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Jacob Mashilo, Hussein Shimelis, Alfred Odindo and Beyene Amelework

., 2007 ; van Wyk, 2011 ). In the country, small-holder farmers grow unimproved landraces, which exhibit great morphological diversity with respect to fruit and seed morphology. Despite the possible genetic variability and potential use of bottle gourd in

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Zhengwang Jiang, Feiyan Tang, Hongwen Huang, Hongju Hu and Qiliang Chen

origin of the genus Pyrus ( Rubtsov, 1944 ). There are very many landraces (local cultivars) of P . pyrifolia owing to nearly 3000 years of cultivation and the complex climatic and geographical variation in China. Many landraces have unique traits

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Guillermo Padilla, María Elena Cartea and Amando Ordás

To preserve and characterize Galician (northwestern Spain) landraces of the genus Brassica L., a germplasm bank has been created at the Misión Biológica de Galicia (MBG), part of the Spanish Council for Scientific Research. To date, 246

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Supriyo Basak, Guangyan Wang, Xudong Sun and Yongping Yang

). Unfortunately, intraspatial GS variation among landraces that adapted to cultivation in QTP and YP is rarely investigated. In this study, we investigated GS variation between the landraces grown in QTP and YP at the intraspatial scale. In flowering plants

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Laura Rodriguez-Uribe, Luz Hernandez, James P. Kilcrease, Stephanie Walker and Mary A. O’Connell

and maintained by the villages and pueblos of New Mexico to become landraces named for those locations, e.g., Chimayo, Alcalde, and Isleta. Landraces are likely to be genetically heterogeneous with good adaptation to the specific farming system and

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Beibei Li, Jianfu Jiang, Xiucai Fan, Ying Zhang, Haisheng Sun, Guohai Zhang and Chonghuai Liu

Indication Products in Jianshi County, Hubei Province, is highly accepted by the consumer ( Giovannucci et al., 2009 ; Li et al., 2014 ). In recent years, with the continuous development of modern agriculture, growers abandoned the landrace varieties and

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Li-Qiang Tan, Xin-Yu Wang, Hui Li, Guan-Qun Liu, Yao Zou, Shen-Xiang Chen, Ping-Wu Li and Qian Tang

landrace population that developed from selected seeds (also called as Jats, Chen et al., 2007 ). Currently, clonal tea plantations are more prevalent because of the higher yield and uniform quality, and nearly, all newly developed tea plantations are

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Jacob Mashilo, Hussein Shimelis, Alfred Odindo and Beyene Amelework

States ( Ma and Wehner, 2015 ; Mujaju et al . , 2010 ; Tetteh et al . , 2010 ; Thies et al . , 2015 ). Furthermore, dessert and citron watermelon landrace collections of South Africa have been reported to be sources of resistance for many important

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Narinder P.S. Dhillon, Supannika Sanguansil, Roland Schafleitner, Yen-Wei Wang and James D. McCreight

strong forces in a reduction of genetic diversity in commercially grown bitter gourd cultivars. Improved hybrid cultivars lead to further reduction in genetic diversity through displacement of landraces. For example, a significant bitter gourd area in

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Noémi Makovics-Zsohár, Magdolna Tóth, Dezső Surányi, Szilvia Kovács, Attila Hegedűs and Júlia Halász

climatic conditions, they show elevated resistance to pests and diseases, and they are also characterized by special organoleptic qualities ( Sehic et al., 2015 ). Maintenance of landraces and traditional cultivars may help in these serving as valuable gene