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Jessa Hughes, Hamid Khazaei, and Albert Vandenberg

filling, and the seeds are removed for fresh vegetable consumption ( Anthony, 2017 ). The floriculture industry is another unexplored market for faba bean, as it exhibits large variation for many ornamental traits, including flower color. Its flowers are

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Laura A. Levin, Kelly M. Langer, David G. Clark, Thomas A. Colquhoun, Jeri L. Callaway, and Howard R. Moskowitz

, 2007 ). The impact of each product element on potential purchasing behavior as well as the affective state of human subjects can be objectively assessed. Here RDE is applied for the first time to flowers, a terminal plant product with extremely high

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Lijuan Fan, Yu Gao, Karl H. Hasenstein, and Ling Wang

the largest one of the family Iridaceae. There are about 300 species around the world and 60 species in China ( Roguz et al., 2020 ). Irises are commonly used in landscaping because of their large, colorful, and showy flowers ( Lian et al., 2016

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Stephen C. Myers, Amy T. Savelle, D. Stuart Tustin, and Ross E. Byers

Partial thinning of peach (Prunus persica L. Batsch) during bloom to 50% of the necessary level by hand, and followed by adjustment hand thinning at 42 days after full bloom (DAFB) was compared to a similar degree of thinning accomplished entirely at 42 DAFB by hand. Partial flower thinning altered the distribution of fruit by diameter, increasing the percentage of large diameter (≥62.0 mm) fruit harvested compared to unthinned trees or trees thinned entirely at 42 DAFB. Although shoot number per limb was not altered by thinning time, the distribution of shoots by length was affected, increasing the percentage of long shoots (≥20.0 cm). Compared to unthinned trees and trees thinned at 42 DAFB, partial flower thinning increased the subsequent development of flower buds per shoot and the number of flower buds per node. Number of flower buds on the proximal five nodes of shoots 15.0-30.0 cm in length was increased, although not on shoots 5.0-7.0 cm in length. Additional trials established that airblast spray application of AMADS was effective in achieving a similar level of thinning as that accomplished by partial flower thinning by hand in previous experiments. The degree of flower removal exhibited a linear response to chemical concentration. Fruit diameter on chemically flower-thinned trees was greater at adjustment thinning time, when compared to trees thinned by hand at 42 DAFB only. Distribution of fruit at harvest indicated a larger percentage of fruit >65.0 mm in trees which received partial flower thinning in comparison to trees thinned at 42 DAFB only. As a result, overall crop value was increased, based on the commercial processing peach price structure at the time of harvest. Chemical name used: 1-aminomethanamide dihydrogen tetraoxosulfate (AMADS)

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Benjamin Paskus, Patrick Abeli, and Randolph Beaudry

an LPS room. LPS has not been widely used in the United States. In fact, the authors are aware of its commercial use as a permanent installation in only one facility (JA Flower Services, Miami, FL) for the temporary storage of imported floral crops

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Meredith R. Blumthal, L. Art Spomer, Daniel F. Warnock, and Raymond A. Cloyd

California at Davis supplied western flower thrips. This research was made possible by a grant from the UIUC Campus Research Board (RES BRD CLOYD R 1-2-68037) awarded to Raymond A. Cloyd and Daniel F. Warnock. We also thank Jack Juvik, Department of Natural

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Lu Zhang, Robert Howard Beede, Gary Banuelos, Christopher M. Wallis, and Louise Ferguson

carry pollen from the male tree to the female tree. Both the male staminate and female pistillate inflorescences are panicles composed of hundreds of individual small flowers, the rachis. The florets of both female and male flowers are apetalous with

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Jason Prothro, Hussein Abdel-Haleem, Eleni Bachlava, Victoria White, Steven Knapp, and Cecilia McGregor

Watermelon is an economically important member of the Cucurbitaceae family. Sex expression of members of the family is diverse ( Grumet and Taft, 2012 ) and in watermelon, monoecious (separate male and female flowers on the same plant

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Charles T. Rohla, Michael W. Smith, Niels O. Maness, and William Reid

previous growing season and the dormant season nonstructural carbohydrate pool influencing pistillate flower development ( Smith et al., 1986 ; Sparks, 2000 , 2003 ; Wood, 2003 ; Wood and McMeans, 1981 ; Wood et al., 2003 ). Limited data suggested

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Hazel Y. Wetzstein, Weiguang Yi, Justin A. Porter, and Nadav Ravid

other pomegranate products. The morphological and histological characterization of pomegranate flowers has been recently described ( Wetzstein et al., 2011a ). Both hermaphroditic (bisexual) and functionally male flowers are on the same plant, a