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Matthew A. Cutulle, Howard F. Harrison Jr., Chandresakar S. Kousik, Phillip A. Wadl, and Amnon Levi

Lagenaria siceraria (Mol.) Standl., a viny species of the Cucurbitaceae family, is thought to be among the first domesticated plant species ( Cutler and Whitaker, 1967 ). Its dry, mature fruit is used by people throughout the world for making

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Kai-Shu Ling and Amnon Levi

, all other cucurbits, including bottlegourd [ Lagenaria siceraria (Mol.) Standl.], are vulnerable to ZYMV infection. Natural infection of bottlegourd by ZYMV has been reported in Hawaii ( Ullman et al., 1991 ), India ( Verma et al., 2004 ), and Serbia

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James D. McCreight and Albert N. Kishaba

Squash leaf curl (SLC) is a virus disease of squash transmitted by the sweetpotato whitefly [Bernisia tabaci (Germ.)]. 'Cucurbita maxima Duch. ex Lam., C. mixta Pang, and C. pepo L. cultivars and the wild taxon. C. texana Gray exhibited severe symptoms in response to SLC in greenhouse and field tests. Symptoms on C. moschata (Duch.) Duch. ex Poir. cultivars were much more severe in greenhouse tests than in field tests. Three wild species, C. ecuadorensis Cutler and Whitaker, C. lundelliana Bailey, and C. martinezii Bailey, were virtually immune in greenhouse tests, but were infected in field tests. Cucurbita foetidissima HBK expressed moderate symptoms in a field test. Benincasa hispida (Thunb.) Cogn., C. ficifolia Bouche, Lagenaria siceraria (Mol.) Standl., Luffa acutangula (L.) Roxb., Luffs aegyptiaca Mill., and Luffs graveolens Roxb. were resistant to SLC in greenhouse and field tests.

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Guiseppe Colla, Youssef Roupahel, Mariateresa Cardarelli, and Elvira Rea

A greenhouse experiment was carried out to determine growth, yield, fruit quality, gas exchange and mineral composition of watermelon plants (Citrullus Lanatus L. `Tex'), either ungrafted or grafted onto two commercial rootstocks `Macis' [Lagenaria siceraria (Mol.) Standl.] and `Ercole' (Cucurbita maxima Duchesne × Cucurbita moschata Duchesne) and cultured in NFT. Plants were supplied with a nutrient solution having an electrical conductivity (EC) of 2.0 or 5.2 dS·m–1. The saline nutrient solution had the same basic composition, plus an additional of 29 mm of NaCl. Increased salinity in the nutrient solution decreased total yield. The reduction in total yield in saline treatments compared to control was due to a reduction in the fruit mean mass and not to the number of fruit per plant. Total fruit yield was 81% higher in grafted than in ungrafted plants. The lowest marketable yield recorded on ungrafted plants was associated with a reduction in both fruit mean mass and the number of fruits per plant in comparison to grafted plants. Salinity improved fruit quality in all grafting combinations by increasing dry matter (DM), glucose, fructose, sucrose, and total soluble solid (TSS) content. Nutritional qualities of grafted watermelons such as fruit DM, glucose, fructose, sucrose, and TSS content were similar in comparison to those of ungrafted plant. In all grafting combinations, negative correlations were recorded between Na+ and Cl in the leaf tissue and net assimilation of CO2 Grafting reduced concentrations of sodium, but not chloride, in leaves. However, the sensitivity to salinity was similar between grafted and ungrafted plants and the higher total yield from grafting plants was mainly due to grafting per se.

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Jacob Mashilo, Hussein Shimelis, Alfred Odindo, and Beyene Amelework

. Sureja, A.K. Pandey, C. Verma, M. 2014 Population structure and genetic diversity in bottle gourd [ Lagenaria siceraria (Mol.) Standl.] germplasm from India assessed by ISSR markers Plant Syst. Evol. 300 767 773 Bhawna, A.M.Z. Arya, L. Verma, M. 2015b

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Jules Janick and Harry Paris

melons have survived from antiquity ( Fig. 5 ; Janick et al., 2007 ; Avital and Paris, 2014 ). Pliny distinguishes between cucumis (pliable skin) and cucurbita (rind), the latter being another cucurbit, Lagenaria siceraria (Mol.) Standl., the

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Nebahat Sari, Emily Silverman, Danny Reiland, and Todd C. Wehner

.). Botanic gardens and the world conservation strategy. Academic Press, London Harika, M. Gasti, V.D. Shantappa, T. Mulge, R. Shirol, A.M. Mastiholdi, A.B. Kulkarni, M.S. 2012 Evaluation of bottle gourd genotypes [ Lagenaria siceraria (Mol.) Standl.] for

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Chieri Kubota, Michael A. McClure, Nancy Kokalis-Burelle, Michael G. Bausher, and Erin N. Rosskopf

grafted seedlings in commercial vegetable production occurred as early as the 1930s in Japan for watermelon grafted on Lagenaria siceraria (Mol.) Standl. ( Oda, 2002 ). Research on grafting cucumber ( Cucumis sativus L.) also started in the late 1920s

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Chandrasekar S. Kousik, Amnon Levi, Kai-Shu Ling, and W. Patrick Wechter

Bottle gourd [ Lagenaria siceraria (Mol.) Standl.], which belongs to the Cucurbitaceae family, is considered to be one of the earliest species of plants to be domesticated by humans. Bottle gourds are regularly grown and consumed in various parts

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Abigail Attavar, Lydia Tymon, Penelope Perkins-Veazie, and Carol A. Miles

, depending on the cultivar and on the number of seeds purchased ( Lewis et al., 2014 ). The rootstock species that are most commonly used for watermelon grafting are bottle gourd [ Lagenaria siceraria (Mol.) Standl.], interspecific hybrids between Cucurbita