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Clint Wall, William Dozier, Robert C. Ebel, Bryan Wilkins, Floyd Woods and Wheeler Foshee III

interplanting female and male plants for sufficient pollination to promote commercial fruit size ( Grant et al., 1994 ). Kiwi buds enter endodormancy during winter, which requires a minimum number of chilling hours for maximum budbreak and bloom ( Lionakis and

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J. W. Worthington, Calvin G. Lyons and John A. Lipe

84 ORAL SESSION 26 (Abstr. 183-191) Tree Fruits: Thinning/Bloom Delay

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Dean R. Evert

84 ORAL SESSION 26 (Abstr. 183-191) Tree Fruits: Thinning/Bloom Delay

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Brent Black, James Frisby, Kimberly Lewers, Fumiomi Takeda and Chad Finn

Some caneberry ( Rubus L.) production regions experience dramatic seasonal variation in bloom date and fruit ripening time. Phenology and biology of flowering in both cultivated and wild raspberries ( Rubus idaeus L.) and blackberries have been

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Tara A. Baugher, Kendall C. Elliott, David W. Leach, B.D. Horton and Stephen S. Miller

Abbreviations: CSA, cross-sectional area; DAFB, days after full bloom; FB, full bloom. 1 Division of Plant and Soil Sciences. 2 Division of Resource Management. Approved for publication by the Director, West Virginia Agricultural and Forestry Expt

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Michael W. Smith and Becky S. Cheary

positive results. Pistillate flower induction and eventual differentiation appears to be influenced both locally (shoot or branch) and at the whole tree level. For instance, fruit removal on an individual shoot positively impacts return bloom of the same

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Chris Gottschalk and Steve van Nocker

differentiated on the shoot meristem during the first season and develop incompletely before the onset of dormancy. During the subsequent spring, flowers complete development, culminating in bloom and anthesis. When plants have perceived an appropriate period of

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Alisson P. Kovaleski, Jeffrey G. Williamson, James W. Olmstead and Rebecca L. Darnell

blueberry ( Salvo et al., 2011 ) and is determined by the extent of floral bud initiation and development that occurs in late summer and early fall. The extent and timing of inflorescence bud initiation and development in blueberry may affect bloom time the

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Steven McArtney, Dick Unrath, J.D. Obermiller and Ann Green

return bloom and consistent cropping. Williams (1979) attributed the increased consistency of U.S. apple production after 1949 to the widespread commercial adoption of chemical thinning technology from that year. However, cultivars that exhibit a strong

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Willem J. Steyn, Samuel F. Ungerer and Karen I. Theron

; Yamamura et al., 1989 ). In South Africa, application of 20 mg·L −1 GA 3 at 30% and 70% full bloom (FB) is the recommended industry standard treatment to increase parthenocarpic fruit set in ‘Triumph’. Despite rigorous application of GA 3