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Fan Cao, Xinwang Wang, Zhuangzhuang Liu, Yongrong Li, and Fangren Peng

( Corte-Olivares et al., 1990 ). This study describes the pecan hardwood rooting process based on anatomic characteristics to understand the root formation mechanism of pecan cuttings. The expressed proteins of different periods during the adventitious

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Tatsiana Espevig, Chenping Xu, Trygve S. Aamlid, Michelle DaCosta, and Bingru Huang

temperate grass species ( Tumanov, 1940 ). The first acclimation phase occurs at temperatures above freezing (≈2 to 5 °C) and contributes to accumulation of cryoprotectants, including antifreeze proteins, reserve carbohydrates, and alterations in

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Abe Shegro Gerrano, Patrick Olusanmi Adebola, Willem Sternberg Jansen van Rensburg, and Sonja Louise Venter

cultivated for the production of grain seeds, immature pods, fresh and dried leaves, as well as hay for livestock feed ( Xu et al., 2009 ). It is a good source of protein, vitamins, and minerals ( Mamiro et al., 2011 ). Cowpea production and productivity is

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Yuejin Weng, Jun Qin, Stephen Eaton, Yufeng Yang, Waltram Second Ravelombola, and Ainong Shi

Cowpea [ Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp], an annual legume native to tropical and subtropical regions, is a protein-rich crop that complements staple cereal for human and fodder for livestock and also provides soil improvement benefits through

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Suping Zhou, Roger Sauve, Tara Fish, and Theodore W. Thannhauser

+ -ATPase of several transmembrane proteins (transporters and antiporters) and H + pumps ( Fonseca et al., 2007 ; Zhu, 2003 ). Zhang and Blumwald (2001) found that overexpression of a vacuolar Na + /H + antiport gene in transgenic tomato enhanced the

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Silver Tumwegamire, Regina Kapinga, Patrick R. Rubaihayo, Don R. LaBonte, Wolfgang J. Grüneberg, Gabriela Burgos, Thomas zum Felde, Rosemary Carpio, Elke Pawelzik, and Robert O.M. Mwanga

have lower starch (≈45% to 55% of DM) and higher sugar contents (≈10% to 20% of DM) ( Woolfe, 1992 ). Additionally, the storage root of sweetpotato also contains reasonable amounts of protein [≈5% of storage root DM] ( Woolfe, 1992 ). Studies on

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Harbans L. Bhardwaj and Anwar A. Hamama

our desire to diversify cropping system, we are interested in several crops related to mungbean and mothbean since such crops have been observed to have great potential as supplemental or alternate sources of legume protein ( Fery, 2002 ). Most of

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Xunzhong Zhang, Kehua Wang, and Erik H. Ervin

-acclimated cultivars can develop metabolic defenses rapidly to cope with freezing stress ( Zhang et al., 2006 ). Increases in certain sugars or amino acids, synthesis of novel proteins, and increases in the degree of unsaturation of membrane lipid fatty acids

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Chenping Xu, Zhongchun Jiang, and Bingru Huang

senescence characterized by the chlorophyll content decline and protein degradation, limiting photosynthesis and various metabolic processes ( Diaz et al., 2008 ; Jiang et al., 2011 ; Smart, 1994 ; Thomas and de Villier, 1996 ). Several studies in

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Hector Quemada, Kelly Zarka, Walter Pett, Gurling Bothma, Kimberly Felcher, Hope Mirendil, Muffy Koch, Johan Brink, and David Douches

nptII , a gene derived from the bacterium Escherichia coli ( Beck et al., 1982 ). Cry1Ia1 is a protein that is toxic to potato tuber moth, and acts by binding to specific receptors on the membranes of epithelial cells in the target insect's midgut