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Ying Qu, Xue Bai, Yajun Zhu, Rui Qi, Geng Tian, Yang Wang, Yonghua Li, and Kaiming Zhang

generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), such as hydroxyl radicals (·OH), superoxide anions (O 2 ·- ), and hydrogen peroxide. Although well known for the damage they cause to cells, ROS are considered signalling molecules in plant stress perception ( Zhou

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Mohamad-Hossein Sheikh-Mohamadi, Nematollah Etemadi, and Mostafa Arab

turf quality of cool-season grass by affecting several physiological and biochemical factors ( Du et al., 2013 ; Fan et al., 2014 ). Heat and cold stress could lead to oxidative damages via the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), such as

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Zhi-Rong Li, Kang-Di Hu, Fen-Qin Zhang, Shi-Ping Li, Lan-Ying Hu, Yan-Hong Li, Song-Hua Wang, and Hua Zhang

expression levels ( Lai et al., 2014 ). In the present study, the expression of BoOASTL and BoSR is up-regulated by H 2 S fumigation, implicating the accelerated sulfur metabolism induced by exogenous H 2 S. Reactive oxygen species overproduction and

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Ting-Ting Li, Zhi-Rong Li, Kang-Di Hu, Lan-Ying Hu, Xiao-Yan Chen, Yan-Hong Li, Ying Yang, Feng Yang, and Hua Zhang

–845 Apel, K. Hirt, H. 2004 Reactive oxygen species: Metabolism, oxidative stress, and signal transduction Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. 55 373 399 Benjamin, N.D. Montgomery, M.W. 1973 Polyphenol oxidase of Royal Ann cherries: Purification and characterization J

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D. Michael Glenn

the plant’s overall reaction, which includes leaf wilting. Imaging oxidative stress responses in plants through various dyes are well established ( Fryer et al., 2002 ) despite the short lifespan of the reactive oxygen species (ROS). Real-time imaging

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Li Xiang, Lei Zhao, Mei Wang, Junxia Huang, Xuesen Chen, Chengmiao Yin, and Zhiquan Mao

development. Annual Plant Reviews 37 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Hoboken, NJ Berni, R. Luyckx, M. Xu, X. Legay, S. Sergeant, K. Hausman, J.F. Lutts, S. Cai, G. Guerriero, G. 2018 Reactive oxygen species and heavy metal stress in plants

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Yiran Li, Akiha Abe, Takuichi Fuse, Tomonari Hirano, Yoichiro Hoshino, and Hisato Kunitake

recent years, several studies have investigated the cytosolic alterations in pollen tubes exposed to SI response. Reactive oxygen species, a potent signaling molecule, was easily affected by SI response in pollen tubes of Papaver rhoeas ( Wilkins et al

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Ningguang Dong, Jianxun Qi, Yuanfa Li, Yonghao Chen, and Yanbin Hao

of chilling stress. Literature Cited Airaki, M. Leterrier, M. Mateos, R.M. Valderrama, R. Chaki, M. Barroso, J.B. Del Río, L.A. Palma, J.M. Corpas, F.J. 2012 Metabolism of reactive oxygen species and reactive nitrogen species in pepper ( Capsicum

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Ju Ding, Kai Shi, Yan-Hong Zhou, and Jing-Quan Yu

field experiments ( Khripach et al., 2000 ). Plants have a natural array of defense mechanisms to protect themselves from pathogenic organisms. Recently, the generation and scavenging system of reactive oxygen species (ROS) has attracted increasing

Open access

Mohamed S. Elmongy, Xiuyun Wang, Hong Zhou, and Yiping Xia

date. Microshoot samples were thoroughly washed and immediately frozen in liquid nitrogen (≥30 min) and then stored at −80 °C until further use. Reactive oxygen species analysis. To measure the hydrogen peroxide (H 2 O 2 ) content, whole microshoots (0