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Kathleen G. Haynes, Beverly A. Clevidence, David Rao, Bryan T. Vinyard and J. Marion White

The presence of carotenoids in fruit, vegetables, and flowers imparts yellow, orange, or red color to them ( Hari et al., 1994 ). Over 600 carotenoids have been identified ( Pfander et al., 1987 ). They can be divided into two groups: 1) the

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Kathleen G. Haynes, Beverly A. Clevidence, David Rao and Bryan T. Vinyard

have motivated plant geneticists to develop yellow-fleshed cultivars with more intense yellow coloring. The pigments in these potatoes are xanthophylls and include the carotenoids lutein and zeaxanthin. These carotenoids are of keen interest in the

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Dean A. Kopsell, Carl E. Sams, Dennis E. Deyton, Kristin R. Abney, David E. Kopsell and Larry Robertson

., 2006 ). With the popularity of Asian cuisine, bunching onions are being consumed more in Western diets. Carotenoids are lipid soluble pigments integrated into light-harvesting complexes ( Croce et al., 1999a , 1999b ). Carotenoids function as light

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T. Casey Barickman, Dean A. Kopsell and Carl E. Sams

carotenoids ( Barickman et al., 2014a ) in fruit tissue. Based upon many studies, it has been suggested that anthocyanin compounds possess anti-inflammatory and anticarcinogenic activity ( He and Giusti, 2010 ). In addition, carotenoids are powerful

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Neda Keyhaninejad, Richard D. Richins and Mary A. O’Connell

recommended. Cellular damage, associated with aging, chronic diseases, and cancers often caused by free radicals, can be prevented with antioxidants ( Ames et al., 1993 ; Valko et al., 2007 ). Carotenoids are lipid-soluble pigments that are synthesized in

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Attila Ombódi, Hussein Gehad Daood and Lajos Helyes

Carrots have favorable nutritional characteristics, containing antioxidant vitamins, carotenoids, and other bioactive micronutrients ( Metzger and Barnes, 2009 ; Nicolle et al., 2004 ). Carrots are suitable basic material for the production of

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Mark W. Farnham and Dean A. Kopsell

Carotenoids are lipid-soluble, secondary plant metabolites in vegetables reported to confer positive health-promoting effects when consumed in the diet ( Kopsell and Kopsell, 2006 ). Two nutritionally important, plant-derived carotenoids are

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Nan Wang, Shi Liu, Peng Gao, Feishi Luan and Angela R. Davis

red, and green ( Zhao et al., 2013 ). This wide range of color distribution reflects the carotenoid composition and content of the fruit ( Tadmor et al., 2005 ). Red-fleshed watermelon contains the highest carotenoid levels, with lycopene as the most

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Charles R. Brown, David Culley, Meredith Bonierbale and Walter Amorós

subset of the extant variation in native Andean cultivars. These colors are primarily red and blue anthocyanins that are present in skin or flesh to varying degrees and yellow to orange carotenoids in the flesh that display a broad variation in content

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Carl E. Sams, Dilip R. Panthee, Craig S. Charron, Dean A. Kopsell and Joshua S. Yuan

Glucosinolates and carotenoids are two classes of secondary metabolites in the Brassicaceae that are important in plant metabolism and for the dietary health benefits that they convey. Glucosinolates are sulfur-containing compounds present in a