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Shiow Y. Wang and Kim S. Lewers

). Antioxidant efficacy in preventing oxidation of human low-density lipoprotein among anthocyanins is as follows: delphinidin > cyanidin > malvidin > pelargonidin ( Satué-Gracia et al., 1997 ). The levels of antioxidants and antioxidant capacity in strawberry

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Camila P. Croge, Francine L. Cuquel, Paula T.M. Pintro, Luiz A. Biasi, and Claudine M. De Bona

visualize the relationship of the chemical properties with the antioxidant capacity of the blackberry fruits, correlation graphs were plotted. SAS (SAS Institute 1999; Cary, NC) and StatSoft, Inc. (2007) software packages were used for the statistical

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Hideka Kobayashi, Changzheng Wang, and Kirk W. Pomper

(PC) generally correlates with antioxidant capacity (AC) for various types of fruits ( Olsson et al., 2004 ; Sun et al., 2002 ). Phenolic antioxidants can scavenge free radical species, inhibit free radical formation, and prevent damage to cellular

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Tripti Vashisth, Mercy A. Olmstead, James Olmstead, and Thomas A. Colquhoun

offered. Fruits are excellent functional foods as they are high in antioxidant capacity and phytochemicals ( Scalzo et al., 2005 ; Tomas-Barberan and Robins, 1997 ). Phytochemicals are naturally occurring substances that play an important role in the

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Teddy Morelock*, Luke Howard, and J. Brad Murphy

Spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.) is a highly nutritious leafy green vegetable that contains high levels of vitamins A, C, E and folate as well as minerals such as iron and calcium. Spinach is high in carotenoids, specifically lutein and β-carotene. Spinach has also been shown to have high ORAC (oxygen radical absorbency capacity) values and to have a high total flavonoids content (100 mg·kg-1). Leaves were collected from 11 commercial cultivars and 15 advanced breeding lines which were grown at the Univ. of Arkansas vegetable substation near Kibler, Arkansas. Samples were placed in polyethylene bags in ice chests and transported to the Univ. of Arkansas within 2 hours and samples were stored at -20 °C until analysis were performed. Both growing season and genotype had an effect on both ORAC and total phenolics. Over-winter spinach, which is planted in the fall and harvested in the spring, had higher total phenolics as well as higher ORAC than fall-planted fall-harvested spinach. Univ. of Arkansas breeding lines had higher average levels of total phenolics and ORAC than commercial cultivars. These data indicate that it should be possible to breed for higher antioxidant capacity in spinach. In a separate study involving the same cultivars wide variation in lutein content was observed with the cultivars F380 and Fallgreen having the highest levels. Data indicate wide variation in lutein and that breeding for increased lutein content is possible.

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Lixiang Miao, Yuchao Zhang, Xiaofang Yang, Jinping Xiao, Huiqin Zhang, Ming Jiang, Zuofa Zhang, Yuezhi Wang, and Guihua Jiang

vitamins), strawberry fruits also contain diverse non-nutrient molecules, such as ellagic acid, anthocyanins, quercetin, and catechin. Phenolic compounds are powerful free radical scavengers and exhibit strong antioxidant capacity. Antioxidant and bioactive

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Mustafa Ozgen, Faith J. Wyzgoski, Artemio Z. Tulio Jr, Aparna Gazula, A. Raymond Miller, Joseph C. Scheerens, R. Neil Reese, and Shawn R. Wright

, 2001 ). Among commonly consumed produce, fruits of Rubus spp. are known to have strong antioxidant capacity mainly as a result of high levels of anthocyanins and other phenolic compounds ( Wu et al., 2004 ). However, phenolic compound levels and

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Valtcho D. Zheljazkov, Tess Astatkie, Thomas Horgan, Vicki Schlegel, and Xavier Simonnet

et al., 2013 ) found that the DT affected essential oil content, artemisinin concentration, and antioxidant capacity of the plant residue from distillation of A. annua . Steam DT has been shown to significantly affect essential oil composition of

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Valtcho D. Zheljazkov, Santosh Shiwakoti, Tess Astatkie, Ivan Salamon, Daniela Grul'ová, Silvia Mudrencekova, and Vicki Schlegel

individual components of cumin seed oil was accomplished by internal standards (for the main oil constituents), by retention time (NIST MS library), and also using mass-spectroscopy. Antioxidant capacity of cumin oils from different HDT. Antioxidant capacity

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Yi Gong, Ronald B. Pegg, Adrian L. Kerrihard, Brad E. Lewis, and Richard J. Heerema

-bound forms), TPCs, and antioxidant capacities. It is anticipated that these data will provide insight and practical information as to whether pecan growers can adapt such horticultural practices to better meet consumer demand for foods with superior