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Xuejuan Chen, Ming Sun, Jianguo Liang, Hui Xue, and Qixiang Zhang

) started to breed new garden chrysanthemums in 1961, hybridizing dwarf cultivars with wild species through mixed pollination or open pollination. After generations of hybridization and selection, groundcover chrysanthemums were developed, and many

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Amy L. Shober, Kimberly A. Moore, Gitta S. Hasing, Christine Wiese, Geoffrey C. Denny, and Gary W. Knox

whether landscape-grown vines and groundcovers will require N fertilizer inputs as common annuals, perennials, or shrubs. Most research evaluating vine or groundcover response to N fertilizer rate was conducted in a nursery production ( Berberich et al

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Giverson Mupambi, Nadia A. Valverdi, Hector Camargo-Alvarez, Michelle Reid, Lee Kalcsits, Tory Schmidt, Felipe Castillo, and Jonathan Toye

to offer protection from some pests and disorders experienced in orchards. Reflective groundcovers are used to influence the orchard microclimate by increasing light penetration into the inner part of the tree canopy. This results in improved fruit

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Susmitha S. Nambuthiri and Dewayne L. Ingram

The demand for groundcover plants in residential and commercial landscapes is increasing due to several reasons, such as aesthetic appeal of masses of these low-growing plants in small- to medium-sized areas of the landscape, enhanced environmental

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Xinhua Yin, Clark F. Seavert, Janet Turner, Roberto Núñez-Elisea, and Helen Cahn

the traditional practice of herbicide applications. Mäge (1982) has demonstrated that polypropylene groundcover could not only control weeds, but also reduce soil water evaporation. Reduced soil water evaporation generally increased soil moisture

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Amaya Atucha, Ian A. Merwin, and Michael G. Brown

Groundcover management systems are important in fruit production to maintain soil tilth and fertility, reduce weed competition for soil nutrients and water, moderate soil temperature and moisture extremes, provide a habitat for beneficial arthropods

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Amaya Atucha, Ian A. Merwin, Chandra K. Purohit, and Michael G. Brown

N immobilization, and soil or groundcover management ( Haynes, 1988 ; Merwin, 2003a ; Merwin et al., 1996 ). A seasonal pattern of nitrate-N losses through leaching has been observed in fertilized orchards with higher N losses during times of year

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Shengrui Yao, Ian A. Merwin, and Michael G. Brown

Orchard floor and groundcover management is an important issue for fruit growers, affecting the ease of orchard operation as well as tree performance and soil quality. Herbicide-treated tree rows with mowed grass drive lanes are the most widely used

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Benjamin D. Anderson, Gary W. Knox, Ann R. Blount, Cheryl L. Mackowiak, and Edward F. Gilman

., 1990 ; Terrill et al., 1996 ). However, its utility as an ornamental groundcover has not been realized. Extensive soil colonization by its rhizomes, which can account for up to 85% of the plant’s biomass ( Williams, 1994 ), make it drought-tolerant and

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Valentina Schmitzer, Robert Veberic, Gregor Osterc, and Franci Stampar

Groundcover rose is one of the most widely used roses in public spaces. Being relatively low maintenance, and having resistance to pests and diseases, winterhardiness, a long blooming period, and compact growth make them an ideal ornamental plant