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Yukihiro Fujime

There are many indigenous vegetables in Japan. Japan is an island nation and has many vegetables transferred from tropical Asia with ancient origin. The geographic situation of Japan is complex with the presence of high mountainous zones on the

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Kim E. Hummer

of Vaccinium in North America. Compiled from Vander Kloet (1988 ). The focus of this article is to summarize native peoples’ historical uses of the ≈30 Vaccinium species ( Table 1 ) indigenous to North America, the precursors to our cultivated

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Jules Janick

World crops with particular relevance to horticulture. Table 1. Selected crops indigenous to the New World. NEW WORLD CROPS Grains and pseudograins Various grains and pseudograins were domesticated in the New World, including maize ( Zea mays ), amaranth

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Bhimanagouda S. Patil, G.K. Jayaprakasha, and Amit Vikram

., 2009 ). Indigenous vegetables have long been a vital component of the traditional diet in Asian and African countries. In contrast, food habits in the European and American countries are centered on meat, poultry, and dairy products. Although the

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Ildikó Hernádi, Zita Sasvári, Jana Albrechtová, Miroslav Vosátka, and Katalin Posta

inoculants on growth and development of horticultural plants ( Cwala et al., 2010 ; Gaur et al., 1998 ) and to study their influence on indigenous mycorrhiza population ( Antunes et al., 2009 ; Mummey et al., 2009 ). The aim of the present work was to

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Beiquan Mou and Guangyao Wang

Horticultural Sciences organized a workshop, “Asia’s Indigenous Horticultural Crops,” at the 2009 annual conference of the society in St. Louis, MO. The papers from pages 819–838 in this issue are adapted from presentations at the workshop. Asia has a fast

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W.B. Evans and D.D. Warncke

Single-plant microplots of `Russet Norkotah' potatoes (Solanum tuberosum L.) were grown outdoors in a 5 × 5 factorial RCBD of indigenous phosphorous level (200, 325, 450, 575, 700 kg·ha-1 Bray-Kurtz Pl extractable; McBride sandy loam) and banded triple super phosphate (0, 50, 100, 150, 200 kg P2O5/ha). Disease in the low P soil that was used to create the four lower P soil blends completely confounds response of the plants across indigenous P levels and might have accentuated responses within levels. Plants responded to fertilizer P with tuber yield increases of 100, 70, 40, and 10 percent within the 200, 325, 450, and 575 indigenous P levels, respectively. Fertilizer P also increased marketable yield and tuber P concentration. Neither indigenous nor fertilizer P altered tuber specific gravity.

Companion studies compare the responses of corn (Zea mays L.) and potato to indigenous soil P levels and quantify P uptake among potato cultivars in solution culture.

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John Erwin, Tanveer Hussein, and David J. Baumler

attributes differed among outdoor-grown pepper varieties that differed in parental species and indigenous climates. Previous studies of Capsicum focused on differences in photosynthetic and water use attributes among species only or varieties within a

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Robert A. Cox and James E. Klett

Abstract

Forty-five indigenous Western plants, mostly herbaceous perennials, were transplanted into a field plot and evaluated for water requirements and landscape value. The majority of species showed no significant differences in growth between irrigated and nonirrigated treatments. Several species are suggested for use as ornamentals in dryland or low-maintenance situations.

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Marutani M. and E. Manalastas

The growth pouch method and test-tube method were compared to determine to most probable number of indigenous rhizobia population on the island of Guam. Soil samples were collected from three locations, with soil types of Akina, Pulantat, and Guam cobbly clay. Macroptilium atropurpureum and Leucaena leucocephala were used as indicator plants of Bradyrhizobium spp. and Rhizobium spp., respectively. An advantage of the test-tube method is requiring less replenishment of N-free solution during the incubation period. The modified method is used in classrooms to demonstrate the phenomenon of biological N fixation by leguminous plants.