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Lihong Hao, Hui Ma, Jaime A. Teixeira da Silva and XiaoNan Yu

Herbaceous peonies, famous ornamental plants of the genus Paeonia (Paeoniaceae), have more than 1000 years of cultivation history around the world. Herbaceous peonies are usually divided into three distinct groups based on their provenance around

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Liuhui Yang, Jianjun Zhang, Jaime A. Teixeira da Silva and Xiaonan Yu

Herbaceous peonies are perennial flowers belonging to section Paeonia of the genus Paeonia in the Paeoniaceae. Herbaceous peonies usually blossom from April to June and have a variety of flower patterns and flower colors, making them famous

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Ni Jia, Qing-Yan Shu, Dan-Hua Wang, Liang-Sheng Wang, Zheng-An Liu, Hong-Xu Ren, Yan-Jun Xu, Dai-Ke Tian and Kenneth Michael Tilt

The genus Paeonia consists of three sections ( Moutan DC., Onaepia Lindley, and Paeonia DC.) and ≈35 species to form an independent family, Paeoniaceae. Section Paeonia was further divided into two subsections [ Foliolatae F.C. Stern and

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Qianqian Shi, Xiaoxiao Zhang, Xiang Li, Lijuan Zhai, Xiaoning Luo, Jianrang Luo, Lixia He, Yanlong Zhang and Long Li

Petal variegation is a distinctive trait of flowers from many angiosperm families. Variegation not only attracts pollinators but also improves the ornamental and commercial value of flowers. Tree peony ( Paeonia suffruticosa ), which belongs to the

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Chaowei Song, Qi Wang, Jaime A. Teixeira da Silva and Xiaonan Yu

scent of 21 herbaceous peony cultivars identified 34 volatile compounds using headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) coupled with GC-MS ( Feng et al., 2016 ). In related research of tree peony (section Moutan of the genus Paeonia ), Li et al

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Qianqian Shi, Long Li, Lin Zhou and Yan Wang

Paeonia delavayi is an unique wild tree peony species with variously colored individuals including yellow, orange, red, dark red, and purple–red occurring both within and between populations, and the yellow colored individuals are considered the

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Lihang Xie, Lixin Niu, Yanlong Zhang, Min Jin, Duo Ji and Xiaoxiao Zhang

Tree peony (a woody shrub of family Paeoniaceae, genus Paeonia , and section Moutan ) is native to China ( Wister, 1962 ). It has been planted for more than 1600 years in China and has been introduced to Japan, America, and Europe since the Tang

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Jianjun Zhang, Wei Zhu, Jaime A. Teixeira da Silva, Yongming Fan and Xiaonan Yu

Herbaceous peony ( Paeonia lactiflora Pall., Paeoniaceae) is a popular ornamental plant that grows well in temperate regions, blooming from May to July in the Northern hemisphere ( Zhao et al., 2012 ). P. lactiflora has a long-standing reputation

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Xiangdong Huang, Dong Xue and Lian Xue

Tree peony ( Paeonia suffruticosa ), known as the “queen of flowers,” is one of the most famous horticultural plants and has been cultivated throughout the temperate regions of the world. China is the country of first domestication and the origin

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Zhi-li Suo, Xiao-qing Zhao, Jian-peng Zhao, Xiao-chong Zhao and Fu-fei Chen

Tree peonies are deciduous shrubs belonging to genus Paeonia L., section Moutan DC., family Paeoniaceae Rudolphi. They are important ornamental and resource plants, having been cultivated in China for more than 1500 years; currently there are