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Yahia A. Othman and Daniel I. Leskovar

Polyethylene mulch is widely used for intensive vegetable production worldwide as a tool to control weeds, conserve water, and produce earlier and cleaner products (i.e., less attached soil). Mulched land area has increased during the past two

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Christos Lykas, Constantinos Kittas, Nikolaos Katsoulas, and Maria Papafotiou

Heins, 2002 ). One of the limitations of photoselective (P) polyethylene (PE) films is that they reduce photosynthetic photon flux density ( PPFD ) affecting the photosynthetic rate of the plants ( Wilson and Rajapakse, 2001 ). Furthermore, light

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Huan Zhang, Lisa Wasko DeVetter, Edward Scheenstra, and Carol Miles

2.5 cm by 2.0 cm impermeable polyethylene plastic zip-lock bag (S-15165; Uline, Pleasant Prairie, WI), weighed using an electronic analytic balance (AJ100; Mettler Toledo, Columbus, OH), and the dry weight was recorded before the harvest. For each

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Rahmatallah Gheshm and Rebecca Nelson Brown

. Farmers commonly use black plastic mulch to increase the yield and quality of vegetable crops ( DoVale and Medeiros, 2012 ). Black polyethylene mulch is known to increase soil temperatures ( Tarara, 2000 ) and decrease weed competition ( Lamont, 1993

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H.C. Wien, P.L. Minotti, and V.P. Grubinger

Abbreviation: PE, polyethylene. 1 Professor. 2 Associate Professor. 3 Former Graduate Assistant Current address: Univ. of Vermont Extension Service, Box 2430, Brattleboro, VT 05301. Cornell Univ. Dept. of Fruit and Vegetable Science paper no. 21

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Dennis R. Decoteau

leaves removed ( Decoteau, 1990 ). Various cultural practices and environmental factors have profound effects on crop development resulting in modified overall canopy structure and appearance. In commercial tomato production, polyethylene (plastic

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Gilbert Miller

recommendations can be made. A University of Georgia Extension publication ( Coolong, 2020 ) states that much of the acreage of hemp grown for floral material is being produced using polyethylene mulch and drip irrigation with early spring plantings on black

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Margarita Velandia, Karen L. DeLong, Annette Wszelaki, Susan Schexnayder, Christopher Clark, and Kimberly Jensen

Polyethylene mulch is traditionally used in the production of some fruits and vegetables to maintain soil moisture and increase soil temperature, control weeds, improve crop quality, and increase yield ( Emmert, 1957 ). In the United States, 1

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Sanjeev K. Bangarwa, Jason K. Norsworthy, and Edward E. Gbur

, has been widely used under polyethylene mulch for effective weed control in vegetable production, including bell pepper ( Duniway, 2002 ). However, because of its ozone-depleting potential, methyl bromide is being phased out from the U.S. agricultural

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Bielinski M. Santos, James P. Gilreath, and Myriam N. Siham

Polyethylene-mulched vegetables are planted on ≈70,000 acres in Florida ( Olson, 2004 ). One of the main problems in plasticulture is nutsedge control, because of its ability to penetrate through mulch films and to reduce crop yields severely