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Luis J. Belmonte-Ureña, Jose A. Garrido-Cardenas, and Francisco Camacho-Ferre

Since 1000 bce , the Chinese have been grafting woody plants. Aristotle (384–322 bce ) published works describing grafting practices in detail. For the Roman Empire, grafting was a regular technique, and the Romans used different grafting methods

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Chen-Yen Chang and Ping-Kun Chen

The purpose of this paper was to report the effects of window views and indoor plants on human psychophysiological response in workplace environments. The effects of window views and indoor plants were recorded by measuring participant's electromyography (EMG), electroencephalography (EEG), blood volume pulse (BVP), and stateanxiety. Photo Impact 5.0 was used to simulate the environment in an office, where six conditions were examined: 1) window with a view of a city, 2) window with a view of a city and indoor plants, 3) window with a view of nature, 4) window with a view of nature and indoor plants, 5) office without a window view, and 6) office without a window view and indoor plants. Participants were less nervous or anxious when watching a view of nature and/or when indoor plants were present. When neither the window view nor the indoor plants were shown, participants suffered the highest degree of tension and anxiety.

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David M. Olszyk, Tamotsu Shiroyama, Jeffrey M. Novak, Keri B. Cantrell, Gilbert Sigua, Donald W. Watts, and Mark G. Johnson

human diets ( Broadley and White, 2010 ; White and Brown, 2010 ). Soils supply nutrients, which are essential to plants ( Brady, 1974 ). Thus, soil fertility, including amendments such as fertilizer, which affect the availability of these nutrients, is

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Ellen T. Paparozzi, Neil Mattson, Mara Grossman, Stephanie Burnett, and Roberto Lopez

Floriculture Forum (NFF) was held in Portsmouth, NH, conveniently located in the New England states which were previously known for horticultural businesses that grew cut flowers and potted plants. The 2013 NFF began with a daylong tour of four local growers

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Jennifer Campbell Bradley, Dennis McConnell, Michael Kane, and Grady Miller

Attracting new students into traditional agriculture programs has become increasingly difficult. Offering a survey course as a means for introducing students to agriculture is a concept with popular appeal. As a recruiting effort, and as a method of introducing students to horticulture, the Environmental Horticulture Department at the University of Florida, Gainesville, designed a one-credit course for nonmajors. The course was structured to provide a broad overview of horticulture, emphasizing plant use to enhance interior and exterior environments. The intent was to develop a course somewhat similar to an entry-level course for majors, but with each lecture devoted to a single, self-contained topic. When feasible, hands-on activities were incorporated within the classroom presentation. The course ORH 1030-Plants, Gardens, and You was offered for the first time in Summer 1997. It is now offered every semester. The course has one faculty assigned each semester and various other faculty members, including teaching, research, and extension specialists, participate as guest lecturers. Methods to improve the course are discussed by the faculty presenters and the course coordinator each term. Student response to ORH 1030 has been favorable, ratings are high and enrollment in the course has continued to rise from 30 to our current cap of 100. As a means of ensuring that we are meeting the needs of our students and to aid in targeting potential students, a survey was administered in Spring 2000. Students enrolled in the course were surveyed at the beginning and the end of the semester to gain insight into student demographics, horticulture background and experience, reasons for enrollment in the class, and overall interest in the course.

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Lenny Wells

of frequent orchard turnover, new plantings, unclear distinctions between commercial and hobby plantings, and the difficulty in obtaining precise acreage numbers from producers. The 2012 U.S. Census of Agriculture indicates a total Georgia pecan

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Guo-qing Song, Aaron E. Walworth, and Wayne H. Loescher

intragenic crops ( Ledford, 2013 ); but no cisgenic plants have been reported ( Holme et al., 2013 ). Indeed, it has been suggested that cisgenic or intragenic plants should not be regulated as transgenic but perhaps by a separate, but as yet undefined

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Gary J. Kling, Mark E. Zampardo, and Christopher P. Lindsey

UIPLANTS is a computer-based reference to help identify, culture, and use woody landscape plants for the northern and central United States. The program provides a comprehensive reference to serve the educational and professional communities with more than 8000 high-quality color images and textual descriptions of more than 900 species and cultivars. Special features include a highly flexible slide show and the ability to compare any two images side by side. Student activity can be tracked, creating detailed logs of student use patterns and times.

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Steve McCulloch

153 WORKSHOP 20 (Abstr. 1052-1054) Where Are We with Plant Biotechnology?

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Michele R. Warmund, Jeanne D. Mihail, and Kaley Hensel

Elderberry [ Sambucus nigra L. ssp. canadensis (L.) Bolli] is a high-value crop that is grown and processed into products for niche markets ( Charlebois et al., 2010 ; Mohebalian et al., 2012 ). Elderberry plants are fruit-bearing, multi