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Yulia A. Kuzovkina and Lorenzo Vietto

The following 11 cultivars were registered 20 July 2020 by Michael Dodge; Vermont Willow Nursery, VT ( Vermont Willow Nursery, 2020 ). ‘Arnold Select’. A vigorous male clone of S. miyabeana Seemen. It is a large shrub that is ornamental in all

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Raul I. Cabrera, James A. Reinert, and Cynthia B. McKenney

.S. National Arboretum, have been instrumental in the development of modern cultivars that have the typical lengthy flowering period during the summer months and a diversity of flower colors as well as disease (powdery mildew) resistance, cold-hardiness, showy

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Jeanine M. Davis and Randolph G. Gardner

Eight staked, determinate tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) cultivars were harvested when green (before breaker stage) or when pink (breaker stage and riper) in two replicated field studies. In general, total yield and average fruit size were reduced when fruit were harvested at the green stage. Harvest maturity had only a small effect on occurrence of most fruit defects, except fruit cracking, which was more severe for pink than for green fruit in the early season experiment. Although total yields for pink harvested fruit were higher than for green harvested fruit in the early season study, the high incidence of fruit crack in pink fruit resulted in similar yields of U.S. combination grade (U.S. no. 1 and U.S. no. 2) fruit for both treatments. Because the largest fruit often bring a premium price, harvesting fruit when pink probably will result in a higher price per kilogram than harvesting fruit when green. Fruit harvested green, however, are generally firmer, more crack resistant, and require fewer harvests than fruit harvested pink.

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Todd W. Wert, Jeffrey G. Williamson, Jose X. Chaparro, E. Paul Miller, and Robert E. Rouse

The production of temperate zone fruit crops in subtropical environments has increased significantly in the last 30 years. Low-chill cultivars of apple, blueberries, plum, and peach have been developed by several breeding programs and are in

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Mehmet Sütyemez, Şakir B. Bükücü, and Akide Özcan

walnut breeding programs in many countries are to provide late-leafing cultivars with a high yield and a resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses. However, there has been a limited number of studies on the cluster-bearing habit in walnuts ( Germain et al

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Lina M. Rodríguez-Salamanca and Mary K. Hausbeck

40 onion cultivars are available to Michigan growers from various seed suppliers. Some of these cultivars offer resistance to pink root incited by Setophoma terrestris (H.N. Hansen) Gruyter, Aveskamp, & Verkley (Syn: Phoma terrestris ) and

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Brian A. Kahn

several eggplant cultivars and to examine possible relationships of these patterns to aspects of fruit quality. Three other shoot characteristics related to plant architecture (plant height, stem diameter, and shoot dry weight) also were examined for

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Brian A. Kahn, Niels O. Maness, Donna R. Chrz, and Lynda K. Carrier

—applied to the soil surface at two depths (equivalent to 2.5 or 5 cm) and then incorporated ≈5 to 7 cm deep for effects on field production of multiple cultivars of red radishes. Details of the larger study, including compost analyses, have been published

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R. Karina Gallardo, Qi Zhang, Michael Dossett, James J. Polashock, Cesar Rodriguez-Saona, Nicholi Vorsa, Patrick P. Edger, Hamid Ashrafi, Ebrahiem Babiker, Chad E. Finn, and Massimo Iorizzo

processed ( Brazelton et al., 2017 ). Development of new cultivars has played and will continue to play a major role in the growth of the blueberry market in North America and worldwide. In the last two decades, breeding programs have developed improved

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Ryan J. Hayes, Karunakaran Maruthachalam, Gary E. Vallad, Steven J. Klosterman, and Krishna V. Subbarao

cultivar La Brillante and several other heirloom cultivars are resistant to Race 1 isolates, whereas no source of resistance against Race 2 isolates is known ( Hayes et al., 2007 ; Vallad et al., 2006 ). The system is similar to that described in tomato