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Lisa L. Baxter and Brian M. Schwartz

94 Burton, G.W. 1966b Tifdwarf bermudagrass Crop Sci. 6 94 Burton, G.W. 1981 Tifway II bermudagrass released USGA Green Sect. Rec. 19 8 Burton, G.W. 1991 A history of turf research at Tifton USGA Green Sect. Rec. 29 12 14 Hanna, W.W. 1996 TW-72: A

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James D. Spiers, Claudine A. Jenda and Bridget S. Farrell

quality and is still highly regarded and the most widely planted cultivar along the Gulf Coast. By 1916, there were an estimated 8100 ha of satsumas in south Alabama alone ( Shamel, 1921 ). Histories of Citrus Production by Individual Regions Texas Gulf

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Esmaeil Fallahi, Pontia Fallahi and Shahla Mahdavi

Introduction, history, and concept of Persian gardens Gardens and green spaces have always played a significant role in Iranian history and culture, as evidenced by the gardens of the ancient city of Pasargadae from ≈3000 years ago and the garden of

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Paul Vossen

. Messeri, C. Prevost, G. 1994 Olive tree germplasm: Descriptor list of cultivated varieties in the world Acta Hort. 356 116 118 Blazquez Martínez, J.M. 1996 Evolution and history 17 54 International

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H.J. Hill

The use and improvement of pelleted seed technology has greatly expanded in the last 15 years. Vegetable and flower seeds are pelleted to improve the singulation and planting placement in the field and greenhouse. Improved planting placement increases final-stand establishment, crop uniformity, and decreases seed and production costs. The commercial history of pelleted seed in the U.S. started after WWII with the development of the clay pellet by Filtrol Inc. Seed tablets and seed tape technologies were also developed but faded from the industry with the advent of better pelleted products. Current technology consists of a “splitting” seed pellet that allows for improved oxygenation. Improved technology also allows for pellet weights that can be tailored to meet the planting requirements of different species and planting systems.

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Michael S. Reid and George L. Staby

The brevity of the history of the discovery and commercialization of 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) is a testament to the important physiological effects and commercial use of this compound. However, the story is rooted in the history of modified

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R. Neal Peterson

The pawpaw (Asimina triloba) is a new crop in the early stages of domestication. Recently commercialization has become feasible with the availability of high quality varieties. The history of pawpaw varieties is divided into three periods: 1900-50, 1950-85, and 1985 to the present. The history before 1985 was concerned primarily with the discovery of superior selections from the wild but experienced a serious break in continuity around 1950. The third period has been characterized by greater developmental activity. Larger breeding programs have been pursued, regional variety trials initiated, a germplasm repository established, and a formal research program at Kentucky State University (KSU) instituted. Future breeding will likely rely on dedicated amateurs with the education and means to conduct a 20-year project involving the evaluation of hundreds of trees. For the foreseeable future, governments and universities will not engage in long-term pawpaw breeding.

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David R. Hershey

There are many notable women horticulturists who deserve greater recognition in college horticultural curricula. Ten notable women in horticultural history, listed alphabetically, are,

  1. Jenny Butchart (1868-1950) - Created Butchart Gardens.
  2. Beatrix Farrand (1872-1959) - American landscape gardener, famous for Dumbarton Oaks and many other landscapes.
  3. Annie Jack (1839-1912) - Canadian horticultural author.
  4. Gertrude Jekyll (1843-1932) - English landscape gardener.
  5. Martha Logan (1702/04-1779) - Pioneer nurseryman.
  6. Jane Loudon (1807-1858) - English horticultural author.
  7. Isabella Preston (1881-1965) - Canadian plant breeder.
  8. Theodosia Burr Shepherd (1845-1906)- Pioneer California flower seed grower/breeder and retail florist.
  9. Harriet Williams Russell Strong (1844-1926) - Pioneer in irrigation and in the California walnut industry.
  10. Cynthia Westcott (1898-1983) - The plant doctor.

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Glenn C. Wright

HISTORY, EXPANSION, AND LOCATION OF THE DATE PALM INDUSTRY Palms are of the class Monocotyledonae order Arecales and family Aricaceae . Among the genus Phoenix , there are 13 species of palms, which are native from the Canary Islands east across

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Jules Janick

. He harvested 23 seeds and the rest is history. The seedlings produced variable populations but two had large tubers, and one (# 15) proved to be high-yielding (3 pounds from one plant) with smooth skin, good taste, and long storage. In 1874 he sold