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Hai-Fang Yang, Hye-Ji Kim, Hou-Bin Chen, Jillur Rahman, Xing-Yu Lu, and Bi-Yan Zhou

avoid poor flower set. Normally litchi trees flower at the apex of terminal shoots. The accumulation of carbohydrates in these shoots is dependent on mature leaves, which have photosynthetic capacity. The carbon-to-nitrogen in plants has been considered

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Pedro Brás de Oliveira, Maria José Silva, Ricardo B. Ferreira, Cristina M. Oliveira, and António A. Monteiro

compete with each other and can compensate for changes ( Fernandez and Pritts, 1994 ; Oliveira et al., 2004 ; Snyder and Richey, 1930 ; Waister and Wright, 1989 ; Whitney, 1982 ). Early reports on carbohydrate movement in the raspberry plant associate

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Yong Yang, Xueyong Liu, Yuanli Jiang, Zuoxiang Xiang, Qingguo Xu, Na Zhao, and Bichao Shu

adjustments to adapt/tolerate salinity stress, which include the changes of free amino acids and carbohydrates metabolism. Free amino acids are fundamental compositions in the processes of protein and other growth substances synthesis, which are vital for

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William B. Miller, Anil P. Ranwala, Garry Legnani, Merel Langens-Gerrits, Geert-Jan de Klerk, Johannes Eckelmann, and Michael Ernst

88 Colloquium 2 (Abstr. 706–713) The Carbohydrate Economy of Horticultural Crops

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Arthur A. Schaffer, Marina Petreikov, Daphne Miron, Miriam Fogelman, Moshe Spiegelman, Zecharia Bnei-Moshe, Shmuel Shen, David Granot, Rivka Hadas, Nir Dai, Moshe Bar, Michael Friedman, Meir Pilowsky, Nehama Gilboa, and Leah Chen

88 Colloquium 2 (Abstr. 706–713) The Carbohydrate Economy of Horticultural Crops

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Susan E. Trusty and William B. Miller

Abbreviations: DP, degree of polymerization DPP, days postproduction MCW, methanol: chloroform: water; TSC, total soluble carbohydrate. l Graduate Assistant. 2 Assistant Professor of Plant Sciences, to whom reprint requests should be addressed

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Eliezer E. Goldschmidt

88 Colloquium 2 (Abstr. 706–713) The Carbohydrate Economy of Horticultural Crops

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Steven Raines, Cynthia Henson, and Michael J. Havey

terminal fructose residues. No FEHs have been cloned from onion, but 1-FEH activity during storage has been characterized ( Benkeblia et al., 2005 ). Genetic studies of soluble carbohydrates in onion bulbs have revealed significant phenotypic and

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C. Yang, D.Y. Jiao, Z.Q. Cai, H.D. Gong, and G.Y. Li

across seasons is crucial. Indeed, this hypothesis would explain why NSC pools were maintained before tree growth, especially under drought conditions ( Bustan et al., 2011 ; Chapin et al., 1990 ). Fig. 2. Nonstructural carbohydrate (NSC) concentration

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Mengmeng Gu, Curt R. Rom, James A. Robbins, and Derrick M. Oosterhuis

leaf area ( Connor et al., 2005 ; Graves, 1994 ; Nash and Graves, 1993 ; Pääkkönen et al., 1998a ). Osmotic solutes such as carbohydrates, organic acids, and mineral nutrients accumulate in plants during water-deficit stress and help to maintain