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Liang Cheng, Ning Zhang, and Bingru Huang

salinity stress, adversely affects shoot and root growth, mainly by induction of leaf or root maturation and senescence ( Abeles et al., 2012 ; Morgan and Drew, 1997 ). Approaches that can suppress excessive accumulation of stress-induced ethylene may be

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Carlos Alberto Lecona-Guzmán, Sheila Reyes-Zambrano, Felipe Alonso Barredo-Pool, Miguel Abud-Archila, Joaquín Adolfo Montes-Molina, Reiner Rincón-Rosales, and Federico Antonio Gutierrez-Miceli

species when seed-based methods are inadequate ( Pence, 2011 ). Successful propagation depends on several steps, including obtaining cultures free of pathogenic bacteria and fungi, establishment of shoot producing or embryogenic cultures, rooting of shoots

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Ana V. de Souza, José E.B.P. Pinto, Suzan K.V. Bertolucci, Ricardo M. Corrêa, Larissa C. do B. Costa, and William E. Dyer

experiments. Each treatment contained 25 embryos in four replications in a completely randomized experimental design. The percentage of germinated embryos was determined 15 d after culture and shoot and root lengths were measured after 45 d. Effect of

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Fatemeh Haddadi, Maheran Abd Aziz, Hossein Kamaladini, and Seyed Ali Ravanfar

shoot regeneration in cultivated strawberry was demonstrated using several types of in vitro cultured explants. However, the highest regeneration success was obtained from leaf explants for most of the cultivars analyzed ( Passey et al., 2003

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Areej A. Alosaimi, Robert R. Tripepi, and Stephen L. Love

firechalice with a limited amount of stems available to propagate. For plants in general, axillary shoot proliferation is the best tissue culture technique for true-to-type reproduction ( Kane, 2011 ). Several related species in Onagraceae, including Ludwigia

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Michael W. Smith and Becky S. Cheary

regulators involved in level-two long-distance floral signaling ( Bangerth, 2009 ; Wood, 2011 ). Typically current-season’s reproductive shoots end in a pistillate flower cluster. Occasionally, lateral buds initiate growth; thus, the distal portion of a

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Allison D. Oakes, Tyler Desmarais, William A. Powell, and Charles A. Maynard

, requiring many steps and different growing media ( Gonçalves et al., 1998 ; Gonzalez Padilla et al., 2003 ; Pijut et al., 2010 ). The main production bottleneck for micropropagated american chestnuts are the rooting and acclimatization stages, where shoots

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Yaser Hassan Dewir, Abdulhakim A. Aldubai, Salah El-Hendawy, Abdullah A. Alsadon, Mayada Kadry Seliem, and Yougasphree Naidoo

used to propagate this species. The aim of this study was to develop in vitro propagation of C. erectus through axillary shoot proliferation. Materials and Methods Plant material, surface disinfection, and culture establishment. Shoot tips, 3–5 cm

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Xiuli Shen, William S. Castle, and Frederick G. Gmitter Jr

tissues from mature male trees. We have established a protocol for micropropagation of a Casuarina hybrid ( C. equisetifolia L. × C. glauca Sieber ex Spreng) using epicotyl explants excised from seeds germinated in vitro. Shoot proliferation was

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Paweł Petelewicz, Paweł M. Orliński, Marco Schiavon, Manuel Mundo-Ocampo, J. Ole Becker, and James H. Baird

and Dunes Courses) ( Whitten, 2019 ). All of these golf courses, and many more along the coast from Carmel to Mendocino, have been affected at one time or another by pacific shoot-gall nematode ( Anguina pacificae ), which was first discovered in 1978