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Melanie Stock

article is to 1) share recommendations for key activities on Instagram and attainable goal setting, 2) discuss metrics for quantifying successes and impact, and 3) reflect on novel opportunities. Methods for sharing information Information, or content, can

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Chanjin Chung, Tracy A. Boyer, Marco Palma, and Monika Ghimire

, or on a national basis ( Haydu et al., 2006 ). However, no studies have provided potential economic and social impacts of improving turfgrass on regional markets. Our study estimates the potential economic impact of the improved varieties on the

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Sheng Li, Feng Wu, Yongping Duan, Ariel Singerman, and Zhengfei Guan

impact of HLB in Florida, since the 2016–17 season, California has become the largest citrus producer in the United States. California produces over 80% of the nation’s fresh oranges despite HLB being discovered in California in 2012. Since then, many

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Kerrie B. Badertscher* and Carol A. O'Meara

Since the 1970's, the Colorado Master Gardenersm (MG) program in Boulder County has had volunteer opportunities external to the extension office site. Collaboration occurs with various green industry locations via “clinics”. Volunteers are on location Friday through Sunday, April through mid-July to answer questions for the public at large. Due to the length of time this program had been in place, the staff time and resources committed to it, and budget cutbacks, need for a study of impact and effectiveness of this program was identified. A three-year study was conducted to determine efficacy, pertinence and should this system remain status quo. In year 1, a sampling of the general public was conducted to determine: behavioral change as a result of receiving information (such as a diagnosis); was the information delivered in a timely fashion; satisfaction level; pesticide usage trends; continuance of this program and other data points. In year 2, active MG's in Boulder County were surveyed about participation at various facilities, information about clientele activity, and success rate with clients. Additionally, their comfort level on ability to assist clients plus their perception of the value of clinics to the community were surveyed. Data on diagnostics was correlated with weekly statistics. In year 3, partnering Green Industry collaborators were surveyed to gauge satisfaction with clinic service, timeliness of clinic schedule, and value of clinic service to business, and overall benefits to their staff resources. Reports on each survey will be delivered.

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Tomás Martínez-Trinidad, W. Todd Watson, and Russell K. Book

Several studies have demonstrated that pruning roots can negatively impact growth and survivability of trees ( Struve et al., 2000 ; Watson, 2004 ; Watson et al., 2000 ). A review of several studies on transplanted trees reveals that canopy growth

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Kim E. Hummer and Jim F. Hancock

plant science, breeding, and conservation efforts. The first is discussed in a separate article ( Folta, 2014 ). The objective of this article is to discuss the other two theories, including their application and impact. Groundwork: Vavilov

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Nancy L. Schulte, Edward J. Timm, and Galen K. Brown

`Redhaven' peaches [Prunus persica (L.) Batsch] were dropped onto several impact surfaces to determine impact conditions that initiate bruising. After impact, the peaches were tested for flesh firmness and sorted into firm, soft, and very soft groups for bruise analysis. The drop height that did not bruise decreased as fruit softened. The peach shoulder area bruised most easily. A drop of only 8 mm onto a hard surface initiated bruising on a soft peach, whereas a Poron 15250 cushion could protect the peach for a ≤85-mm drop. Impact damage threshold estimates were developed for the three flesh firmness conditions. The threshold estimates and impact history information collected by an instrumented sphere can be used to develop handling equipment design and operation guidelines that essentially avoid impact bruises on peaches.

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Dewayne L. Ingram and R. Thomas Fernandez

The consuming public is becoming more concerned about the impact of their purchases and activities on the environment. Special interest groups and marketers are increasing public awareness through news stories and advertisement. Terms such as

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Patricio A. Brevis, Nahla V. Bassil, James R. Ballington, and James F. Hancock

among SHB cultivars; and 3) to estimate the impact of wide hybridization on genetic relatedness and heterozygosity of highbush blueberry. Materials and Methods Pedigree information. Pedigrees of 107 tetraploid highbush blueberry cultivars

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Jinshi Cui, Myongkyoon Yang, Daesik Son, Seongmin Park, and Seong-In Cho

, external bruising of tomatoes has not been clearly described in relation to internal bruising. Most researchers who have studied the influence of impact damage have studied externally visible damage instantly after harvesting or grading. These researchers