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Cindy B.S. Tong, Hsueh-Yuan Chang, James J. Luby, David Bedford, Benham E.L. Lockhart, Roy G. Kiambi, and Dimitre Mollov

apple breeding program ( Bedford and Luby, 2014 ). It was developed from a cross between ‘Honeycrisp’ and AA44, a cultivar from the University of Arkansas, and is sold in the United States as Rave ® . In preliminary studies at the University of Minnesota

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Qiang Liu, Youping Sun, Genhua Niu, James Altland, Lifei Chen, and Lijuan Jiang

Because of limited supply of high-quality water, alternative water sources have been used for irrigation in water-scarce regions. However, alternative waters usually contain high salt levels, which can cause salt damage on salt-sensitive plants. A greenhouse study was conducted to evaluate the relative salt tolerance of 10 common ornamental taxa to saline water irrigation. The 10 taxa studied were Chaenomeles speciosa ‘Orange Storm’ and ‘Pink Storm’ (Chaenomeles Double Take); Diervilla rivularis ‘G2X885411’, ‘G2X88544’ (Diervilla Kodiak®, Black, Orange, and Red, respectively), and ‘Smndrsf’; Forsythia ×intermedia ‘Mindor’ (Forsythia Show Off®); Hibiscus syriacus ‘ILVOPS’ (Hibiscus Purple Satin®); Hydrangea macrophylla ‘Smhmtau’ and ‘Smnhmsigma’ (Hydrangea Let’s Dance® Blue Jangles® and Rave, respectively); and Parthenocissus quinquefolia ‘Troki’ (Parthenociss quinquefolia Red Wall®). Plants were irrigated with a nutrient solution at an electrical conductivity (EC) of 1.2 dS·m−1 (control) or saline solutions at EC of 5.0 or 10.0 dS·m−1 (EC 5 or EC 10) eight times on a weekly basis. The results indicated that the 10 ornamental taxa had different morphological and physiological responses to salinity. The C. speciosa and D. rivularis plants in EC 5 had severe salt foliar damage, whereas those in EC 10 were dead. Hibiscus syriacus ‘ILVOPS’ performed well in EC 5 treatment with a shoot dry weight (DW) reduction of 26%, but those in EC 10 had severe foliar salt damage. Hydrangea macrophylla, F. ×intermedia ‘Mindor’ and P. quinquefolia ‘Troki’ were the most salt tolerant with minor foliar salt damage. The two H. macrophylla cultivars had the highest shoot sodium (Na) and chlorine (Cl) concentrations with a visual quality of 3 (scale 0 to 5 with 0 for dead plants and 5 for excellent performance), indicating that H. macrophylla plants adapted to elevated salinity by tolerating high Na and Cl concentrations in leaf tissue. Forsythia ×intermedia ‘Mindor’ and P. quinquefolia ‘Troki’ had relatively low leaf Na and Cl concentration, indicating that both taxa are capable of excluding Na and Cl. Chaenomeles speciosa and D. rivularis were sensitive to salinity with great growth reduction, severe foliar salt damage, and high Na and Cl accumulation in leaf tissue.

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Esther E. McGinnis and Mary H. Meyer

species ( Hoag et al., 2001 ; Kettenring and Galatowitsch, 2007a , b ; Schutz and Rave, 1999 ). Although the most effective stratification temperatures for Carex species can vary, temperatures below 12 °C are most effective ( Brandel and Schutz, 2005

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Yihui Cui, Peng Zhao, Hongqiang An, Nan Lv, Zifeng Zhang, Wei Pei, and Wanjun Wang

al., 2000 ), Oryza sativa L. ( Meneses et al., 2005 ; Raval and Chattoo, 1993 ), Arabidopsis thaliana ( Ikeda-Iwai et al., 2002 ; Luo and Koop, 1997 ), Phalaenopsis ( Chen and Chang, 2006 ; Chung et al., 2006 ), and Cymbidium ( Huan et al

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Hans Christian Wien

distribution des temperatures sous abrichauffe par la geothermie Acta Hort. 263 213 224 Montero, J.I. Castilla, N. Gutierrez de Rave, E. Bretons, F. 1985 Climate under plastic in the Almeria area Acta Hort. 170 227 234 Montero, J.I. Munoz, P. Anton, A. Iglesias

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Clifton A. Martin and Rebecca Grube Sideman

The influence of two different polyethylene films on greenhouse minimum temperatures and on the growth and yield of a tomato crop Acta Hort. 263 265 274 Montero, J.I. Castilla, N. Gutierrez de Rave, E. Bretones, F. 1985 Climate under plastic in the

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Maycon Diego Ribeiro, Rhuanito Soranz Ferrarezi, and Roberto Testezlaf

.I. Castilla, N. Ravé, E.G. Bretones, F. 1985 Climate under plastic in the Almeria area Acta Hort. 170 227 234 Montesano, F. Parente, A. Santamaria, P. 2010 Closed cycle subirrigation with low concentration nutrient solution can be used for soilless tomato

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Bhimanagouda S. Patil, G.K. Jayaprakasha, and Amit Vikram

. Venkatakrishna-Bhatt, H. Verma, Y. Venkaiah, K. Raval, B. 1993 Antidiabetic and adaptogenic properties of Momordica charantia extract: An experimental and clinical evaluation Phytother. Res. 7 285 Suarez, M. Haenni, M. Canarelli, S. Fisch, F. Chodanowski, P

Open access

Daniel P. Gillespie, Chieri Kubota, and Sally A. Miller

Effects of low nutrient solution pH on hydroponic leafy green plant growth, nutrient concentration of leaf tissue, and Pythium zoospore infection. Dept. of Horticulture and Crop Science, The Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH, MS Thesis. 23 May 2020. < http://rave

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Ksenija Gasic, John E. Preece, and David Karp

; skin thin, easily penetrated; flavor subacid; ripens 2-3 weeks after Minneiska. Tree: blooms after Minnewasta; vigor moderate; cold hardy to USDA Zone 4; more resistant to apple scab than Minneiska. MN55 (Rave TM ). Early ripening, crisp, juicy, red