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Joan Bradshaw and Monica Ozores-Hampton

In 1988, the Florida Legislature passed the Solid Waste Management Act that affected the solid waste disposal practices of every county in the state. With legislation directly affecting the industry, organic recyclers and Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP) regulators recognized a need to establish a professional organization that could serve as a unified industry voice, and foster high standards and ethics in the business of recycling and reuse of organic materials. In December 1994, a meeting was held to discuss the formulation of a Florida organic recycling association which became known as the Florida Organics Recyclers Association (FORA). FORA's first major contribution to the industry was the development of a recycling best management practice manual for yard trash in 1996. The second major project undertaken by FORA was a food waste diversion project which sought to promote an increase in food waste recovery and reuse. In Spring 1999, FORA became the organic division of Recycling Florida Today (RFT) further unifying recycling efforts within the State of Florida. In an attempt to address mounting concerns regarding industry marketing and promotional needs, RFT/FORA developed an organic recycling facility directory for the State of Florida in Spring 2000. Most recently RFT/FORA developed an organic recycling facility operator training course outline to assist the FDEP in identifying industry training needs. From its modest beginnings in 1994, to future joint programming efforts with the University of Florida's Florida Organic Recycling Center for Excellence (FORCE), RFT/FORA continues to emerge as a viable conduit of educational information for public and private agencies relative to organic recycling in Florida.

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Nathaniel Ferraro, Darrell Bosch, James Pease and James S. Owen Jr.

and recycle water offer potential solutions to this problem by reducing consumption of water and extending its availability ( Parsons et al., 2010 ). In the nursery crops industry, ≈5% of outdoor, uncovered operations nationwide recycle irrigation

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Bridget K. Behe, Benjamin Campbell, Jennifer Dennis, Charles Hall, Roberto Lopez and Chengyan Yue

container material that was from recycled waste. Changing the percent of material made from recycled waste only resulted in a small change in consumer rating. Carbon footprint label had a similarly small influence on preference. The study helped plant

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Martin P.N. Gent and Michael R. Short

to prevent spread of disease when the water is recycled ( van Os et al., 2008 ). Small-scale growers, less than 0.1 ha in production, are the dominant sector in New England. These growers cannot afford either a complex irrigation system or the

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Hanna Y. Hanna

electric drill to restore perlite loose structure, followed by hot water treatment, achieved the same results at less cost ( Hanna, 2006 ). Each method encompassed two separate steps collectively called perlite recycling. The first step was conducted to

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Yuhung Lin and Yaling Qian

wastewater (recycled water) for landscape irrigation. Golf courses are the leading urban landscape users of recycled water. The total area of golf courses in the United States was 608,732 ha in 2007. It is estimated that during 2003 to 2005, 80% of maintained

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Salvatore S. Mangiafico, Jay Gan, Laosheng Wu, Jianhang Lu, Julie P. Newman, Ben Faber, Donald J. Merhaut and Richard Evans

primarily in the water phase of surface waters ( Bondarenko and Gan, 2004 ). Pesticide runoff loads from production nurseries are a concern also because the persistence of some pesticides may be prolonged in nursery runoff sediments or recycling pond waters

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Xiang Cao, Darrell Bosch and James Pease

concerns, some nurseries have adopted WRT, which involves capturing and recycling irrigation water to improve crop water productivity and to enhance water supply security while reducing contaminants lost from nursery and greenhouse production sites. It is

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Alyssa J. DeVincentis, Robin G. Brumfield, Paul Gottlieb and James R. Johnson

profit. In an effort to conserve this valuable resource, there is a strong push for agricultural and horticultural industries to recycle irrigation water ( Economics Consulting Service, 2008 ; World Bank, 2006 ). Growers want to manage water without

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Sangho Jeon, Charles S. Krasnow, Gemini D. Bhalsod, Blair R. Harlan, Mary K. Hausbeck, Steven I. Safferman and Wei Zhang

this type of system, irrigation water is pumped from a water reservoir to flood the floor or bench at a specified water level for a desired duration, and then drained back (often by gravity flow) to the reservoir for recycling in the next irrigation