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Astrid Kubatsch, Heiner Grüneberg, and Christian Ulrichs

, leaves had higher chlorophyll content than leaves of plants grown in the sun ( Lance and Guy, 1992 ; Reyes et al., 1996 ). The leaf thickness of Pelargonium × hortorum was reduced by increasing temperatures from 10 °C to 32 °C ( Armitage et al., 1981

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Bau-Show Lin and Yann-Jou Lin

, and leaf thickness of the 12 species of plants, were examined. According to Lu et al. (2000) , the leaves of those trees could be classified by dark green or light green color, smooth surface or rough surface, and thin or thick leaf thickness. Ten

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Jia-yi Wang, Jian-shuang Shen, Mengmeng Gu, Jia Wang, Tang-ren Cheng, Hui-tang Pan, and Qi-xiang Zhang

the thickness of the whole leaf, upper epidermis, lower epidermis, and palisade and spongy parenchyma. The ratio of the palisade thickness to leaf thickness (CTR = palisade thickness/leaf thickness) was calculated ( Jiang et al., 2012 ; Kong et al

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Alefsi David Sánchez-Reinoso, Gustavo Adolfo Ligarreto-Moreno, and Hermann Restrepo-Díaz

., 2010 ). In addition, water deficit favors MDA production, and higher levels of this biomarker suggest susceptible genotypes ( Moussa and Abdel-Aziz, 2008 ). On the other hand, leaf thickness is another important trait to quantify the effect of water

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Qinglu Ying, Yun Kong, and Youbin Zheng

Runkle, 2019 ; Meng et al., 2019 ). Although lowering B percentage in daytime RB-LED lighting sometimes can also promote plant height, the effects vary with species, and also can compromise other growth metrics, such as reducing leaf thickness, relative

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Rashad M. Balal, Muhammad M. Khan, Muhammad A. Shahid, Neil S. Mattson, Tahira Abbas, Muhammad Ashfaq, Franscisco Garcia-Sanchez, Usman Ghazanfer, Vicente Gimeno, and Zafar Iqbal

used (i.e., samples were collected from each experimental unit). Determination of shoot/root biomass and leaf thickness For estimation of shoot/root biomass, the plants were harvested carefully from the pots and washed with distilled water. The fresh

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Chao-Yi Lin and Der-Ming Yeh

and percentage of opening stomata (numbers of opening stomata/total stomata number) were determined. Samples were taken from all plants, each with 10 replications per plant. The seventh 1eaf was cross-sectioned to measure leaf thickness. Shoots and

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Jiangbo Dang, Tingrong Wu, Guolu Liang, Di Wu, Qiao He, and Qigao Guo

grass species showed that CO 2 assimilation rate per unit leaf area was positively correlated with leaf thickness and with the amount of mesophyll per unit leaf area (Garnier et al., 2010). Leaf thickness and chlorophyll contents per unit leaf area were

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Neil S. Mattson and W. Roland Leatherwood

growing point measured with a caliper (apical diameter); leaf thickness of five most recently expanded (MRE) leaves per plant, measured with a caliper at the middle of the leaf but not including the midrib; diameter of five flowers per plant, at the stage

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Jingjin Yu, Mengxian Liu, Zhimin Yang, and Bingru Huang

. Different letters indicate significant differences based on lsd test ( P ≤ 0.05) between the same treatment in C . The vertical bar over each column was se for four replicates in C . Specific leaf area as an indicator of leaf thickness has often been