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Ved Parkash and Sukhbir Singh

. Reduction in these metabolic activities leads to inhibition of photosynthesis activity ( Sahin et al., 2018 ). Additionally, under salinity stress, an increased accumulation of salts in the cells increases the cell wall permeability, which causes substantial

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Mohamad-Hossein Sheikh-Mohamadi, Nematollah Etemadi, Ali Nikbakht, Mostafa Farajpour, Mostafa Arab, and Mohammad Mahdi Majidi

The germination phase is an important and vulnerable stage in the life cycle of plants because establishment of the seedling and plant growth can be partly defined and seriously influenced by salinity ( Hu et al., 2012b ). Salinity stress is

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Yiming Liu, Hongmei Du, Kai Wang, Bingru Huang, and Zhaolong Wang

physiological mechanisms underlying salinity tolerance in turfgrass species. The objective of this study was to examine differential photosynthetic responses of two grasses that vary in tolerance to salinity when they were grown under salinity stress. The two

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Xin Song, Suo-min Wang, and Yiwei Jiang

). High salinity prevented plant N uptake, which limited plant growth ( Hu and Schmidhalter, 1997 ; Munns and Tester, 2008 ). Application of N could positively affect plant growth under salinity stress ( Rengasamy, 2010 ). Phosphate availability is

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Liang Cheng, Ning Zhang, and Bingru Huang

Salinity is a major stress limiting plant growth in areas with saline soils or irrigated with poor quality water. Salinity stress can impose cellular and physiological damages including osmotic stress, ion toxicity, and nutrient disturbances

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Zhimin Yang, Jingjin Yu, Emily Merewitz, and Bingru Huang

Drought and salinity stress are common problems in turfgrass management resulting from limited availability of fresh water for irrigation and increased use of non-potable water sources for irrigation of turfgrasses. Irrigating with water of poor

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Zhongjie Ji, James J. Camberato, Cankui Zhang, and Yiwei Jiang

Salinity stress can severely inhibit plant growth and development. The adverse effects of salinity stress on plants are generally imposed through osmotic stress by limiting water uptake and excessive uptake of sodium (Na + ) ions ( Munns and Tester

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Sanalkumar Krishnan and Emily B. Merewitz

and growth under salinity stress. Salt ion analysis has revealed significantly different accumulation of Na + , K + , and Ca 2+ between the two cultivars in response to salt stress. Under prolonged moderate salt-stress conditions, the Na + content of

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Xiujie Yin, Chao Zhang, Xin Song, and Yiwei Jiang

metabolic activities vary highly among turfgrass species, cultivar, or accessions within a species as well as salinity concentration. Seashore paspalum had superior shoot dry weight under salinity stress compared with zoysiagrass ( Zoysia japonica ), manila

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Lakshmy Gopinath, Matthew Barton, and Justin Quetone Moss

irrigating landscapes ( Devitt et al., 2004 ). However, irrigating with saline water could suppress plant growth and production ( Parida and Das, 2005 ). According to the two-phase plant growth response to salinity stress explained by Munns (1993) , the