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R. Karina Gallardo, Eric T. Stafne, Lisa Wasko DeVetter, Qi Zhang, Charlie Li, Fumiomi Takeda, Jeffrey Williamson, Wei Qiang Yang, William O. Cline, Randy Beaudry and Renee Allen

Increasingly, the availability and cost of labor is straining the specialty crop sector of agriculture. Specialty crops destined for fresh markets are often harvested by hand because of the fragile and perishable nature of the fruit. Interest in

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Marco Fontanelli, Luisa Martelloni, Michele Raffaelli, Christian Frasconi, Marco Ginanni and Andrea Peruzzi

especially challenging because there is a low tolerance for weed contamination in the marketed crop ( Smith et al., 2009 ). Another challenge with fresh market spinach production is that leaves must not be damaged during weeding operations to avoid

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Aaron Heinrich, Richard Smith and Michael Cahn

In California, fresh-market spinach is grown throughout the year and accounts for 59% of the total U.S. fresh market production [ U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), 2012 ]. In 2010, there were 26,900 acres of fresh market spinach grown in

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J.I. Lizaso, K.J. Boote, C.M. Cherr, J.M.S. Scholberg, J.J. Casanova, J. Judge, J.W. Jones and G. Hoogenboom

markets: fresh, canning, and freezing. The fresh market component accounted for 31% of the production and more than 73% of the production value [ U.S. Dept. of Agriculture (USDA), 2005 ]. Sweet corn is grown in every state in the United States. However

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James W. Olmstead and Chad E. Finn

harvested fresh blueberries due to the mistaken perception they are of lesser quality. The traits that would be desirable for MFF cultivars are not different from those cultivars destined for hand-harvest fresh markets. However, there will be even more

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Steven A. Sargent, Adrian D. Berry, Jeffrey G. Williamson and James W. Olmstead

Rabbiteye blueberries ( Vaccinium virgatum ) are more resistant to mechanical harvesting and have been MH for fresh market for many years. Mainland et al. (1975) studied the quality of HH highbush blueberry ( Vaccinium corymbosum ) cultivars

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Catherine S. Fleming, Mark S. Reiter, Joshua H. Freeman and Rory Maguire

Tomato is an extensively grown vegetable crop on the Eastern Shore of Virginia (Accomack and Northampton counties). In 2011, 4600 acres of commercial fresh market tomato were harvested in Virginia, with an estimated value of $47.5 million [ U

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Rafael A. Muchanga, Toshiyuki Hirata and Hajime Araki

fertilizer amount for fresh-market tomato production across different regions in Japan. The treatments were arranged in a randomized complete block design with three replicates. The plot area was 2.4 m 2 (3 × 0.8 m) for both years. Each plot contained 12

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C.M. Hutchinson, J.M. White, K.G. Haynes, D.M. Gergela, P.A. Solano and C.S. Lippi

Potato (Solanum tuberosum) is an important agricultural crop for Florida. From 1996 to 2000, the winter and spring potato crop was grown on an average of 15,782.7 ha (39,000 acres) and valued at $117 million. Variety evaluation and selection is an important tool to improve production efficiency and increase the competitiveness of Florida growers. A red-skinned potato variety evaluation was conducted in northeastern Florida in 2002. The experimental design was a 4 (site) × 5 (variety) factorial with four replications at each site. The four sites were the University of Florida's Plant Science Research and Extension Unit and three local commercial farms. Potato varieties in the trial were `Red LaSoda', `LaRouge', B0984-1, B1145-2, and B1758-3. Marketable tuber yields were 36.3, 35.6, 30.2, 20.3, and 21.4 t·ha-1 (324, 318, 269, 181, and 191 cwt/acre) respectively, with tuber yields of the two named varieties significantly higher than the numbered entries. Specific gravity ranged from 1.060 (`Red LaSoda') to 1.070 (B0984-1). There were no significant differences among entries for total cull weight or the incidence of hollow heart, brown rot, or corky ringspot. However, a higher percentage of B0984-1 tubers showed symptoms of internal heat necrosis than all other varieties. Potato varieties ranked from lowest to highest in overall appearance were `LaRouge', `Red LaSoda', B1758-3, B0984-1, and B1145-2. Higher appearance ratings in the numbered entries were attributed to darkerred skin color, rounder tuber shape, and shallower eyes compared to `Red LaSoda' and `LaRouge'. `Red LaSoda' and `LaRouge' will continue to be recommended as the standard redskinned potato varieties for Florida. However, B0984-1 and B1145-2 had desirable characteristics and should be planted in larger plantings to further evaluate quality and production characteristics.

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Francesco Di Gioia, Monica Ozores-Hampton, Jason Hong, Nancy Kokalis-Burelle, Joseph Albano, Xin Zhao, Zack Black, Zhifeng Gao, Chris Wilson, John Thomas, Kelly Moore, Marilyn Swisher, Haichao Guo and Erin N. Rosskopf

production of fresh-market tomato, accounting for 34% of the U.S. fresh-market tomato harvested area and 39% of the national crop value in 2014 ( USDA-NASS, 2015 ), the majority of which is produced using soil fumigation as the basis for pest management. The