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Jessa Hughes, Hamid Khazaei, and Albert Vandenberg

filling, and the seeds are removed for fresh vegetable consumption ( Anthony, 2017 ). The floriculture industry is another unexplored market for faba bean, as it exhibits large variation for many ornamental traits, including flower color. Its flowers are

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Laura A. Levin, Kelly M. Langer, David G. Clark, Thomas A. Colquhoun, Jeri L. Callaway, and Howard R. Moskowitz

, 2007 ). The impact of each product element on potential purchasing behavior as well as the affective state of human subjects can be objectively assessed. Here RDE is applied for the first time to flowers, a terminal plant product with extremely high

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Stephen C. Myers, Amy T. Savelle, D. Stuart Tustin, and Ross E. Byers

Partial thinning of peach (Prunus persica L. Batsch) during bloom to 50% of the necessary level by hand, and followed by adjustment hand thinning at 42 days after full bloom (DAFB) was compared to a similar degree of thinning accomplished entirely at 42 DAFB by hand. Partial flower thinning altered the distribution of fruit by diameter, increasing the percentage of large diameter (≥62.0 mm) fruit harvested compared to unthinned trees or trees thinned entirely at 42 DAFB. Although shoot number per limb was not altered by thinning time, the distribution of shoots by length was affected, increasing the percentage of long shoots (≥20.0 cm). Compared to unthinned trees and trees thinned at 42 DAFB, partial flower thinning increased the subsequent development of flower buds per shoot and the number of flower buds per node. Number of flower buds on the proximal five nodes of shoots 15.0-30.0 cm in length was increased, although not on shoots 5.0-7.0 cm in length. Additional trials established that airblast spray application of AMADS was effective in achieving a similar level of thinning as that accomplished by partial flower thinning by hand in previous experiments. The degree of flower removal exhibited a linear response to chemical concentration. Fruit diameter on chemically flower-thinned trees was greater at adjustment thinning time, when compared to trees thinned by hand at 42 DAFB only. Distribution of fruit at harvest indicated a larger percentage of fruit >65.0 mm in trees which received partial flower thinning in comparison to trees thinned at 42 DAFB only. As a result, overall crop value was increased, based on the commercial processing peach price structure at the time of harvest. Chemical name used: 1-aminomethanamide dihydrogen tetraoxosulfate (AMADS)

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Meredith R. Blumthal, L. Art Spomer, Daniel F. Warnock, and Raymond A. Cloyd

California at Davis supplied western flower thrips. This research was made possible by a grant from the UIUC Campus Research Board (RES BRD CLOYD R 1-2-68037) awarded to Raymond A. Cloyd and Daniel F. Warnock. We also thank Jack Juvik, Department of Natural

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Hazel Y. Wetzstein, Weiguang Yi, Justin A. Porter, and Nadav Ravid

other pomegranate products. The morphological and histological characterization of pomegranate flowers has been recently described ( Wetzstein et al., 2011a ). Both hermaphroditic (bisexual) and functionally male flowers are on the same plant, a

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Lu Zhang, Robert Howard Beede, Gary Banuelos, Christopher M. Wallis, and Louise Ferguson

carry pollen from the male tree to the female tree. Both the male staminate and female pistillate inflorescences are panicles composed of hundreds of individual small flowers, the rachis. The florets of both female and male flowers are apetalous with

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Jason Prothro, Hussein Abdel-Haleem, Eleni Bachlava, Victoria White, Steven Knapp, and Cecilia McGregor

Watermelon is an economically important member of the Cucurbitaceae family. Sex expression of members of the family is diverse ( Grumet and Taft, 2012 ) and in watermelon, monoecious (separate male and female flowers on the same plant

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Charles T. Rohla, Michael W. Smith, Niels O. Maness, and William Reid

previous growing season and the dormant season nonstructural carbohydrate pool influencing pistillate flower development ( Smith et al., 1986 ; Sparks, 2000 , 2003 ; Wood, 2003 ; Wood and McMeans, 1981 ; Wood et al., 2003 ). Limited data suggested

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Theresa Bosma and John M. Dole

(OAES). Our research was supported in part by OAES under project H-2119. We thank Leah Aufill for technical assistance and Sakata Seed America for financial support and flowers.

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Jessica D. Lubell and Mark H. Brand

Elepidote rhododendrons are important landscape plants because of showy flowers and bold evergreen foliage. The most common flower colors are lavender, pink, and white, but red flower color is highly sought after. Only some elepidote rhododendrons