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Shanshan Sun, Mengying An, Liebao Han, and Shuxia Yin

irrigation ( Carrow and Duncan, 1998 ; Jiang et al., 2013 ). Perennial ryegrass ( Lolium perenne L.), a cool-season grass, is widely used for home lawns, golf course, urban landscapes, and other sports fields due to its massive root system, strong

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Longxing Hu, Tao Hu, Xunzhong Zhang, Huancheng Pang, and Jinmin Fu

of tomato. However, how GB improves salinity stress resistance in perennial grasses has not been well understood. Perennial ryegrass is one of the most important grass species in temperate climates in the world. It is not only a forage species with

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Sophie Rochefort, Yves Desjardins, David J. Shetlar, and Jacques Brodeur

(arthropod pests, plant diseases, weed invasion) stresses compared with a single species ( Beard, 1973 ; Brede and Duich, 1984 ; Coll and Bottrell, 1994 ). Tall fescue ( Festuca arundinacea Shreb.) and perennial ryegrass ( Lolium perenne L.) are the most

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Christian M. Baldwin, A. Douglas Brede, and Jami J. Mayer

parameters across all recorded dates. Table 1. ‘Replay’ perennial ryegrass turfgrass quality and relative chlorophyll index following various glyphosate application rates and plant growth regulators on 15 July 2010 and 2 Aug. 2012 in Post Falls, ID. Table 2

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Zhongjie Ji, James J. Camberato, Cankui Zhang, and Yiwei Jiang

). Moreover, 6-BA (25 µ m ) promoted leaf elongation rate and decreased Na + concentration in perennial ryegrass cultivar Pinnacle exposed to 14, 21, and 28 d of 250 m m NaCl ( Ma et al., 2016 ). The results suggested a positive role of 6-BA in improving

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Lambert B. McCarty, Raymond K. McCauley, Haibo Liu, F. Wesley Totten, and Joe E. Toler

Overseeding a permanent grass such as bermudagrass with perennial ryegrass complicates spring transition, because perennial ryegrass is usually growing optimally and its upright growth shades the base grass. Although interstand competition between

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John B. Workman, Patrick E. McCullough, F. Clint Waltz, James T. Brosnan, and Gerald M. Henry

events ( Anonymous, 2004 ). Quinclorac, a highly selective auxin herbicide, has shown to be safe when applied at seeding of annual bluegrass ( Poa annua L.), tall fescue ( Festuca arundinacea Schreb.), perennial ryegrass ( Lolium perenne L.), and fine

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Patrick E. McCullough, James T. Brosnan, and Gregory K. Breeden

bluegrass can be selectively controlled in creeping bentgrass ( Agrostis stolonifera L.), perennial ryegrass ( Lolium perenne L.), and tall fescue ( Festuca arundinacea Schreb.) with an acetolactate synthase inhibitor, bispyribac-sodium ( Lycan and Hart

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Christopher A. Proctor, Daniel V. Weisenberger, and Zachary J. Reicher

the seedbed. Experiments were seeded by a handheld shaker jar with various ratios of a KBG blend consisting of 20% each of ‘Odyssey’, ‘Arcadia’, ‘Mercury’, ‘SR2100’, and ‘America’ or a perennial ryegrass blend consisting of 33% each of ‘SR4600

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Peter H. Dernoeden, Steven J. McDonald, and John E. Kaminski

creeping bentgrass [ Agrostis stolonifera L. (CBG)] and perennial ryegrass [ Lolium perenne L. (PRG)]. Ethofumesate [(±)-2-ethoxy-2,3-dihydro-3,3-dimethyl-5-benzofuranyl methanesulfonate (ETHO)] effectively controls annual bluegrass without significant