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Dianiris Luciano-Rosario, Luis A. Cruz-Saavedra, and Dimuth Siritunga

Organization of the United Nations, 2010 ). Genetic diversity studies are an important aspect of conservation as they provide a record of the current variation which is the backbone of any breeding project. The Caribbean Islands are considered a zone of

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Xiao-min Liu, Xin-zhi Zhang, Yi-min Shi, and Dong-qin Tang

diversity in this genus. Genetic diversity in cultivated crops is essential for successful breeding and creation of new cultivars. Information on genetic diversity patterns can provide insight into the conservation, evaluation, and use of the germplasm

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Vanina Cravero, Eugenia Martín, and Enrique Cointry

( Sonnante et al., 2002 ). An understanding of the magnitude and patterns of genetic diversity in crop plants has important implications for breeding programs and for conservation of genetic resources. Estimating the level of genetic diversity is of

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Haiying Zhang, Jianguang Fan, Shaogui Guo, Yi Ren, Guoyi Gong, Jie Zhang, Yiqun Weng, Angela Davis, and Yong Xu

, most breeding programs have relied on the use of established cultivars or elite breeding lines, which resulted in lower genetic diversity within cultivated watermelon, impeding progress of watermelon breeding efforts ( Levi et al., 2004 ). It has been

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Deborah Dean, Phillip A. Wadl, Denita Hadziabdic, William E. Klingeman, Bonnie H. Ownley, Timothy A. Rinehart, Adam J. Dattilo, Brian Scheffler, and Robert N. Trigiano

heterozygosity of native plant populations are of interest to biologists and serve as indicators of local genetic diversity of species in plant and animal communities ( Kati et al., 2004 ; Lindenmayer et al., 1999 ). Viburnum rufidulum has not been genetically

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Zhengwang Jiang, Feiyan Tang, Hongwen Huang, Hongju Hu, and Qiliang Chen

exhaustive collection of local cultivars and landraces of Chinese sand pear has been assembled. Molecular techniques are useful tools for evaluating genetic diversity and for defining genetic relationships in fruit tree crops. In pear, chloroplast polymerase

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Şurhan Göl, Sami Doğanlar, and Anne Frary

take advantage of these genetic resources. To address this problem, the genetic diversity and population structure of 101 Turkish faba bean accessions were analyzed using SSR markers. In addition, a core collection was selected based on genetic

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Jacob Mashilo, Hussein Shimelis, Alfred Odindo, and Beyene Amelework

for desired traits, which relies on the available genetic diversity ( Smith et al., 1991 ). Phenotypic markers have been used to characterize and evaluate bottle gourd genetic resources, which employed various descriptor lists of morphoagronomic traits

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Joseph C. Kuhl and Veronica L. DeBoer

( Jubrael et al., 2005 ; Parks and Moyer, 2004 ; Parks et al., 2006 ). AFLP analysis has been shown to excel at estimating genetic diversity compared with morphological traits ( Roy et al., 2004 ). The objective of this study was to apply the AFLP

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Shuiming Zhang, Zhongshan Gao, Changjie Xu, Kunsong Chen, Guoyun Wang, Jintu Zheng, and Ting Lu

appearance, flavor, and mouth feel ( Joyce, 2007 ; Karp, 2007 , 2008 ). Chinese bayberry is a fruit with a long cultivation history of over 2000 years, but with only a three-decade-long research history. Its genetic diversity is far from being well