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Craig A. Ledbetter and Mark S. Sisterson

percentage averaged 64.4% with annual means ranging from 61.7% (2004) to 67.7% (2009). Minimum (51.8%) and maximum (59.3%) annual means for hull percentage were also recorded in these same years. Table 1. Variability of evaluated carpological characteristics

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Larry A. Rupp, Richard M. Anderson, James Klett, Stephen L. Love, Jerry Goodspeed and JayDee Gunnell

have arisen in the interior western states to support the selection, production, evaluation, and marketing of native plants. Materials and methods Utah model . The Sego Supreme plant breeding and introduction program was initiated by Utah State

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Waltram Ravelombola, Ainong Shi, Jun Qin, Yuejin Weng, Gehendra Bhattarai, Bazgha Zia, Wei Zhou and Beiquan Mou

drought conditions requires effective and strong breeding programs through the establishment of a better phenotyping and screening approach. Fatokun et al. (2012) conducted a field experiment to evaluate drought tolerance in cowpea; however, possible

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Glenn D. Israel, Janice O. Easton and Gary W. Knox

Presented at the annual meeting of the American Evaluation Association, San Diego, CA, November, 1997. University of Florida Florida Agricultural Experiment Stationjournal paper R-06157.The cost of publishing this paper was defrayed in

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Sheri Dorn and Paula Diane Relf

The Virginia Cooperative Extension (VCE) Master Gardener (MG) Coordinator Manual, a 14-chapter resource book, was developed cooperatively with teams of VCE MGs, coordinators, and agents to enhance coordinators' skills. It includes chapters on risk management, volunteer management, the educational process, current policies, and the volunteer section of the VCE Master Gardener's Handbook. The VCE MG Coordinator Manual was the basis of four local VCE MG coordinator-training sessions in 1998. This evaluation showed that coordinators are using the manual and adapting the suggestions and samples to fit their local programs, despite the fact that more planning time is often required. Those using the manual increased their understanding of VCE goals and the role of the VCE MG and slightly increased their leadership skills. Reading the manual showed a need for information on training VCE MGs to work with agents to design and implement strong horticulture education programs for Virginia communities. Areas for improvement were identified before final publication.

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Rhuanito Soranz Ferrarezi and Donald S. Bailey

environmental control. Saha et al. (2016) cultivated basil under soilless agricultural systems (aquaponics vs. hydroponics), without indicating how different cultivars perform. The evaluation of plant adaptation in tropical conditions is essential to recommend

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Elsa S. Sánchez, Thomas M. Butzler, Steven M. Bogash, Timothy E. Elkner, R. Eric Oesterling, Michael D. Orzolek and Lee J. Stivers

perform on their farms. To provide growers in Pennsylvania with regionally appropriate and statewide recommendations, a 10-year-coordinated cultivar evaluation program was started in 2008 with funding from the Pennsylvania Vegetable Research and Marketing

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Anusuya Rangarajan

Both growers and vegetable seed companies have had long-term historic relationships with public agriculture extension educators and faculty to conduct unbiased evaluation of vegetable varieties. Reductions in both the number of vegetable seed companies as well as university human resources has led to questions about the viability and appropriateness of publicly-funded variety evaluation programs. Field based extension educators and regional staff have taken more leadership to evaluate varieties, but this often results in fragmented or repetitive trials with limited long term integration of data. Statewide vegetable extension specialists must provide the leadership in coordinating these trials to enhance the rigor of data collection and analysis. Fundamental to enhancing rigor is improving regional coordination and collaboration. The calculation of stability estimates for new and older varieties is most efficiently and quickly achieved through regional collaborations. Initial efforts should improve uniformity of trials by creating common evaluation methods for yield and qualitative evaluations (e.g., color, appearance), including two standard varieties (one local and one regional, long-term standard), standardizing field establishment practices, and selecting experimental designs and plot sizes to improve labor efficiency. These regionally coordinated trials will improve the ability to publish this type of applied research and demonstrate new levels of efficiency for university administrations. In the long term, carefully designed comparisons of genotypic performance among different environments could suggest new directions for university breeding programs as well as cropping systems research.

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Elsa S. Sánchez, Thomas M. Butzler, Lee J. Stivers, Timothy E. Elkner, Steven M. Bogash, R. Eric Oesterling and Michael D. Orzolek

value of $14,148,101. About a third of these farms (53) grow squash on over 170 acres. This places Pennsylvania seventh in the nation in number of organic farms growing squash. Winter squash cultivars have not been evaluated for a number of years in the

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Stephen M. Olson and Joshua H. Freeman

, 1991 ). The objective of this research was to evaluate collard cultivars over multiple seasons to determine the top-performing cultivars for the northern Florida and southern Georgia growing areas. Materials and methods Experiments were performed at the