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Raymond A. Cloyd, Daniel F. Warnock, and Keith Holmes

An affordable device comprised of off-the-shelf parts, initially called the “Small Insect Aspirator” was developed to gently collect western flower thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande), from a rearing colony for use in insecticide efficacy trials. This device allows for a designated number of thrips to be placed onto any experimental test plant. The device is a battery-motorized driven aspirator comprised of two pieces of copper tubing (6.0 mm in diameter) attached to a copper housing, which contains a threaded plastic lid and glass vial (20-mL). The aspirator is fully portable when attached to a battery-driven vacuum device, which allows researchers to efficiently collect thrips in outdoor field situations. When turned on, the vacuum gently pulls western flower thrips (adult and larval stages) through the copper tubing and deposits them into the collection vial. The vial is then detached and sealed with a threaded lid until the collected thrips are deposited onto experimental test plants.

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Lea Corkidi, Jeff Bohn, and Mike Evans

is important to assess the impact of pesticides on the mycorrhizal association. The insecticide bifenthrin is a synthetic pyrethroid used for the production of nursery crops to suppress the red imported fire ant in quarantined areas of Orange and

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Carlos R. Quesada, Adam Witte, and Clifford S. Sadof

of insecticidal soap and horticultural oil ( Quesada and Sadof, 2017 ). For this reason, we hypothesize that armored and soft scales could respond differently to other pesticides with that share a mode of action. In addition, we hypothesize that

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Shital Poudyal and Bert M. Cregg

general, pesticides are compounds designed to control pests that damage crops. In nursery crops, the most widely used pesticides are herbicides, insecticides, and fungicides. Nematicides and rodenticides may also be applied in certain cases. Pesticides are

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Raymond A. Cloyd

Pesticides, in this case, insecticides and miticides, are the primary means of controlling arthropod (insect and mite) pests encountered in greenhouse production systems, including greenhouse whitefly ( Trialeurodes vaporariorum ), sweetpotato

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Carlos R. Quesada and Clifford S. Sadof

Insecticidal soap and horticultural oil have been used since the late 1800s to manage soft-bodied insect pests of fruits, shade trees, and ornamental plants ( Weinzierl, 2000 ). Insecticidal soaps are made of a potassium salt of a plant

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Alicia Rihn and Hayk Khachatryan

Recently, research on pollinator insects has escalated due to reports on declining pollinator populations. Previous studies on pollinator insects and their services have focused on the impacts of insecticides ( Fairbrother et al., 2014 ; Goulson

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Gunbharpur Singh Gill and Juang Horng Chong

operations continue to rely on highly intensive insecticide application programs ( Hoddle and Van Driesche, 1996 ; Stevens et al., 2000 ; Vafaie et al., 2021 ). Drench and/or foliar applications of neonicotinoids and other systemic or translaminar

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Raymond A. Cloyd and Joshua D. Gillespie

Maini, 1995 ). The primary means of dealing with western flower thrips in greenhouse production systems is the use of insecticides ( Herron and James, 2005 ; Lewis, 1997 ; Parrella and Murphy, 1996 ). However, greenhouse producers are continually

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James D. Spiers, Fred T. Davies Jr., Chuanjiu He, Carlos E. Bográn, Kevin M. Heinz, Terri W. Starman, and Amanda Chau

donation of insecticides used in this study. We also greatly appreciate Yin Tung Wang for review of this paper. Financial support was provided in part by the USDA-National Research Initiative for Floriculture Research, grant #58-6204-0.106, the American