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Craig D. Stanley and Gurpal Toor

that is used sets the potential for subsequent water and nutrient use efficiency. Although all irrigation system methods differ in degree of efficiency of application ( Smajstrla et al., 2002a ), improper design or operation of any system can further

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Xin Zhao, Qianqian Dong, Shubang Ni, Xiyong He, Hai Yue, Liang Tao, Yanli Nie, Caixian Tang, Fusuo Zhang, and Jianbo Shen

crop management in the orchard with root/rhizosphere-based nutrient management. Enhancing nutrient-use efficiency through optimizing fertilizer input, improving fertilizer formulation, and maximizing biological interaction effects helps develop healthy

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Michelle S. McGinnis, Stuart L. Warren, and Ted E. Bilderback

nutrient contents, nutrient budgets, and nutrient use efficiencies (nitrogen and phosphorus). A nutrient budget was developed for each treatment to quantify the water-soluble fate of N and P added as CRF and VC. Recovered nutrient (RN) for N (RN N ) and P

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Tyler C. Hoskins, James S. Owen Jr., and Alex X. Niemiera

Maximizing nutrient use efficiency and minimizing leaching and non-point source contributions through runoff have been persistent challenges in containerized crop production that drive both researchers and growers to develop new technologies and

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Laura Jalpa, Rao S. Mylavarapu, George J. Hochmuth, Alan L. Wright, and Edzard van Santen

652 Baligar, V.C. Fageria, N.K. He, Z.L. 2001 Nutrient use efficiency in plants Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal. 32 921 950 Carpenter, S.R. Caraco, N.F. Correll, D.L. Howarth, R.W. Sharpley, A.N. Smith, V.H. 1998 Nonpoint pollution of surface waters with

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Jonathan M. Frantz

conditions? In cases in which fertigation (the combination of fertilization and irrigation through the use of water-soluble fertilizer) is used, will water and nutrient use efficiency be impacted as DLI is altered as a result of shading to help cool a

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David R. Bryla

the early nutrition of vegetable crops: A review of the implications for the yield and quality of crops, and their nutrient use efficiency Acta Hort. 852 177 187 Cook, R.J. Ownley, B.H. Zhang, H. Vakoch, D. 2000 Influence of paired-row spacing and

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Theocharis Chatzistathis, Ioannis Therios, and Dimitrios Alifragis

internal nutrient use efficiency is also another property that one genotype should have under those conditions ( Jiang, 2006 ; Jiang and Ireland, 2005 ). For the olive tree, although it is considered a species with great capacity to survive and produce

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Monica Ozores-Hampton, Francesco Di Gioia, Shinjiro Sato, Eric Simonne, and Kelly Morgan

pollution and improve the crop water and nutrient use efficiency (NUE), and in response to the Federal Total Maximum Daily Load mandate described in the Federal Clean Water Act ( U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 2010 ), the Florida Department of

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Robert L. Mikkelsen

). Nutrient use efficiency is a goal that is commonly discussed, but this term has many different definitions and they vary greatly with the temporal consideration. Examples of these definitions are given in Table 2 to illustrate the need for precise