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Robert G. Nelson, Benjamin L. Campbell, Robert C. Ebel, and William A. Dozier Jr.

The satsuma mandarin has a long history in Alabama ( Campbell, 2004 ). The first satsuma trees were delivered to Baldwin County from Massachusetts in 1898 ( Winberg, 1948a ). As satsuma acreage increased rapidly along the coast, producers realized

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Monte L. Nesbitt, Robert C. Ebel, and William A. Dozier Jr

Satsuma mandarin ( Citrus unshiu Marc.) has been grown in southern Alabama, southern Mississippi, and northwestern Florida with intermittent commercial success since its introduction from Japan in the late 1800s. Occasional winter freezes and the

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Akira Kitajima, Atsu Yamasaki, Tsuyoshi Habu, Bannarat Preedasuttijit, and Kojiro Hasegawa

Satsuma mandarin, the most important citrus in Japan, initiate as a chance seedling in Japan (Nagashima Island, Kagoshima Prefecture), but its origin is unclear. Satsuma mandarin has many horticultural quality advantages, including juiciness

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James D. Spiers, Claudine A. Jenda, and Bridget S. Farrell

Texas Gulf Coast to the Suwanee River in Florida once contained vast plantings of satsuma mandarins ( Citrus unshiu Marc.) ( Rucker, 1996 ). Additional citrus, such as the ‘Duncan’ grapefruit ( Citrus paradisi Macfadyen), ‘Meyer’ lemon ( Citrus meyeri

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Robert C. Ebel, Monte Nesbitt, William A. Dozier Jr., and Fenny Dane

Satsuma mandarins were introduced into Alabama in 1898 ( Winberg, 1948a ) and commercial interest developed in the following decades. By 1923, the industry expanded to 4856 ha of bearing and 2428 ha of nonbearing trees in Alabama and an additional

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Min Zhang, Xiuxin Deng, Changping Qin, Chunli Chen, Hongyan Zhang, Qing Liu, Zhiyong Hu, Linlin Guo, Wenhua Song, Yong Tan, and Shengcai Liao

chimera composed of ‘Fukuhara’ sweet orange ( C. sinensis ) and ‘Kawano Natsudaidai’ ( C. natsudaidai ) ( Kuhara, 1989 ; Ohtsu and Kuhara, 1994 ). Later, they reported another periclinal chimera of Satsuma mandarin and ‘Hamlin’ sweet orange ( C. sinensis

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John C. Beaulieu, Maureen A. Tully, Rebecca E. Stein-Chisholm, and Javier M. Obando-Ulloa

Satsuma is the most popular mandarin in Korea and Japan ( Choi, 2004 ; Miyazawa et al., 2010 ). However, satsuma and satsuma juices have not attained such popularity in the United States. In 2002, the Louisiana citrus industry consisted of over 900

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Naoko Nakajima, Yoshinori Ikoma, Hikaru Matsumoto, Keiko Sato, Yuri Nakamura, Mineyuki Yokoyama, Ohji Ifuku, and Shigeo Yoshida

capabilities of girding, pruning, or fruit thinning. However, the definitive method of preventing alternate bearing has not yet been developed. In Japan, alternate bearing in satsuma mandarin trees is a serious problem even today. Thus, the development of a

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Shin Hiratsuka, Yuka Yokoyama, Hiroshi Nishimura, Takayuki Miyazaki, and Kazuyoshi Nada

verify the lightproof fruit bagging effect on sugar concentration at harvest in Satsuma mandarin. Then, the effect of fruit bagging on fruit photosynthesis and PEPC activity was characterized during fruit development. Materials and Methods Plant materials

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Peter C. Andersen and Brent V. Brodbeck

The satsuma ( C. unshiu Marcovitch) originated in southeast Asia, but was first reported in Japan over 700 years ago ( Andersen et al., 2012 ). The satsuma was introduced to St. Augustine, FL in 1876 from the province of “Satsuma” located in