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Sanele Fana Kubheka, Samson Zeray Tesfay, Asanda Mditshwa, and Lembe Samukelo Magwaza

Avocado fruit is highly perishable, mainly because of its characteristically high metabolic rates, resulting in short postharvest life. High metabolic rates are associated with high respiration rates and high endogenous production of ethylene, which

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David E. Crowley, Woody Smith, Ben Faber, and John A. Manthey

1 Assistant Professor; to whom reprint requests should be addressed. 2 Staff Research Associate. 3 Farm Advisor. 4 U.S. Dept. of Agriculture Research Chemist. This research was supported by a grant from the California Avocado Commission

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Susan C. Miyasaka, Jeff B. Million, Nguyen V. Hue, and Charles E. McCulloch

. Meisner, H.P. Stene, D.T. Matsuyama, and C.A. Ritch for their assistance in soil preparation, establishment and maintenance of avocado seedlings, grafting, data collection, and data entry. Also, we thank C.K. Miura of the Univ. of Hawaii–Hilo for her

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R.J. Schnell, J.S. Brown, C.T. Olano, E.J. Power, C.A. Krol, D.N. Kuhn, and J.C. Motamayor

The authors thank R. Krueger, National Germplasm Repository for Citrus and Dates and D. Stottlemyer of the UC-Riverside for collecting and sending the avocado tissue from the South Coast Field Station.

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Edward A. Evans and Fredy H. Ballen

The United States is one of the world’s major producers and leading importers of avocados, ranking fourth in the global production of avocados in 2012, with an annual crop volume of around 245,000 t [270,066.3 tons ( Food and Agriculture

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James W. Borrone, Cecile T. Olano, David N. Kuhn, J. Steven Brown, Raymond J. Schnell, and Helen A. Violi

Avocado is an evergreen tree native to Mesoamerica. Persea americana is a polymorphic species consisting of several botanical varieties, or subspecies, adapted to geographically distinct microenvironments. These include wild botanical varieties

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Julian Mendel, Kenneth G. Furton, and DeEtta Mills

Scolytinae and are some of the most common and the most devastating pests to plants known to date ( Ploetz et al., 2013 ). Although its original introduction was through the RAB, it is important to note that in avocado, multiple beetle vectors have

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Enrique I. Sánchez-González, Adriana Gutiérrez-Díez, and Netzahualcóyotl Mayek-Pérez

Avocado is one of the most economically important subtropical/tropical fruit crops in the world ( Bost et al., 2013 ) and is culturally valuable in Mexico. It is member of the Lauraceae family and there are three different ecological races or

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Lauren C. Garner, Vanessa E.T.M. Ashworth, Michael T. Clegg, and Carol J. Lovatt

Avocado and many other subtropical fruit tree crops are characterized by excessive flower and fruit abscission. Thousands of avocado flowers and immature fruit abscise in a single season ( Cameron et al., 1952 ; Garner and Lovatt, 2008 ; Inoue

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Haofeng Chen, Vanessa E.T.M. Ashworth, Shizhong Xu, and Michael T. Clegg

Avocado is one of the major fruit crops in the world. It is regarded as the most nutritious of all fruit and has a significant volume in international trade, with an estimated world production of 3.2 million Mg in 2005 ( U.S. Department of