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Samuel F. Hutton, John W. Scott, and Gary E. Vallad

effect. Table 3. Effect of two loci on bacterial spot race T4 foliar disease severity in tomato across four populations and two seasons. Resistance to fusarium wilt race 3 was associated with greater susceptibility to bacterial spot in all populations

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Samuel F. Hutton, John W. Scott, and Joshua H. Freeman

tomato cultivars adapted to Florida conditions that have combined tospovirus and fusarium wilt race 3 resistance. ‘Solar Dancer’ has performed consistently well on the peninsula of Florida, where its high yield potential and good fruit marketability make

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Samuel F. Hutton and John W. Scott

reason that the Fla. 7907B background was used instead of Fla. 7907 is because some seed lots of the latter were previously determined to be segregating for resistance to fusarium wilt race 3 ( I-3 ; J.W. Scott, unpublished data); Fla. 7907B is an

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J.W. Scott and J.P. Jones

Forty-two Lycopersicon pennellii Corr. D'Arcy accessions, from the Tomato Genetics Stock Center, were inoculated for resistance to Fusarium wilt race 3 at the 3-leaf and cotyledon stage. All were over 90% healthy when inoculated at the 3-leaf stage but had greater disease incidence at the cotyledon stage. Crosses were made between healthy plants within each accession. Using this seed, 39 accessions were 100% healthy and 3 were over 96% healthy when inoculated at either stage. Seventeen F1's with susceptible parents were tested for race 3 and all had over 80% healthy plants. Twenty-two accessions were tested for Fusarium wilt race 1 and race 2. For race 1, 21 were 100% healthy and 1 was 91% healthy, For race 2, 20 were 100% healthy, 1 was 96% healthy, and 1 was 75% healthy. Forty accessions were screened for Fusarium crown rot and Verticillium wilt. For crown rot, LA 1277, LA 1367, and LA 1657 were over 95% healthy, 6 other accessions were over 68% healthy and several others had over 50% healthy plants, All 40 were susceptible to Verticillium wilt race 1. L. pennellii appears to be a good source of resistance to Fusarium sp. but not to Verticillium wilt.

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John W. Scott*, Hesham A. Agrama, and John P. Jones

Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) line E427 has resistance genes to three races of Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. lycopersici derived from L. pennellii (L.pen) accession LA 716 and L. pimpinellifolium (L.pimp) accession PI 126915. E427 was crossed to susc. Bonny Best and F2 and backcross seed were obtained. Progeny were inoculated separately with Fusarium wilt races 1, 2, or 3. Lines with suspected recombination of resistance were selfed and re-inoculated until disease reactions were homozygous. Four lines were obtained with resistance to both races 2 and 3, but susceptible to race 1. These lines had the L.pen alleles at RFLP markers linked to I-3 on chromosome 7 and lacked L.pimp alleles linked to I and I-2 on chromosome 11. Complementation (F2) data indicated race 2 resistance on chromosome 7 was controlled by a single dominant gene. Three lines were resistant to race 2, but susceptible to races 1 and 3. These lines had L.pimp alleles at TG105 indicating the presence of I-2, and no L.pen alleles at markers linked to I-3. Three lines were resistant to race 1, but susceptible to races 2 and 3. All three had L.pimp alleles at TG523 confirming linkage to I on chromosome 11 and no L.pen alleles at markers tightly linked to I-3. However, one of the lines had L.pen alleles at CT113 on chromosome 7. This and F2 complementation data suggests the possible location of a race 1 resistant locus, I1. Two lines that were Fusarium wilt race 3 resistant and susceptible to race 1 had intermediate resistance to race 2. These two lines did not have the L. pennellii alleles at TG183, TG174, and CT43 near the I-3 locus indicating crossovers in this region reduced race 2 resistance.

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Dilip R. Panthee and Randy G. Gardner

heterozygous for the I-3 gene for resistance to fusarium wilt race 3 [ Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. lycopersici (Sacc.) Snyd. and Hans.] and the Sw-5 gene for resistance to Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV). Fruits are high in soluble solids with an

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Dilip R. Panthee and Randy G. Gardner

‘Mountain Honey’ is a hybrid grape tomato ( Solanum lycopersicum L.) resulting from the cross of NC 4 grape × NC 6 grape. It is heterozygous-resistant to fusarium wilt race 3 [ Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. lycopersici (Sacc.) Snyd. and Hans.], late

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J.W. Scott, H.A. Agrama, and J.P. Jones

Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) line E427 has resistance genes to all three races of Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. lycopersici derived from L. pennellii accession LA 716 and L. pimpinellifolium accession PI 126915. To determine genes that confer resistance to specific races of fusarium wilt, line E427 was crossed to susceptible `Bonny Best' and then F2 and backcross (to `Bonny Best') seed were obtained. Self-pollinations resulted in 337 lines and progeny of each line was inoculated separately with fusarium wilt races 1, 2, or 3. Plants from lines whose segregation suggested recombination of resistance were self-pollinated and reinoculated until disease reactions were homozygous. Four lines were obtained with resistance to both races 2 and 3, but susceptible to race 1. These lines had the L. pennellii alleles at restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) markers linked to I-3 on chromosome 7 and lacked L. pimpinellifolium alleles linked to I and I-2 on chromosome 11. Complementation (F2) data indicated race 2 resistance on chromosome 7 was controlled by a single dominant gene. Three lines were resistant to race 2, but susceptible to races 1 and 3. These lines had L. pimpinellifolium alleles at TG105 and flanking markers encompassing a 14.4 cM region indicating the presence of I-2, and no L. pennellii alleles at markers linked to I-3. Three lines were resistant to race 1, but susceptible to races 2 and 3. All three lines had L. pimpinellifolium alleles at TG523 confirming linkage to I on chromosome 11 and no L. pennellii alleles at markers tightly linked to I-3. However, one of the lines, 415, had L. pennellii alleles at CT113 on chromosome 7. This data along with F2 complementation data suggests the possible existence of a second race 1 resistant locus, I1, in this region. The four lines resistant to both races 2 and 3 were backcrossed again to `Bonny Best' and self-pollinated progeny from 174 plants were screened as described above. Two lines derived from different BC1S1 lines that were fusarium wilt race 3 resistant and susceptible to race 1 had intermediate resistance to race 2. These two lines did not have the L. pennellii alleles at TG183, TG174, and CT43 near the I-3 locus indicating crossovers in this region resulted in reduced race 2 resistance. Collectively, this is the first clear break in the fusarium wilt race 2 and race 1 resistance linkage on chromosome 11. It appears that the race 1 resistance derived from PI 126915 is controlled by the I gene. On chromosome 7, there was a break between the I-3 and I1 genes indicating I-3 does not confer race 1 resistance. The crossovers resulting in reduced resistance to race 2 could be within a complex I-3 locus or a tightly linked race 2 locus.

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Randy G. Gardner and Dilip R. Panthee

.sp. lycopersici (Sacc.) W.C. Snyder and H.N. Hans]. The Clause line has the Sw-5 gene for resistance to TSWV and the Mi gene for resistance to root knot nematodes ( Meloidogyne spp). NC 111F-2 (98) has the I-3 gene for resistance to fusarium wilt race 3

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Dilip R. Panthee and Randy G. Gardner

generations derived from selfing NC 03113. NC 1 CS resulted from selfing NC 056, the F 1 hybrid of NC 123S × NC 0255(x)-1 ( Fig. 1 ). NC 123S, which combines single dominant gene resistances to TSWV, fusarium wilt race 3, and nematodes ( Sw-5 , I-3 , Mi