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Susan Barton, Tom Ilvento, and Jo Mercer

Keeping up with cultural issues, recruiting new employees, motivating employees, and weed control were the issues most frequently cited as “very serious” or “somewhat serious” by surveyed members of the nursery and landscape industry. The focus of important issues changed somewhat based on the type of business. Retailers were more concerned with marketing and less concerned with plant maintenance. Pesticide regulation was more important to firms that provide some form of plant maintenance for consumers. Small firms were less concerned with employee issues, and large firms were more concerned with regulation. The most desirable method of receiving information was still printed materials, but firms with equipment (i.e., facsimile machines, computers) were more likely (30%) to use these forms of communication. E-mail was a very popular form of communication with firms that had e-mail access. Technology-oriented communication will probably increase in popularity as more firms gain access to technology.

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James A. Gagliardi and Mark H. Brand

programs aimed at reducing the impact of invasive ornamental plants. This survey focuses on the opinions related to ornamental invasive plants by members of the Connecticut nursery and landscape industry. Debate about ornamental invasive plants has been

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Allen D. Owings

The LSU Agricultural Center and Louisiana Nursery and Landscape Association initiated an ornamental plant promtion, marketing, and recommendation program in 1996. Called `Louisiana Select', this program is intended to actively promote outstanding ornamental plants to Louisiana's gardening consumers. In addition, it provides county agents and industry professionals information on plants that should be recommended. The selection committee consists of an extension horticulturist, two county agents, a landscape contractor, a wholesale greenhouse grower, a wholesale woody ornamental producer, and two representatives from retail garden centers. Plants are usually promoted in the spring and fall of each year. Plants previously named as Louisiana Select recipients include `New Orleans Red' (Red Ruffle) coleus, mayhaw, `Henry's Garnet' virginia sweetspire, `Homestead Purple' perennial verbena, `Telstar' dianthus, bald cypress, `New Gold' lantana, `Confetti' lantana, `Trailing Purple' lantana, `Dallas Red' lantana, `Silver Mound' lantana, `Lady in Red' salvia, `New Wonder' scaevola, `Goldsturm' rudbeckia, and `Foxy' fox-glove. A theme (“Fall is for Planting Native Trees”) has also been promoted. Point of purchase signs promoting the Louisiana Select program and individual plants are made available to garden centers. Significant sales increases ranging from 300% to 2500% have been reported for seelcted plants with annual bedding plants and perennial flowers enjoying the greater sales volume increases.

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Jeffrey F. Derr

Chemical weed control is an important weed management option in nursery crop production and landscape maintenance. Improved methods of herbicide delivery can increase efficacy of chemical control and minimize off-site movement, applicator exposure, and incorrect herbicide application. Certain innovative technologies show potential for addressing these issues in the nursery industry. Slow-release herbicide tablets have shown promise in container production. Horticultural collars, treated paper, and treated mulch are potential ways of applying herbicides in container crop production and/or landscape maintenance. Horticultural collars contain herbicides between two layers of a carrier such as a landscape fabric. A rapidly degradable paper can be pretreated with an herbicide for a precise application rate. Mulch can be treated with a herbicide prior to use in the landscape for improved weed control. Herbicides applied through the clip-cut pruning system could control weeds selectively in nurseries and landscapes. Each of these methods may address one or more concerns about off-site movement, calibration, and applicator exposure to pesticides.

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David M. Czarnecki II, Amanda J. Hershberger, Carol D. Robacker, David G. Clark, and Zhanao Deng

over at least two seasons or two sites. A number of ornamental plants in the United States are like L . camara , having tremendous value to the U.S. nursery and landscape industry yet but posing considerable invasive potential that could cause

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Margaret R. Pooler

The U.S. National Arboretum has released over 650 new plant cultivars since it was established in 1927. A key to the success of the plant breeding program has been the voluntary participation of universities and private nurseries in evaluating and propagating new plant material. The cooperative evaluation and stock increase programs play a critical role in the successful testing, introduction, and distribution of new cultivars of landscape trees and shrubs. These integrated cooperative programs depend on the involvement of nurserymen, researchers, botanic gardens, or individuals to evaluate potential new cultivars under diverse climatic conditions and hardiness zones, and wholesale propagation nurseries to increase stock of those cultivars destined for release.

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Mohammed I. Fetouh, Abdul Kareem, Gary W. Knox, Sandra B. Wilson, and Zhanao Deng

huge impact and meet the nursery and landscape industry’s need for plant materials, horticulturists have been searching for cultivars with reduced invasive potential ( Knox and Wilson, 2006 ; Trueblood et al., 2010 ; Wilson and Mecca, 2003 ; Wilson

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Hannah M. Mathers, Alejandra A. Acuña, Donna R. Long, Bridget K. Behe, Alan W. Hodges, John J. Haydu, Ursula K. Schuch, Susan S. Barton, Jennifer H. Dennis, Brian K. Maynard, Charles R. Hall, Robert McNeil, and Thomas Archer

's heavy reliance on labor and the need to provide technical information to workers for advancement opportunities are evident. The U.S. nursery and landscape industry is a maturing industry with average growth rates slowing from 14% (1970s), 10% (1980s), 5

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Mark H. Brand, Leslie Woodward, and Susan M. Mulgrew

Funding reductions have left many Extension field and specialist positions unfilled when they are vacated. In New England, severe economic downturns have made this situation acute and have forced Extension programs to find innovative and more efficient ways of delivering information to clientele groups. The nursery and landscape industries comprise a major agricultural sector in New England whose needs must be met to maintain agriculture in the region. Yankee Nursery Quarterly was developed as a regional effort to draw upon nursery and related expertise from the six New England states. Yankee Nursery Quarterly provides information in the areas of nursery and Christmas tree production, landscaping, arboriculture, garden center operation and turfgrass four times annually. The publication format deviates from the standard 8 ½″ by 11″ size and uses 2 color printing, a four-column layout and black and white photography to provide a recognizable, informative and visually appealing product.

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Kimberly A.M. Philp and Mark H. Brand

The growth of the ornamental plant industry has rapidly increased over the past several years, creating a strong demand for well-trained graduates and industry workers. It is vital for a person entering this industry to have a solid and broad plant material background. The best ways to learn, sell, and teach plants are through visual materials. Currently, there are few cost-effective resources that provide a person with all the visual information needed to learn plants. To better serve the students and industry workers, the Univ. of Connecticut has developed a free multimedia ornamental plant database on the World Wide Web. The plant database focuses on plants for the New England area (USDA zone 6 and lower). This website brings detailed textual information, thousands of pictures, and audio pronunciations together in one complete package. Plant characteristic information (textual and pictorial) consists of habitat, habit and form, summer foliage, autumn foliage, flowers, fruit, bark, culture, landscape uses, liabilities, ID features, propagation, and cultivar/variety. The major factors and decision processes involved in developing an educational Web site, with emphasis on usability and accessibility are considered. The target audience for this Web site is students as well as the nursery and landscape industry workers, agricultural consultants, extension personnel, landscape architects, and the gardening public.