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Jane E. Spinti, Rolston St. Hilaire, and Dawn VanLeeuwen

We surveyed homeowners with residential landscapes in Las Cruces, N.M., to determine design features participants valued in their landscapes, their attitudes toward the landscape use of desert plants and opinions on factors that would encourage respondents to reduce landscape water use. We also determined whether the willingness to use desert plants in their landscapes related to the length of residency in the southwestern United States. At least 98% of respondents landscaped to enhance the appearance of their home and increase their property value. About half (50.6%) of the participants strongly agreed or agreed that the main reason to landscape was to display their landscape preferences. Many participants indicated they would use desert plants to landscape their front yard (80.3%) and back yard (56.3%), but relatively lower percentages of participants actually had desert landscapes in their front yard and back yard. Regardless of their property value, respondents were more likely to use desert plants in their backyard the shorter their stay in the desert. Data revealed that participants rank water shortages as the factor that would most likely cause them to reduce the amount of water they applied to their landscapes. We conclude that homeowners report willingness to use desert plants but desert-type landscapes are not a widespread feature of managed residential landscapes. Furthermore, water shortages and the length of time respondents spent in a desert environment would most likely influence water use in their landscapes.

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Rolston St. Hilaire, Dawn M. VanLeeuwen, and Patrick Torres

was mailed to determine homeowner perceptions of desert plants, trees, and grass lawns in their landscapes, the status of their current landscape and their willingness to change their current landscape, their opinions on their current water use

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Everardo Zamora, Santiago Ayala, Cosme Guerrero, Damian Martínez, and Francisco Rivas

In Sonora, Mexico, a new crop is emerging as a potential and alternative crop industry: the bacanora plant (Agave angustifolia Haw). The bacanora plant belongs to the Amaryllidaceous family and is a type of agave with a low water requirements, growing as a wild plant in Sonora, Mexico. It is different from the one used to produce the most famous Mexican liquor in the world—tequila. Some time ago, the bacanora plant had been used to distill and produce a kind of liquor known by Sonoran people as bacanora. However, this activity was prohibited by the Sonoran government during the past century. Now, in order to encourage job growth, the Sonoran government has given permission to producers for new bacanora plantations. To protect the originality of both bacanora plant production and the bacanora distillation industry, the Federal Mexican government issued a law that prohibits all activity for growing bacanora plant and bacanora distillation outside of Sonora, Mexico. The law was approved in 2005 and now, all natural areas where wild plants of bacanora grow are known as “origin denomination,” which means that some Sonoran areas are unique locations where the bacanora industry can be legally established for plant production, distillation, refining, and labeling. Currently, there are about 20,000 ha of bacanora plants located in Sonora. Some producers estimate that, in the near future, there will be more than 60,000 ha of bacanora plants. Although bacanora plants are used mainly for producing liquor, they could be considered ornamental plants for establishing home desert gardens together with desert plants, such as cacti.

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Allen V. Barker

and interactions of desert plants and animals. The author notes that the simplicity of desert ecosystems makes them amenable for biological studies. The book has 11 chapters. The introduction covers general topics of creation and age of deserts and

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respondents' opinions on residential landscapes and factors affecting landscape water conservation. Although respondents reported a willingness to use desert plants, desert landscaping was not widespread. Respondents' length of residency in a desert

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Amnon Levi, Judy A. Thies, Alvin M. Simmons, Howard Harrison, Richard Hassell, and Anthony Keinath

nuclear–cytoplasmic gene interaction affects female flower production in watermelon. The C. colocynthis exists in the hot deserts of North Africa, the Middle East, and South and Central Asia. As a desert plant, C. colocynthis can tolerate drought

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Dennis N. Katuuramu, W. Patrick Wechter, Marcellus L. Washington, Matthew Horry, Matthew A. Cutulle, Robert L. Jarret, and Amnon Levi

( Levi et al., 2017 ). Desert plants often have a more elaborate root architecture with longer roots that penetrate deeply into the soil, thus offering larger water and nutrient absorptive surface areas ( Sandquist, 2014 ). In the present study, the

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Carlos De la Cuadra, Alexis K. Vidal, and Leví M. Mansur

water via rainfall, as occurs with other desert plants ( Black et al., 2006 ; Gutiérrez et al., 2000 ; Vidiella and Armesto, 1989 ). Zephyra compacta presents a temperature range for germination of 10 to 20 °C similar to species coexisting in the same

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Geoffrey C. Denny and Michael A. Arnold

establishment and adventitious root regeneration of sycamore J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 129 360 367 St. Hilaire, R. 2001 Seed coat treatments influence germination of Taxodium mucronatum Desert Plants 17 15 18 Tsumura, Y. Tomaru, N. Suyama, Y. Bacchus, S. 1999

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Malik G. Al-Ajlouni, Dawn M. VanLeeuwen, Michael N. DeMers, and Rolston St. Hilaire

mesic landscape had no native desert plants, was sprinkler or flood irrigated, and had extensive turfgrass. In contrast, a xeric landscape had some native desert plants, minimal drip irrigation, and no turf ( Yabiku et al., 2008 ). There are solid