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Jennifer R. DeEll, Clément Vigneault, Frédérique Favre, Timothy J. Rennie, and Shahrokh Khanizadeh

The objective of this research was to evaluate the effects of vacuum cooling and temperature on the quality and storage life of mung bean sprouts (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek). Sprouts in micro-perforated bags were either not precooled or vacuum cooled to 9, 6, or 3 °C, and stored for 7 days at 1, 3, or 6 °C. Vacuum-cooled bean sprouts lost more weight than sprouts not precooled, and the weight loss was greater when the sprouts were cooled to lower temperatures. However, the total loss never exceeded 5% and no apparent signs of shrivel were observed. Vacuum cooling resulted in greater product freshness after 4 days of storage, but the effect was nonsignificant after 7 days. Storage temperature had greater influence on bean sprout quality than did cooling temperature, with greater freshness and whiter hypocotyls at the lower temperatures. However, blackening of cotyledons increased as the storage temperature decreased.

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A.J. Downer, B. Faber, U. Schuch, D. Pittenger, and R. White

Forty eight California sycamores (Platanus racemosa) were planted (5/91) from one gallon containers and mulched (8/91) with, pine bark, composted sewage sludge and wood products, fresh Eucalyptus cladocalyx chips (large 2-6cm), fresh eucalyptus chips (small <1cm), composted large eucalyptus and untreated. Mulches were applied to a depth of 10cm in a 6m2 area around each tree. Irrigations were based on soil moisture depletion and water content was measured by time domain reflectometry. Mulched trees developed more caliper, lower stomatal resistances and lower trunk temperatures. Soil moisture (top 15cm) was greater under mulched trees. Rooting was evident in the sludge, and composted eucalyptus mulches but absent in the pine bark and fresh eucalyptus mulches.

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Jorge M. Fonseca, James W. Rushing, and Robert F. Testin

The influence of temperature and O2 concentration on respiration and shelf life of fresh-cut watermelon was investigated. Product stored at selected temperatures from 1 to 30 °C showed increasing respiration and reduced shelf life with increasing temperature. Oxygen depletion and CO2 evolution were measured using a closed system method and rates of O2 consumption and CO2 production were computed. A mathematical model found to predict the CO2 production as function of temperature and O2 showed an elevated rate of CO2 production at about 14% O2 or lower. A modified atmosphere trial that compared product stored at 7 to 9 °C in air with product at either 14% or 8% O2 revealed increased respiration in the latter treatments, suggesting a relatively high anaerobic compensation point (ACP) at >14% O2. Our results suggest limited applicability of modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) for this product. Fresh-cut watermelon had extended shelf life and reduced respiration rate when stored at 1 to 3 °C and in >14% O2 atmospheres.

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Zhifeng Gao, Marilyn Swisher, and Xin Zhao

Farmers’ markets (FMs) are perceived as ideal places for consumers to purchase fresh, local, and organic produce; for small- and midsized farmers, to gain reliable income; and for stimulating the local economy. However, with the organic and local food movements gaining momentum, it may be hard to keep up with all the expectations for FMs. This is because the rapid growth of FMs may provide more opportunities for vendors who use misleading labels and statements to attract consumers. The objective of this study was to determine consumer perception and knowledge of FMs as well as consumer persistence of shopping at FMs after finding out that the FM products do not meet their expectations. The results indicated that FM shopping atmosphere, environmental consciousness, product freshness, and local production were the main reasons for consumers shopping at FMs. This study showed that the majority of consumers had limited knowledge of individual FM vendors; most consumers would continue to shop at FMs even after purchasing products that did not meet their expectations; and consumers who believed buying locally at FMs was important were more likely to stop shopping if dishonest vendor practices were revealed than were consumers who used FMs mainly as places for socializing and meeting friends.

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Yun Kong and Youbin Zheng

/product/fresh-suaeda-glauca.html > Yang, C. Shi, D. Wang, D. 2008 Comparative effects of salt and alkali stresses on growth, osmotic adjustment and ionic balance of an alkali-resistant halophyte Suaeda glauca (Bge.) Plant Growth Regulat. 56 179 190 Zhao

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Chengyan Yue, R. Karina Gallardo, James J. Luby, Alicia L. Rihn, James R. McFerson, Vicki McCracken, Nnadozie Oraguzie, Cholani Weebadde, Audrey Sebolt, and Amy Iezzoni

instrument. Producer interviews were conducted over the phone or in person. Specifically, producers were asked how they made decisions about which varieties to grow, the major use/market of their products (fresh, processed, etc.), where they obtained their

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Shuoli Zhao, Chengyan Yue, James Luby, Karina Gallardo, Vicki McCracken, James McFerson, and Desmond R. Layne

we aim to fill this knowledge gap. Specifically, in this study, we investigate producers’ WTP for peach fruit attributes and explore the potential producer segments by region, farm size, and use of final products (fresh vs. processed). The information

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Jiwon Jeong, Jeffrey K. Brecht, Donald J. Huber, and Steven A. Sargent

The increase in consumer demand for fresh-cut produce has prompted increased research interest in devising and implementing methods for improving and prolonging the quality of these highly perishable products. Fresh-cut fruit products have limited

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Jessica L. Gilbert, James W. Olmstead, Thomas A. Colquhoun, Laura A. Levin, David G. Clark, and Howard R. Moskowitz

more than $100,000 were the most likely income group to purchase blueberries and therefore also have increased exposure to the product ( Fresh Trends, 2011 , 2012 , 2013 ). Additionally, from 3 years of The Packer’s Fresh Trends (2011 , 2012 , 2013

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Aline Coelho Frasca, Monica Ozores-Hampton, John Scott, and Eugene McAvoy

highlights from the University of Florida tomato breeding program Proc. Florida Tomato Inst. 53 9 10 Seminis 2014 Products—Fresh-market tomatoes. 24 May 2014. < http://www.seminis.com/global/us/products/Pages/FreshMarketTomatoesFlorida47R.aspx > Tijskens, L