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Jim Hancock, Pete Callow, Sedat Serçe, Eric Hanson and Randy Beaudry

storage life of blueberry fruit has previously been shown to be enhanced by harvesting less-mature fruit ( Ballinger et al., 1978 ; Beaudry et al., 1998 ; Galletta et al., 1971 ) and maintenance under a controlled atmosphere (CA) ( Beaudry et al., 1998

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Nihad Alsmairat, Carolina Contreras, James Hancock, Pete Callow and Randolph Beaudry

. Percent of atmosphere for O 2 , CO 2 , and the sum of O 2 and CO 2 in controlled atmosphere (CA) chambers for which the atmosphere control strategy is to maintain elevated CO 2 and using air as a purge gas. In this example, the target concentration for

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Christopher B. Watkins and Jacqueline F. Nock

CO 2 . Atmospheres were checked hourly and maintained within 0.2 kPa of target values with a ICA 61/CGS 610 CA Control System (International Controlled Atmosphere Ltd., Kent, U.K.) modified with flow controllers for the experimental chambers (Storage

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Anne Plotto, Mina R. McDaniel and James P. Mattheis

Aroma and flavor characters of `Gala' apples [Malus sylvestris (L.) Mill. var. domestica (Borkh.) Mansf. `Gala'] were identified by 10 trained panelists. A vocabulary of 13 aroma descriptors and 16 flavor descriptors were used to characterize changes in controlled atmosphere (CA) and air, or regular atmosphere (RA) storage over 20 weeks. When compared with RA storage, the intensity of fruity (pear, banana, and strawberry) and floral descriptors decreased after 10 weeks in CA for whole and cut fruit aroma and flavor. During the entire storage period under CA, aroma of cut apples retained high vegetative and citrus characters but had a less intense anise aroma. Sourness and astringency were significantly higher for CA-stored apples, and sweetness was significantly lower. A musty note was perceived in whole apples stored in CA for 20 weeks. Aroma of whole fruit stored for 16 weeks in CA followed by 4 weeks in RA was higher in fruitiness, banana, floral, and anise characters when compared with apples stored 20 weeks in CA. There was no difference between fruit stored in CA followed by RA versus CA stored apples for flavor and aroma of cut fruit. Changes in descriptor ratings during storage are discussed in relation to gas chromatography and olfactometry data obtained with the Osme method.

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S.R. Drake

Abbreviations: CA, controlled atmosphere; RA, regular atmosphere: TA, acid concentration. 1 Research Horticulturist. I wish to express appreciation to the Washington State Tree Fruit Research Commission for grant funds partially supporting the study

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Harwinder Singh Sidhu, Juan Carlos Díaz-Pérez and Daniel MacLean

a controlled atmosphere [CA; 5% CO 2 and 3% O 2 , 5 °C, and 90% to 95% relative humidity (RH)] or in regular air (RA; 5 °C and 90% to 95% RH), harvested from Ponder Farm, Ty Ty, GA, in 2011. Rows labeled Cultivar, Storage, and Cultivar × storage

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Elizabeth J. Mitcham

Controlled Atmosphere Storage of Fruits and Vegetables. A.K. Thompson. 1998. Oxford University Press, 198 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10016. 278 p., 32 illus. $100.00, hardcover. ISBN 0-85199-267-6.

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Luís Carlos Cunha Júnior, Ângelo Pedro Jacomino, Marcos José Trevisan and Gustavo Henrique de Almeida Teixeira

(Sanremo ® 960) and had the capacity to hold 1.2 kg of strawberries (110 fruit in a single layer ≈1.1 kg) at 10 ± 1 °C for 10 d. Four chambers were used (replicate) per gas mixture per day of analyses. Treatment application: controlled atmosphere and

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C.B. Watkins and F.W. Liu

periods in controlled atmosphere (CA) storage for ‘Empire’ apples. The most serious of these is a diffuse flesh browning ( DeEll et al., 2007 ; Watkins and Nock, 2005 ). The disorder is similar to flesh browning as described by Meheriuk et al. (1994

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Carolina Contreras, Nihad Alsmairat and Randy Beaudry

(ICA 61 Laboratory System; International Controlled Atmosphere Ltd., Paddock Wood, U.K.). All the CA treatments were imposed on the day of harvest; fruit were not cooled before placement in CA. The storage temperature was maintained by placing the CA