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S.J. Stringer, J.M. Spiers, and A.D. Draper

Two new southern highbush blueberry cultivars, `Dixieblue' and `Gupton', will provide growers with new blueberry cultivars having excellent fruit quality that ripen relatively early in the season, during the profitable early fresh-market window. Berries of `Dixieblue' are light blue, medium in size, and their flat shape makes them most attractive. `Gupton' is very productive and berry quality is also excellent. The performance of these cultivars represent an improvement over most currently available southern highbush blueberry cultivars due to 1) their durability and performance on both upland and sandy soils endemic to the Gulf Coast and 2) consistent production of high quality fruit that will meet the demand for early ripening fresh-market blueberries. The new rabbiteye blueberry cultivar, `DeSoto', represents an improvement over currently available rabbiteye blueberry cultivars for late-season production. `DeSoto' produces medium-to-large fruit having excellent color, flavor, and firmness Plants of `DeSoto' are productive, vigorous but semi-dwarf, upright and spreading. It's semi-dwarf growth habit, which is unique among currently grown rabbiteye blueberries, results in bushes that attain a maximum height of about 2 meters upon maturity, reducing the necessity of top-pruning that is required for all other cultivars. `DeSoto' blooms two to three weeks later than early-to-mid season cultivars such as `Climax' and `Tifblue', providing insurance against late-spring freezes. Similarly, its fruit mature 21 to 14 days or more, respectively after these same cultivars. `DeSoto' will provide niche market blueberry growers with a new cultivar having productivity, plant vigor, fruit quality, and very late ripening period that will extend their marketing season. The new evergreen ornamental blueberry, `Native Blue', is low growing, compact and finely branched with small glaucous leaves, traits that are quite typical of V. darowii. `Native Blue' has beautiful foliage that changes color in different seasons. Mature leaves are darker green while newer growth exhibits a light pinkish hue that changes to a bluish green. Other desirable characteristics of `Native Blue' are its dwarf growth habit, hardy and vigorous growth, and its capacity for a high level of fruit production that serves as an attractant to birds and other wildlife. `Native Blue' will provide southeastern U.S. nurserymen, landscapers, and homeowners with a novel and beautiful new ornamental shrub that will complement plantings of azaleas, camellias, crepe myrtles, etc.

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Lian-wei Qu, Gui-mei Xing, Juan-juan Chen, Jia-jun Lei, and Yan-qiu Zhang

Tulip (Tulipa gesneriana L.), belonging to the tribe Tulipeae in the family Liliaceae, is a fascinating bulbous flower all over the world. It is widely used for potting, bed, and border plants due to its large and attractive flowers with a wide range of colors (Fahad et al., 2014). Nowadays, more than 150 million tulip bulbs have been imported to China every year (Xue et al., 2005). Among them, ‘Purple Lady’ and ‘Miss Holland’ are the most popular cultivars in China for their lovely purple and red flowers, respectively. Pink purple and red colors

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M.K. Ehlenfeldt, A.D. Draper, and J.R. Clark

In the 1970s, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) began developing low-chill-adapted highbush blueberry (Vacchizium corymbosum L.) for the southern United States (lat. 29° to 32°N) by using germplasm of the native southern species, V. darrowi Camp. This breeding work resulted in the release of several low-chill southern highbush blueberry (SHB) cultivars in the mid-1980s. These cultivars have been evaluated for yield and adaptation at several locations through the southern regional blueberry germplasm evaluation trials. These trials have shown that organic mulch is required for good performance of SHB. The one-fourth V. darrowi composition of SHB cultivars presents problems of freeze damage at some locations. This problem may be resolved by breeding cultivars through several alternative approaches.

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Jiming Liu, Caowen Sun, Yuan Gao, Zhong Chen, Yulin Zheng, Xuehuang Weng, and Liming Jia

Sapindus mukorossi Gaertn. (S. mukorossi) is a deciduous tree of the Sapindus L. (Sapindus) in the Sapindaceae Juss. family, which is widely distributed in warm temperate to tropical regions in Asia, especially China and Southeast Asian countries. Because of the high yield of its seed oil (26.15% to 44.69%) (Liu et al., 2017; Sun et al., 2017), it is suitable for biodiesel production according to American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) D6751 and European Standards (EN) 14214 (Chakraborty and Baruah, 2013; Sun et

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Zhanao Deng and Brent K. Harbaugh

As a common pot and landscape plant, caladium (Caladium ×hortulanum Birdsey, Araceae Juss.) is valued for its colorful leaves and low maintenance requirements (Evans et al., 1992). Commercial caladium plants are grown from tubers. Central Florida growers produce greater than 95% of the tubers for the worldwide market (Bell et al., 1998; Deng et al., 2005). Tuber yield is one of the primary factors determining a caladium cultivar's production value and whether the cultivar will be acceptable to growers and viable in commercial production. Poor tuber yield has been one of the

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Muhammet A. Gündeşli

Fig (Ficus carica L., Moraceae) is among the oldest cultivated fruit trees in the world, and its most important growing center is known to be the Mediterranean region. Recently, fig fruit have attracted much attention because of scientifically confirmed medicinal and nutritional values, including an excellent source of minerals, vitamins and dietary fiber, sugars, organic acids, and phenolic substances, the consumption of which has been proved to have a positive impact on human health. Therefore, fig represents an important component of the Mediterranean diet, and is associated with longevity (Caliskan and Polat, 2012; Ercisli et

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Rafel Socias i Company, Ossama Kodad, José M. Alonso, and Antonio J. Felipe

growing, its low productivity, as a result of the occurrence of frosts at blooming time or later and to a deficient pollination ( Felipe, 2000 ). The first three cultivars released from this breeding program were Aylés, Guara, and Moncayo ( Felipe and