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Virginia I. Lohr

According to a recent report by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), “Climate change poses unprecedented challenges to U.S. agriculture because of the sensitivity of agricultural productivity and costs to changing climate conditions

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Claire Woodward, Lee Hansen, Fleur Beckwith, Regina S. Redman, and Rusty J. Rodriguez

The greatest threats to agricultural sustainability in the 21st century are drought, increasing temperatures, and soil salinization, all of which are being exacerbated by climate change (< http://www.copenhagendiagnosis.com >). Three approaches

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William L. Bauerle and Joseph D. Bowden

it may provide a means to prevent the leaf temperature from rising to a harmful level. Hence, changes in L w can play a substantial part in modulating leaf temperature and transpiration. CONCLUSIONS Increases in temperature resulting from climate

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S. Christopher Marble, Stephen A. Prior, G. Brett Runion, H. Allen Torbert, Charles H. Gilliam, and Glenn B. Fain

There is widespread belief among the scientific community that anthropogenic-driven climate change is occurring and that it poses a serious global threat. Atmospheric concentrations of the three most important long-lived greenhouse gases (GHG) have

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Roger Kjelgren, Yongyut Trisurat, Ladawan Puangchit, Nestor Baguinon, and Puay Tan Yok

cities as a proxy for climate change; which urban tree species have succeeded in tropical cities can yield insights into potential climate-induced changes in tropical forest types. In turn, which tropical tree species that may adapt best to climate change

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Maxym Reva, Custodia Cano, Miguel-Angel Herrera, and Alberto Bago

activity on Earth. Global climate change is causing rapid variations in parameters such as soil and air temperature ( Mellander et al., 2007 ). The rate of global warming is expected to continue increasing if no mitigation efforts are enabled ( Teixeira et

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Soo-Hyung Kim and Bert Cregg

global population. A growing volume of recent scientific research is devoted to assessing climate change impacts and developing adaptation strategies in agriculture for achieving food security in future climates. Many of these studies have focused on

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Yali Song, Patrick Burgess, Hairong Han, and Bingru Huang

Global climate change encompasses different environmental factors and is predicted to increase the frequency and severity of high-temperature events associated with increasing atmospheric CO 2 concentrations ( Solomon et al., 2007 ). Plants fix

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John L. Snider, Vincent M. Russo, Warren Roberts, Elbert V. Wann, and Randy L. Raper

climate change could negatively affect food-crop yields ( Peng et al., 2004 ) and global food security ( Lobell et al., 2008 ; Schmidhuber and Tubiello, 2007 ). Given the pronounced effect of above-optimal temperatures on crop yields, the rate of HU

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Darby S. Kellum, Manoj K. Shukla, John Mexal, and Sanjit Deb

the needs of an expanding population, soil N input is expected to continue over the next 100 years ( Hammond, 1990 ). The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change currently recommends an EF (amount of N 2 O lost per unit of N applied) of 1.25% of the