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Youping Sun, Genhua Niu, Joseph G. Masabni, and Girisha Ganjegunte

., 2013 ). ‘Malas Shirin’ pomegranate was tolerant up to 40 m m sodium chloride (NaCl) in 1:1 sand–perlite medium irrigated with complete Hoagland’s solution ( Naeini et al., 2006 ). Okhovatian-Ardakani et al. (2010) compared 10 Iranian commercial

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Gonzalo H. Villarino and Neil S. Mattson

). Fig. 1. The effect of increasing sodium chloride (NaCl) concentration in irrigation water during a 5-week treatment period on substrate pour-thru electrical conductivity (EC). Data are means of five randomly selected plants per NaCl treatment; 1 dS

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Genhua Niu and Denise S. Rodriguez

scions) remains unknown. Comparison of the response of rose rootstocks alone to salinity will be helpful in understanding the mechanism of salt tolerance of major commercial rose rootstocks. Most saline water and saline soils are dominated by chloride

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G. Lysiak, W.J. Florkowski, and S.E. Prussia

fruit firmness was among the most important characteristics consumers used to judge eating quality. In this study, a postharvest application of calcium chloride (CaCl 2 ) was evaluated as a method for improving peach firmness. CaCl 2 is a naturally

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Mengzi Zhang, Jie Yang, Huitang Pan, and Brian J. Pearson

; Blanchard and Runkle, 2007 ). Many PGRs are known to block the multistep biosynthesis pathways of gibberellic acid (GA). Depending on the compound, some act during earlier steps of the GA biosynthesis pathways, such as chlormequat chloride (CCC), whereas

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Kuan-Hung Lin, Shao-Bo Huang, Chun-Wei Wu, and Yu-Sen Chang

stress. Both salicylic acid (SA) and calcium chloride (CaCl 2 ) are signal molecules known for their roles in plant adaptation to changing environments. They influence various stress responses and regulate the physiological and biochemical mechanisms in

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Francesco Giuffrida, Marianna Martorana, and Cherubino Leonardi

result of the effect of chloride with respect to the nitrate ion as well as phosphate and sulphate ( Papadopoulos and Rending, 1983 ). The mineral content in the different plant tissues is also related to their mobility in the plant ( Hale and Orcutt

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Eleni Tsantili, Miltiadis V. Christopoulos, Constantinos A. Pontikis, Pantousis Kaltsikes, Chariklia Kallianou, and Michalis Komaitis

with Ca solutions ( Ferguson and Watkins, 1989 ). Preharvest calcium chloride (CaCl 2 ) treatments resulted in increased firmness in some fruit crops, like in apples ( Recasens et al., 2004 ), cherries ( Facteau et al., 1987 ), and peaches ( Manganaris

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Ji Jhong Chen, Haifeng Xing, Asmita Paudel, Youping Sun, Genhua Niu, and Matthew Chappell

1.31 ± 0.08 dS·m –1 (mean ± sd ) during the experiment. Sodium chloride (NaCl; Fisher Scientific, Waltham, MA) at 0.92 g·L –1 and dihydrate calcium chloride (CaCl 2 ·2H 2 O; Hi Valley Chemical, Centerville, UT) at 1.17 g·L –1 were added to the

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Timothy W. Coolong and William M. Randle

several mechanisms. Chloride may compete with nitrate or sulfate for uptake by the plant, therefore reducing pungency ( Barbier-Brygoo et al., 2000 ). Alternatively, the application of Ca may lead to the formation of calcium sulfate, which is much less