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Shana G. Brown and James E. Klett

The popular cultivar Snow Angel coral bells is a commercially important herbaceous perennial grown for its attractive white and green variegated foliage and bright pink flowers. To maintain the characteristic variegated foliage, ‘Snow Angel’ must be

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W. Garrett Owen

In the United States, coral bell ( Heuchera hybrida L.) production increased by 167% ($14.4 million USD) from 1997 to 2014 ( USDA, 1998 , 2015 ). The increasing consumer demand for this herbaceous perennial is because of their colorful foliage and

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Sean J. Markovic and James E. Klett

) at rates as low as 300 ppm ( Latimer et al., 2011 ), while ‘Silver Lode’ coral bells responded minimally to an application of 600 ppm benzyladenine for both plant height and width ( Latimer and Freeborn, 2015 ). The wide range of possible plant

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Katherine F. Garland, Stephanie E. Burnett, Michael E. Day, and Marc W. van Iersel

and heucherellas: Coral bells and foamy bells Timber Press Portland, OR Jones, H.G. 2007 Monitoring plant and soil water status: Established and novel methods revisited and their relevance to studies of drought tolerance J. Expt. Bot. 58 119 130 Kim, J

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Mary Jane Clark and Youbin Zheng

. 79.38°W), five commonly grown nursery crops were selected for study, based on their economic value and relative importance to Ontario nurseries: bigleaf hydrangea, ‘Green Velvet’ boxwood, ‘Magic Carpet’ spirea, ‘Palace Purple’ coral bells, and rose of

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Susan S. Han

Postharvest quality of cut Heuchera sanguinea Engelm. `Splendens' and `Bressingham' was significantly improved and vase life significantly increased by pulsing the inflorescences with 4 mm silver thiosulfate (STS) for 4 hours followed by placing the stems in vase solutions containing 0.5% sucrose and 200 mg·L-1 8-hydroxyquinoline citrate. Under these conditions, nearly all of the buds (>92%) on inflorescences harvested with ≈2% to 3% open flowers developed to anthesis, in comparison with 26% to 28% of the controls. Sucrose concentrations higher than 1% were detrimental and resulted in stem toppling. Treatment with 4 mm STS for 4 hours delayed bud and flower abscission, but longer treatment times resulted in blackening and shriveling of the flower buds. With the absence of sucrose in the vase solutions, flower buds on STS-treated inflorescences did not continue to develop. Ethylene is probably involved in the natural senescence of the flower buds, since exogenous ethylene induced rapid flower abscission, and senescence was delayed by treatment with STS.

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Erin M.R. Clark, John M. Dole, Alicain S. Carlson, Erin P. Moody, Ingram F. McCall, Frankie L. Fanelli, and William C. Fonteno

of holding solutions and recommends the use of only a hydrator. Armitage and Laushman (2003) indicated that vase life would be from 7 to 10 d with a preservative. Coral bells ‘florists choice’. The longest vase life was obtained when hydrator and

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David J. Ballantyne

The influence of photosynthetic photon flux density (PPFD) and gibberellic acid (GA3) sprays on shoot elongation was determined for `Coral Bells' (Kurume or R. obstusum hybrid), `Fashion' (Glen Dale or R. indicum × Kurume hybrid), `Hexe' (R. obtusum × R. simsii hybrid), `Hinocrimson' (Kurume or R. obtusum hybrid), `Hinodegiri' (Kurume or R. obtusum hybrid), and `Red Wing' (Brooks hybrid) azalea. GA3 at 1 mm was more effective in stimulating shoot elongation of `Coral Bells', `Fashion', `Hinodegiri', and `Red Wing' than of `Hexe' or `Hinocrimson'. GA3 sprays were more effective in stimulating elongation when applied to plants growing at irradiance levels of 350 μmol·s-1·m-2 than to plants growing at either 200 or 100 μmol·s-1·-2. Gross photosynthesis of leaf segments was higher for a slow-growing cultivar (Hinocrimson) than for a faster-growing cultivar (Fashion). `Hinocrimson' produced stouter shoots (greater dry weight/cm) than did `Fashion'.

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Joseph Eakes and John W. Olive

Five 12- to 14- month slow release fertilizers (Osmocote 17-7-12, Sierra 16-6-10, High-N 24-4-7, Sierrablend 17-7-10, and Nutricote 16-10-10 Type 360) were incorporated into a 3:1 pine bark: peat moss potting medium at one of 4 rates (0.9, 1.2, 1.5, and 1.8 kg N/m3). Plant growth of 3 azale a species, `Coral Bells' (Kurume), `Formosa' (Southern Indica), and `Pink Gumpo' (Satsuki), and monthly medium solution electrical conductivity (EC) were determined. Growth indices 180 days after applying fertilizer were greatest for plants receiving the Sierrablend and Osmocote fertilizers regardless of azalea species. Plant growth indices increased as N rate increased for the 3 azaleas, regardless of the fertilizer product. The highest media solution EC readings occurred during the first 90 days after fertilizer application for all fertilizer treatments and declined thereafter.

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Tomasz Anisko and Orville M. Lindstrom

The effect of water stress imposed at three dates in late summer and early fall on cold hardiness was examined in Rhododendron L. `Coral Bell', `Hinodegiri', and `Red Ruffle'. The persistence of the water stress-induced cold hardiness was also examined following plant recovery from the stress. Container-grown plants were exposed to three weeks of reduced water supply starting 8 Aug., 29 Aug., or 19 Sept., while control plants were well watered. Cold hardiness of leaves, lower, middle, and upper stems was evaluated with laboratory freeze tests. Reduced water supply independent of time initiated increased cold hardiness by 1 to 4C in the majority of the tested plant parts in the three cultivars. Cold hardiness of all plant parts tested strongly depended on the current water status of the plants as indicated by the stem water potential. In most cases, 3 weeks after rewatering, the cold hardiness of previously water stressed plants did not differ from that of nonstressed plants.