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Tripti Vashisth and Taylor Livingston

Huanglongbing (HLB, aka citrus greening), a bacterial disease caused by Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus ( C Las), threatens citrus production in Florida and around the world ( Alvarez et al., 2016 ; Bové, 2006 ). HLB can be transmitted by

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E.W. Stover and T.G. McCollum

eradication after the first two introductions and substantial containment after the third introduction, the pathogen was widely spread by hurricanes in 2004 and ACC became endemic in Florida ( Gottwald et al., 2002 ; Irey et al., 2006 ). HLB (associated with

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Ariel Singerman, Marina Burani-Arouca, and Stephen H. Futch

and Hume, 2016 ). But, chief among all challenges, the industry has been dealing with HLB since 2005. The finding of HLB in Florida in 2005 was at about the same time that the citrus canker eradication program ended. Despite government and growers

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Ed Stover, Robert G. Shatters Jr., Barrett Gruber, Prem Kumar, and Gloria A. Moore

Huanglongbing is devastating the Florida citrus industry and is considered as the greatest threat to global citrus production ( Bové, 2006 ). In the United States, CLas is recognized as the pathogen causing HLB, and is vectored by the Asian citrus

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Ed Stover, Sharon Inch, Matthew L. Richardson, and David G. Hall

The citrus disease HLB has become endemic in Florida. HLB in Florida is associated with the phloem-limited bacterium CLas, which is vectored by the asian citrus psyllid (ACP) ( Diaphorina citri ) ( Bové, 2006 ; Hall et al., 2013b ). It is estimated

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Craig Brodersen, Cody Narciso, Mary Reed, and Ed Etxeberria

Citrus HLB (synonym citrus greening) is a highly destructive, fast-spreading disease of citrus. Its presumed pathological agent, Candidatus Liberibacter spp., is a fastidious Gram-negative, obligate parasite, phloem-limited α

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Ed Stover, David G. Hall, Robert G. Shatters Jr., and Gloria A. Moore

Huanglongbing disease is considered the greatest threat to the U.S. citrus industry ( Gottwald, 2010 ). In the United States, HLB is associated with CLas and its insect vector, Diaphorina citri , the ACP. Following initial infection, symptoms may

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Giuseppe Cimò, Riccardo Lo Bianco, Pedro Gonzalez, Wije Bandaranayake, Edgardo Etxeberria, and James P. Syvertsen

Currently, the most important problem in citrus production worldwide is the bacterial disease HLB (syn. citrus greening). HLB is presumably caused by the bacterium Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus ( C las), a fastidious Gram-negative, obligate

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Ed Etxeberria, Pedro Gonzalez, Ariel Singerman, and Timothy Ebert

Huanglongbing (HLB or citrus greening) is the most destructive disease of citrus worldwide, causing extensive production loss in terms of fruit yield and juice quality ( Gottwald, 2010 ). HLB is associated with different strains of the bacterium

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Samuel Kwakye, Davie M. Kadyampakeni, Edzard van Santen, Tripti Vashisth, and Alan Wright

about 45,000 workers ( USDA-NASS, 2019 ). This decline in citrus production has been attributed primarily to Huanglongbing (HLB) disease, first reported in Florida around 2005. This disease was first described during the 19th century in China and has now