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Frank Kappel

Low-temperature injury to sweet cherry fruit buds during bloom can significantly reduce production. Careful site selection to avoid spring frosts is an important consideration when planting new sweet cherry orchards ( Longstroth and Perry, 1996

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Chunxian Chen, William R. Okie, and Thomas G. Beckman

Flowers and fruit can be damaged in the spring by frosts and freezes. When weather shelter air temperatures are above freezing, but night-time radiation allows exposed surface temperatures to drop below freezing, a frost (sometimes called

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Shengrui Yao, Steve Guldan, and Robert Heyduck

/fruitlets were killed with repeated late frosts, and not a single fruit was harvested from 2001 through 2014. Late frost is the critical issue challenging fruit production in central and northern New Mexico, especially for apricot production. Fruit growers have

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Majken Pagter and Michelle Williams

), frost injury or winter kill of buds and current-year shoots is a common problem. The consequences of bud freezing injuries in terms of quality and ornamental value are of horticultural importance. Flower buds of most H. macrophylla varieties are formed

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Skyler Simnitt, Tatiana Borisova, Dario Chavez, and Mercy Olmstead

and, in some years, an entire crop can be lost ( Reiger and Myers, 1990 ). Cold weather events are referred to as freezes or frosts, terms which are often used interchangeably by producers and the general public to refer to air temperatures below 32 °F

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Elizabeth Conlan, Tatiana Borisova, Erick Smith, Jeffrey Williamson, and Mercy Olmstead

.S. Department of Agriculture, 2017 ). Despite early-ripening varieties being susceptible to spring frost injury ( Strik and Yarborough, 2005 ), low-chill, early harvest southern highbush blueberries [SHB ( Vaccinium corymbosum interspecific hybrids)] have been

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Lisa J. Rowland, Elizabeth L. Ogden, Fumiomi Takeda, David Michael Glenn, Mark K. Ehlenfeldt, and Bryan T. Vinyard

Like many fruit crops in the United States, blueberry ( Vaccinium spp.) yields can be significantly reduced by late winter or early spring frost damage to open flowers across much of their range. These damaging frosts are expected to be on the rise

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Joan R. Davenport, Markus Keller, and Lynn J. Mills

Cold damage to grapes is a worldwide concern but is especially prominent in cool climates. A great deal of research has been conducted to document the types of injuries that can occur as a result of frost and freeze events ( Fennell, 2004

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Lucas McCartney and Mark Lefsrud

Most fruit crops grown in northern climates are threatened by frost. Freeze damage represents largest weather related economic loss when compared with all other weather hazards ( Snyder, 2000 ). The importance of frost protection is economically

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Andrés Javier Peña Quiñones, Melba Ruth Salazar Gutierrez, and Gerrit Hoogenboom

Severe weather, especially frost conditions between October and April, can be a significant threat to tree fruit production in temperate zones ( Yue et al., 2016 ). According to Snyder and de Melo-Abreu (2005) , the loss of crops due to frost is