Karam, F. Saliba, R. Skaf, S. Breidy, J. Rouphael, Y. Balendonck, J. 2011 Yield and water use of eggplants ( Solanum melongena L.) under full and deficit irrigation regimes Agr. Water Mgt. 98 1307 1316 Kirnak, H. Tas, I. Kaya, C. Higgs, D. 2002 Effects
Juan Carlos Díaz-Pérez and Touria E. Eaton
Carmina Gisbert, Judith M. Dumm, Jaime Prohens, Santiago Vilanova and John R. Stommel
plant transcription factors Plant J. 66 94 116 Frary, A. Frary, A. Daunay, M.C. Huvenaars, K. Mank, R. Doganlar, S. 2014 QTL hotspots in eggplant ( Solanum melongena ) detected with a high resolution map and CIM analysis Euphytica 197 211 228 Gisbert, C
Heeock Boo, Honggi Kim and Hyunhwa Lee
Eggplant ( Solanum melongena L.), as a member of the Solanaceae family, mostly demands high temperature and light during its growth ( Krug, 1991 ; Messiaen, 1989 ). It is usually grown in open fields during summer and in greenhouses during
J.P. Morales-Payan and W.M. Stall
Field experiments were conducted in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, to determine the effect of increasing population densities of purple nutsedge (Cyperus rotundus) on the yield of eggplant (Solanum melongena). Purple nutsedge populations were established by transplanting viable tubers on 1-m-wide soil beds previously fumigated to suppress volunteer weeds. Nutsedge densities were 0, 50, 100, 150, and 200 plants (tubers) per m2. `Jira' eggplants and purple nutsedge were transplanted the same day and were allowed to interfere season-long. Purple nutsedge initial population densities of up to 100 plants per m2 did not significantly affect the fruit yield of `Jira' eggplants. However, nutsedge densities between 100 and 200 plants per m2 had a significant impact on eggplant yield, causing a linear decline in fruit yield as purple nutsedge density increased. Eggplant fruit yield loss was 22.3% at the density of 200 nutsedge plants per m2.
Mahdi S. Abdal and Jagan N. Sharma
Eggplant is an important vegetable crop in Kuwait. Eggplant is considered to have moderately sensitive salt-tolerance, though no quantitative information is available on its salt sensitivity. Selecting salt-tolerant genotypes in eggplant is an ongoing project at Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research. Towards the goal of selecting salt-tolerant genotypes in eggplant a completely randomized experiment using 10 cultivars, replicated 3 times were tested against 2 levels of high salinity stress (EC MS.cm-1 at 25°C, 15.0 and 18.0) along with the control (EC MS.cm-1 at 25°C, 3.0). The experiment was conducted on 15 days old seedlings inside a greenhouse. Data on shoot length and visual observations on leaf necrosis, leaf collapse and root color was also recorded. There was a clear degree of variability as well as significant differences in growth and final survival, between cultivars at 2 levels of salinity stress. Those genotypes that showed significant higher growth rates and survival without any signs on leaf necrosis and root collapse formed the basis salt-tolerant genotypes.
John R. Stommel and Judith M. Dumm
-specific primers ( Table 1 ). Table 1. Solanum melongena gene-specific primers for real-time polymerase chain reaction amplification of flavonoid biosynthetic and regulatory genes. For real time PCR, cDNA synthesis was performed with 1 μg RNA using the iScript TM
Brian A. Kahn
the productivity of eggplant ( Solanum melongena L.) Trop. Agr. Res. 16 14 24 Johnson, D. Knavel, D.E. 1990 Inheritance of cracking and scarring in pepper fruit J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 115 172 175 Kahn, B.A. Stoffella, P.J. 1989 Distribution pattern
Mariola Plazas, Santiago Vilanova, Pietro Gramazio, Adrián Rodríguez-Burruezo, Ana Fita, Francisco J. Herraiz, Rajakapasha Ranil, Ramya Fonseka, Lahiru Niran, Hemal Fonseka, Brice Kouassi, Abou Kouassi, Auguste Kouassi and Jaime Prohens
, with differences of more than 3-fold in the number of hybridizations made between MEL1 and MEL4 ( Table 3 ). Table 3. Number of interspecific hybridizations made with each of the Solanum melongena accessions as female and male parent (MEL1–MEL3 from
David M. Butler, Gary E. Bates and Sarah E. Eichler Inwood
has a roller and will flatten cover crops ( Morse, 1999 ) at cover crop flowering (5 May 2011 and 20 Apr. 2012). Eggplant ( Solanum melongena L. cv. Traviata) transplants were produced in the greenhouse in 128-cell (36-cm 3 cell volume) trays
G. Jelenkovic, S. Billings, Q. Chen, J. Lashomb and G. Ghidiu
A chimeric construct, containing the synthetic cryIIIA (Btt) gene, the NPTII selectable marker and the uidA reporter gene, was incorporated via Agrobacterium tumefaciens into eggplant, variety Hibush. The synthetic cryIIIA gene, altered at the nucleotide level without changing the amino acids of the toxic protein by J. Kemp of New Mexico State Univ., Las Cruces, is adapted for high expression in plant cells. To verify the transgenic status, GUS assays were performed on over 300 plants, from which 185 were confirmed to be transgenic. Physical incorporation of the chimeric construct was further confirmed by Southern analysis of about 30 transgenic plants; both single and multiple site incorporation of the Btt gene were found. Resistance to Colorado potato beetle (CPB) was assessed by: a) placing egg masses of CPB on leaves of plants grown in the growth chamber; b) placing first-instar larvae on detached leaves; c) observing 173 transgenic plants under field conditions. About 60% of the transgenic plants displayed a very high level of resistance to CPB. No larvae survived on the resistant plants longer than 50–60 hours after hatching. Upon selfing, the transgenic plants with a single construct segregate in the S1 generation in a Mendelian fashion.