when the pods have reached full size but before seeds have developed. Sugar snap pea (thick pod walls) has round pods that are harvested after seed development ( Gross et al., 2014 ). In terms of

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J.M. Amurrio, A.M. de Ron, and M. Santalla

Twenty sugar pea (Pisum sativum L.) landraces common to northwestern Spain (Pontevedra), and potentially of interest as parental material, were evaluated at two locations and for 2 years to study the diversity among them for plant and pod physical quality traits. The main objective was to identify landraces that could be included in breeding programs. Highly significant differences among landraces were found for most of the pod traits, such as length, width, length/width index, fresh weight, and flowering date. Genotype–environment interactions were demonstrated for only three traits of the 10 investigated. High values for correlation coefficients were mostly found for pod traits, but highly significant ones (i.e., P ≤ 0.01) were found for traits other than for pods. Most of the landraces were variable for qualitative and quantitative traits. PSM-0070, PSM-0113, and PSM-0116 were superior for earliness and pod physical quality, but were heterogenous. PSM-0064, PSM-0066, PSM-0117, and PSM-0118 lacked pod parchment.

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William J. Sciarappa, Jim Simon, Ramu Govindasamy, Kathleen Kelley, Frank Mangan, Shouan Zhang, Surendran Arumugam, Peter Nitzsche, Richard Van Vranken, Stephen Komar, Albert Ayeni, Gene McAvoy, Chung Park, William Reichert, David Byrnes, Qingli Wu, Brian Schilling, and Ricardo Orellana

.00 to $2.20/week on baby pak choy, pak choy, oriental eggplant, oriental spinach, snow pea, napa cabbage, and luffa, whereas Asian Indians spent $1.00 to $2.43/week on mustard leaves, bottle gourd, cluster beans, fenugreek leaves, eggplants, and bitter

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Rebecca J. McGee and James R. Baggett

Abbreviations: NOF, `Nofila' snow pea; OSP, `Oregon Sugarpod II' snow pea; OSU, Oregon State Univ.; SD, `Sugar Daddy' snap pea. 1 Formerly Graduate Research Assistant. Current address: The Pillsbury Co., 1201 North Fourth Street, Le Sueur, MN 56058

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the highly preferred online format. Edible-pod Peas as High-value Crops in the U.S. Virgin Islands Snow pea and sugar snap pea are high-value crops typically grown in temperate regions. Temperature is the main factor limiting the production of edible

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Richard H. Molinar

are generally preferred. Long beans are a warm-season crop. It is cut into 2-inch pieces and added to various stir-fries. The paler green variety is generally sweeter and more tender than the dark green one. Snap pea and snow pea ( Pisum sativum

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Lingxiao Zhang and S Kyei-Boahen

reach their maximum sweetness ≈1 month after flowering. The quality is best when the pod is plump and bright green, similar to snow peas ( P. sativum ) in color. Soybean breeders in the U.S. have crossed some of the large-seeded Asian varieties with