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Fanjuan Meng, Ruoding Wang, Mu Peng, Chao Wang, Zhongkui Wang, Fachun Guan, and Yajun Li

Kongpo Monkshood ( Aconitum kongboense L.), native to China, are mostly used as folk medicine to treat arthritis pain ( Meng et al., 2014 ; Xiao et al., 2006 ). It has a large genus with ≈300 species that widespread distribute in the temperate

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Michael S. Dosmann

Aconitum sinomontanum is a robust perennial monkshood native to China that shows promise as a cultivated ornamental. However, nothing has been reported about the germination requirements of the species, and little is known about the requirements of the genus as a whole. The objective of this study was to test the influence of stratification (moist prechilling) on germination of A. sinomontanum seeds. The seeds were from wild-collected plants of identical provenance growing at the Arnold Arboretum (Jamaica Plain, Mass.). After harvest and before stratification, seeds were stored dry at 38 °F (3.3 °C) and percentage germination was assessed after seeds were stratified, also at 38 °F, for 0, 21, 42, or 84 days. It is likely that stratification is required for seeds of this species to germinate, as unstratified seeds failed to germinate through the duration of the experiment (73 days). The highest level of germination (90.8%) was achieved after 84 days of stratification, and as length of stratification increased, so did percentage germination and indices of peak value and germination value. Days to maximum germination decreased with additional days of chilling. Growers wishing to germinate seed of this species should stratify seed for 3 months to achieve the highest level of germination.

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Shawn D. Lyons, William B. Miller, H. Christian Wien, and Neil S. Mattson

optimal storage bulb size for forcing. Luria et al. (1992) found monkshood ( Aconitum napellus ) marketability was heavily influenced by tuber size. The number of flowers per inflorescence increased more than 4-fold from the smallest to the largest

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Ben A. Bergmann, John M. Dole, and Ingram McCall

spicata ), monkshood ( Aconitum napellus ), and peony ( Paeonia suffruticosa ) as reported by Wanjao and Waithaka (1983) , Lurie et al. (1992) , and GuoSheng et al. (2009) , respectively. With other species, such as cut poinsettia ( Euphorbia

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Huan Xiong, Feng Zou, Sujuan Guo, Deyi Yuan, and Genhua Niu

. Zhang, D.Y. Liao, W.J. 2012 The role of late-acting self-incompatibility and early acting inbreeding depression in governing female fertility in Monkshood, Aconitum kusnezoffii PLoS One 10 e47034 Hokanson, K. Hancock, J. 2000 Early acting inbreeding