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Chanjin Chung, Tracy A. Boyer, Marco Palma, and Monika Ghimire

, or on a national basis ( Haydu et al., 2006 ). However, no studies have provided potential economic and social impacts of improving turfgrass on regional markets. Our study estimates the potential economic impact of the improved varieties on the

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John J. Haydu, Alan. W. Hodges, and Charles R. Hall

encompassing all these relatively disparate groups, the authors conducted a national economic impact study of the “Green Industry” ( Hall et al., 2005 ). Using the North American Industrial Classification System (NAICS), three major industry groups were

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Trent J. Davis, Miguel I. Gómez, Scott J. Harper, and Megan Twomey

and hop production. In this study, we estimate the economic benefits of using CPS for hop production versus the potential economic impacts of HSVd on hop farmers in the PNW for both aroma and alpha hop varieties. Using a net present value (NPV

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Olya Rysin and Frank J. Louws

used. Sensitivity analysis seeks to measure the economic impact of selecting alternative when the values of some impact variables are uncertain ( Safley et al., 2004 ). In our application, the decision to adopt grafting technology is based on expected

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Benedict Posadas

fastest-growing sectors of U.S. agriculture and is inherently labor intensive ( Regelbrugge, 2007 ) with greater than 40% of production costs consisting of labor costs ( Mathers et al., 2010 ). Hodges et al. (2011) estimated the total economic impact of

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Sheng Li, Feng Wu, Yongping Duan, Ariel Singerman, and Zhengfei Guan

management strategies proposed in the literature with an emphasis on their effects on crop yield, costs, and benefits. Second, to assess the economic impact of the major proposed treatments to cope with the disease and analyze their cost-effectiveness. In the

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Charles R. Hall, Alan W. Hodges, and John J. Haydu

The United States environmental horticulture industry, also known as the Green Industry, is comprised of wholesale nursery and sod growers; landscape architects, designers/builders, contractors, and maintenance firms; retail garden centers, home centers, and mass merchandisers with lawn and garden departments; and marketing intermediaries such as brokers and horticultural distribution centers (re-wholesalers). Environmental horticulture is one of the fastest growing segments of the nation's agricultural economy. In spite of the magnitude and recent growth in the Green Industry, there is surprisingly little information regarding its economic impact. Thus, the objective of this study was to estimate the economic impacts of the Green Industry at the national level. Economic impacts for the U.S. Green Industry in 2002 were estimated at $147.8 billion in output, 1,964,339 jobs, $95.1 billion in value added, $64.3 billion in labor income, and $6.9 billion in indirect business taxes, with these values expressed in 2004 dollars. In addition, this study evaluated the value and role of urban forest trees (woody ornamental trees); the total output of tree production and care services was valued at $14.55 billion, which translated into $21.02 billion in total output impacts, 259,224 jobs, and $14.12 billion in value added.

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Edward A. Evans, Jonathan Crane, Alan Hodges, and Jason L. Osborne

. Brooks, personal communication). About 85% of the crop is sold outside of the state; hence, the industry brings in a substantial amount of “new dollars” to the state, resulting in an overall economic impact of about $54 million/year (authors' calculation

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Suzette P. Galinato, R. Karina Gallardo, David M. Granatstein, and Mike Willett

original] to occur with low uncertainty.… Introduction (entry and establishment) of R. pomonella to the PRA area is likely to result in major economic impacts (with low uncertainty) resulting largely from the increased cost of control in commercial

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William S. Castle

pairs of distributions in each year, a representative season (2002–2003) was selected. A few comparisons illustrating differences among rootstocks were conducted after a visual inspection of the data. The economic impact of fruit size distribution was