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Samantha R. Nobes, Karen L. Panter, and Randa Jabbour

local markets ( Ortiz et al., 2012 ). The reasoning behind the increase in regional production is that specialty cut flowers cannot withstand long transportation distances and may have a shorter postharvest life ( Ortiz et al., 2012 ). An increased

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Lisa W. DeVetter, David Granatstein, Elizabeth Kirby, and Michael Brady

Global production of highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum) has continuously increased since the early 1990s, with substantial growth occurring after 2000. Benefiting from this growth is the organic blueberry (Vaccinium sp.) industry, which has been strengthened by increases in organic food sales and the price premiums received for organic products. Washington State is a national and global leader in organic blueberry production, with 47% of the national organic blueberry crop harvested in 2008. As this statewide industry continues to grow, it is important to recognize both the opportunities and challenges related to organic blueberry production and marketing. This paper addresses those issues and describes trends in organic highbush blueberry production using Washington State as a case study due to its scale and distinctive regional differences within the state in regard to climate, horticultural production, and market venues. Challenges related to the introduction and management of new diseases and pests, changes in the federal organic regulations, infrastructural limitations, and climate change threaten current production capabilities in Washington State. However, the industry is still poised to capitalize on organic blueberry markets and has a lower market risk in the medium term compared with other crops.

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Ray F. Dawson and F.W. Owen Smith

Production of rubber from Hevea brasiliensis (Willd. ex A. Juss) Muell.-Arg. (Euphorbiaceae) is greatest in southeastern Asia where the South American leaf blight disease is absent. Except for the Pacific Piedmont of Guatemala, plantation production in the Americas is limited severely by the now widespread presence of the pathogen Microcyclus ulei (P. Henn.) Arx. Mean latex yields from trees growing on the Piedmont approximate those of Indonesia and Malaysia, with little evidence of damage from leaf blight. The scope and scale of the Guatemalan anomaly suggest that environmentally modulated escape rather than previously assumed disease resistance may be the key to successful production of natural rubber in this hemisphere. The Guatemalan industry is presently well-organized to service regional markets in Mexico and the Caribbean Basin. Given due attention to environmental analysis, it may serve also as a model for the development of regional production facilities in other parts of tropical America.

Open access

Jayesh B. Samtani, Curt R. Rom, Heather Friedrich, Steven A. Fennimore, Chad E. Finn, Andrew Petran, Russell W. Wallace, Marvin P. Pritts, Gina Fernandez, Carlene A. Chase, Chieri Kubota, and Brad Bergefurd

Strawberry (Fragaria ×ananassa) production practices followed by growers in the United States vary by region. Understanding the challenges, needs, and opportunities in each region is essential to guide research, policy, and marketing strategies for the strawberry industry across the country, and to enable the development of general and region-specific educational and production tools. This review divided the United States into eight distinct geographic regions and an indoor controlled or protected environment production system. Current production systems, markets, cultivars, trends, and future directions for each region are discussed. A common trend across all regions is the increasing use of protected culture strawberry production with both day-neutral and short-day cultivars for season extension to meet consumer demand for year-round availability. All regions experience challenges with pests and obtaining adequate harvest labor. Increasing consumer demand for berries, climate change-induced weather variability, high pesticide use, labor and immigration policies, and land availability impact regional production, thus facilitating the adoption of new technologies such as robotics and network communications to assist with strawberry harvesting in open-field production and production under controlled-environment agriculture and protected culture.

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David G. Himelrick

-depth coverage of a physiological topic or regional production guide are accessed easily. In terms of a class text, I would guess that most instructors likely would skip some of the more unusual crops, such as macadamia nuts, oil palms, cacao, and coffee. The

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Fumiomi Takeda and Penelope Perkins-Veazie

of foodborne illness could become a possibility. High tunnel production systems should improve regional production of specialty crops to meet consumer demand for fresh, high-quality, locally grown fruits and vegetables by shortening the time lapse

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Bridget K. Behe, Benjamin L. Campbell, Charles R. Hall, Hayk Khachatryan, Jennifer H. Dennis, and Chengyan Yue

containers had negative utilities, not being preferred by the sample at large. Generally, local production was favored over regional production. International production, as compared with domestic local or regional production, had a high negative utility

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differences in PFs. Optimum Plant Spacing for Eastern U.S. Broccoli Produciton Eastern U.S. growers must maximize broccoli yields to make regional production of this vegetable profitable and competitive. Ward et al. (p. 330) tested contemporary hybrids

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Kristine M. Lang and Ajay Nair

fourth National Vegetable Grafting Symposium in Grand Rapids, MI, a call to action urged researchers to continue exploring scion–rootstock interactions in response to regional production issues (M. Kleinhenz and C. Rivard, personal communication, 7 Dec

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Osman Kilic, Vedat Ceyhan, H. Avni Cinemre, Mehmet Bozoglu, and John Sumelius

, time series and cross-sectional data for different crops cultivated in the research area were gathered from the regional production statistics and research station records and subjectively adjusted. The variables analyzed in this study can be divided