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Jay Frick, Manette A. Schonfeld, Paul H. Williams, and Cary A. Mitchell

The short time to flower and rapid production cycle of dwarf Brassica lines make it a promising candidate as an oilseed crop for NASA's Controlled Ecological Life Support Systems (CELSS) program. Breeding lines provided by Paul H. Williams are being screened at Purdue University for productivity and yield rate using soilless culture techniques under controlled-environment conditions. The small, irregularly-shaped Brassica seeds did not respond well to conventional methods of germination above the batch hydroponic systems, even when a variety of capillary ticking materials were used. At best, attaining uniformity of seedling stands required transplants, which compromised potential yield rates in terms of mechanical damage and inhibited seedling establishment. Present emphasis is on solid substrate soilless mixtures using passive ticking hydroponics systems. Crop growth rate, harvest index, and overall yield are being compared as a function of planting densities ranging from 117 to 1423 plants/m2 of growing area. Yield parameters are also being evaluated as a function of growth medium and level of ambient CO2 in the growth chamber atmosphere. Research sponsored by NASA Cooperative agreement NCC 2-100.

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André Snyder, Matthew J. Morra, Jodi Johnson-Maynard, and Donald C. Thill

important to sustaining edible-oil, biofuel, and biolubricant production from Brassicaceae oilseed crops ( Bender, 1999 ). One prospective application of BSMs is as soil amendments to control agricultural pests. Plants in the Brassicaceae contain compounds

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Haiying Liang, Bing-Qing Hao, Guo-Chen Chen, Hang Ye, and Jinlin Ma

Camellia is one of the four main oil-bearing trees along with olive, palm, and coconut in the world. Known as “Eastern Olive Oil,” camellia oil shares similar chemical composition with olive oil, with high amounts of oleic acid and linoleic acid and low saturated fats. Camellia was first exploited for edible oil in China more than 1000 years ago. Today, its oil serves as the main cooking oil in China’s southern provinces. Introduction of camellia oil into the Western countries was delayed until the recognition of its many health benefits. Although popularity for the oil has yet to grow outside of China, interest has emerged in commercial production of camellia oil in other countries in recent years. Unlike seed-oil plants that are grown on arable land, oil camellias normally grow on mountain slopes. This allows the new crop to take full usage of the marginal lands. To facilitate promoting this valuable crop as an alternative oil source and selecting promising cultivars for targeted habitats, this paper reviews the resources of oil camellias developed in China, use of by-products from oil-refining process, as well as the progress of developing camellias for oil production in China and other nations.

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Lyn A. Gettys and Dennis J. Werner

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Pablo Velasco, Pilar Soengas, Marta Vilar, Maria Elena Cartea, and Mercedes del Rio

-methoxyglucobrassicin), and one aromatic (gluconasturtiin). Glucosinolate concentration was higher in seeds than in leaves, varying from 3.8-fold in oilseed crops to 7.1-fold in root vegetable crops. Aliphatic glucosinolates predominated in both organs. In seeds

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Elina Yankova-Tsvetkova, Ivanka B. Semerdjieva, Rozalia Nikolova, and Valtcho D. Zheljazkov

The increase in world population and the development of various industries requiring natural raw products are prerequisite for increased production and use of oilseed crops. Major oilseed crops are economically and ecologically important and are

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Yeh-Jin Ahn and Grace Qianhong Chen

Castor ( Ricinus communis L.), a semitropical perennial plant, is a valuable oilseed crop. It is the only commercial source of ricinoleic acid that is used for numerous industrial products (e.g., lubricants, paints, coatings, and plastics

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Grace Q. Chen

development as a new industrial oilseed crop in the southwestern region of the United States, is valued for its unusual HFA in seed. The majority of HFA in L. fendleri is lesquerolic acid (14-hydroxy-eicos- cis -11-enoic acid: 20:1OH) ( Smith et al., 1961

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Harbans L. Bhardwaj and Anwar A. Hamama

oilseed crop 122 126 Janick J. Whipkey A. Trends in new crops and uses ASHS Press Alexandria, VA SAS 1996 SAS system for Windows SAS Institute, Inc Cary, NC Starner, D.E. Bhardwaj, H

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Yingchao Lin, Dejun Kong, Zhihong Wang, Yi Chen, Zhixiao Yang, Chun Wu, Hui Yang, and Lili Chen

natural products with biological activity and have been considered a source of glycerides as well as biodiesel ( Frega et al., 1991 ; Popova et al., 2018 ; Xie et al., 2011 ). Specifically, tobacco is an oilseed crop with an oil yield ranging from 30% to